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Install Joomla onto your webserver
This guide is to help you install either joomla 1.5 or the newer version of Joomla 1.6.
Both versions of joomla are different, but they install much the same, and the setup they require is the same too.
First you will need to setup sql databases on your webserver. If you use hostgator, you can get access to the cpanel, although lots of web hosts have cpanel too.
First Create the new database,and name it something that slightly resembles your website name. Although you will have a maximum 8 characters, you can shorten your website so you can recognize thats the database that corresponds to your website. and then add a user to that database. You will need to give the database user all privileges access.
Once you have done all of this, make sure that you take a note of the new database name, and also the database user. I would suggest copy and paste directly from where you setup the database. This will avoid the chances of your spelling mistake.
Download Joomla & Copy to your Webserver
You will have to go to the main joomla website, and download the latest version of joomla. Once you've downloaded it to your local drive, connect to your webserver via your FTP server connection program, and then upload the files. Although the actual joomla download is around 15-20 mb, it does take a while to upload, since there are so many small files to transfer.
Once all the files of joomla are copied to your webserver, then you can go to your website location root. in my case on host gator i have the ip address of the webserver, and then /~myusername/the domain name
When you open this location in your web browser, you will automatically start the joomla setup program.
Joomla install options
Go through the next options, and make sure that everyhting is ok in your pre-installation checklist. If there are any problems then fix them before you continue. I've never had any problems with this part, so if you do have any difficulty, leave me a comment and i will try and help. You will arrive at the part that is asking you for database details. This is where you have to put in the correct database name and user name that you setup earlier.
The database type is Mysql.
the hostname is localhost this ensures that the installtion is actually happening in the location that you've copied the joomla installation too.
Put the password in that you created with the database username.
After this screen you go to the ftp screen. Normally i wouldn't bother setting up any ftp settings in here, as you can log into the ftp already, and also get access to the database via your control panel. If anyone knows why you might need to set this up, please say. But I would just skip this part.
You will then be asked to choose your joomla site name, it can normally be just the name of your webpage. It doesn't need to have www, or .co.uk, or .org, or anything like that. You can put this in if you want though. Its totally up to you.
You'll need to put in your username and password. I would always recommend using an email that is totally separate from any of your website stuff, something like your permanent hotmail, or gmail account is the best. avoid putting in any custom emails that you may have setup. This will allow you to have easier access, since you won't have to spend any time checking that your own mail server is working.
You can then choose to put in some basic example website data or not, and then after that you click finish, and that should be it. You will have to delete the installation folder only from your webserver now, or nothing will work.