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Mobile Communication Basics - Location Update

Updated on March 14, 2010
GSM Basics - Location Update
GSM Basics - Location Update

Why location updates?

Network has to identify where is the mobile is located to page it when an incoming call is received.

Why cannot page the entire network?

Millions of calls receive every moment, the capacity is not enough if network page all those millions of calls in each and every base station in the network. Therefore it is required to divide the network in to LAC.

What is the suitable LAC size?

It is depends on many factors. But smaller location area avoids paging channel congestions. But having many LACs would increase SDCCH traffic in LAC border cells. Therefore city centers, highways have to be avoided as much as possible to minimize number of location updates.

What is the largest LAC?

Single MSC


What is the smallest LAC?

Single cell

Location Update Types

Three types of location updates are defined in GSM standards.

  • Normal location updating
  • IMIS attach location updating procedure
  • Periodic location updating

Normal location updating

MS has to do a location update in new location area when it crosses a LAC border.

IMIS attach location updating procedure

  • When mobile switch ON it has to do a location update
  • When moving from non coverage area to a coverage area MS has to do a location update if LAC is different from stored LAC
  • When mobile switch OFF it has to detached from the network

Periodic location updating (T3212 timer is used)

The network has to do a periodic location updates to update the subscribers in each location area.

 

How does the network distinguish between 'switched off' and 'not responding' when giving messages to the caller?

  • Mobile detached from VLR when it switched off.
  • Mobile registered in VLR but not in coverage area.

 

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Location Update

Why location updates? Network has to identify where is the mobile is located to page it when an incoming call is received. Why cannot page the entire network? Millions of calls receive every moment, the...

 

 

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    • profile image

      Onigece 4 years ago

      Nice, easy to understand.

    • sam.azgor profile image

      Sam Azgor 4 years ago from Bangladesh

      very nice hubs that defines very technical and easy networking terms

    • profile image

      Anil.. 5 years ago

      Do you have any suggestion for improving Location update Success Rate with out changing T3212..

    • profile image

      Mengly 5 years ago

      Good information

    • profile image

      Ravi Singh 6 years ago

      simple and clear cell Reselection concept

    • profile image

      Debasish Nayak 6 years ago

      Useful information in short but detail is needed.

    • profile image

      Amarjeet 6 years ago

      Nice info for communication

    • profile image

      dilshad 7 years ago

      best info for mobile communication

      i like it

      http://mobileshard.blogspot.com

    • profile image

      dilshad 7 years ago

      best info for mobile communication

      i like it

    • profile image

      Arvind 7 years ago

      useful info for beginners

    • profile image

      Arvind 7 years ago

      useful info for beginners

    • profile image

      piya singh 7 years ago

      best information for distribution

    • profile image

      piya singh 7 years ago

      best information for distribution