Making a Constant Current Lead Acid Battery Charger
If you compare the expense and the rating of this constant current lead acid battery charger circuit you will get a surprise, because the output voltage and current are fully adjustable between O. . . 18 V and 0 . . . 1.8 A respectively and costs smoothing capacitor (C2). Diode D5 and capacitor C1 produce a negative auxiliary voltage, which is stabilized by zener diode D6 and capacitor C4. The negative voltage provides the negative supply for the two ICs.
Refer CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
All this is necessary to enable the output voltage to be adjusted down to zero volts. During the construction of this part of the circuit bear in mind that the positive lead of electrolytic capacitor C4 is connected to earth! Regulation is provided by IC1 and IC2. Capacitor C3 suppresses any residual transients at the input of lC1 and it should therefore be connected as closely as possible to IC1 lsimilary C4 and IC2). ie The reference level output from H pin 4 of IC1 goes to the voltage divider made up of R5 and P2 (this pot sets the value of the output voltage). IC2 is connected as a . differential amplifier and compares the signals at its two inputs. The difference between the inputs is the voltage drop across 'current’ sensor R4. This IC feeds the current sensing input (pin 2) of the L200. P1 in the n feedback loop of the 741 is used to vary the output current of the 1 circuit. IC1 must be mounted on a suitable heat sink as it dissipates nearly all the power of the circuit. The power supply can quite easily be built into a case and a voltmeter and ammeter mounted on the front panel. ln view of the accuracy of the circuit these should ideally be digital meters, but virtually any type will do.