ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Python vs. Java: Getting Started

Updated on December 25, 2010

The first thing to do before programming in Python and/or Java is to get the language on your computer. This includes getting the interpreter (these are interpreted languages) on your machine. If you have Linux (e.g., Ubuntu), the tools for programming in both languages probably come with your system. If you have Windows (or a super, super barebones Linux), you probably don't. You will have to download some files.

Java

To run Java programs (regardless of whether or not you want to code in them), you need the Java Runtime Environment (JRE). You may have noticed a request to install this when you first started using Windows and went browsing. Quite a few web sites use Java plugins. To develop code in Java, you best get the Java Development Kit (JDK). It comes with all the tools you need to code in Java - most importantly, the compiler and loader. You can get the JDK bundled with other tools as well, including an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) called NetBeans from the Oracle Java SE web site.

The IDE is important for Java for practical reasons. Java code, as mentioned in a previous article, is very verbose and can get long very fast. The IDE helps organize code (enforcing some conventions and providing auto-formatting features) and helps reduce the code to type with auto-completion. A downside with a lot of IDEs is that it usually takes up a lot of computer resources to run (particularly noticeable on less powerful machines).

Note that there are other great IDEs out there. I prefer Eclipse because of its huge developer community, [relatively] smaller size and resource footprint, and ability to handle other programming languages (including Perl, Groovy, and of course, Python). It is also free. Other good tools include JetBrains IntelliJ and Xinox JCreator. These have free (light) and paid (full) versions. You can find a more detailed listing in this HubPages article.

Python

To run Python programs, you will need the interpreter, which you can download from the Python site. There are several versions of Python. As of this writing, Python 2.7 is the latest widely used version (Python 3 is available but isn't quite totally adopted yet). The downloads also come in pre-built packages for different operating systems. These packages also come with a very useful IDE called IDLE. It is a lightweight (not resource intensive) and fast editor. Other popular include WingWare, ActiveState Komodo, JetBrains PyCharm, and of course, Eclipse.


So from my experience, here's what you need in a nutshell for Java and Python on Windows 7 (and XP).

Java: Download JDK 1.6 only. Download Eclipse for Java EE Developers (~ 220MB). Done

Python: Download the Python Version 2.7 Windows Installer. Done (I'm fine using just IDLE. Eclipse if I go nuts).

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • skyfire profile image

      skyfire 

      6 years ago

      Python and C/C++ is installed in ubuntu by default. All you have to do is install IDLE or work directly with notepad. In case of java it requires installation from software center.

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      vwong 

      7 years ago from Cambridge

      No, Sun Java does not come with Ubuntu. You'll have to download it.

    • profile image

      Elise 

      7 years ago

      What about for Linux? Does the Sun Java package come with it? I don't see it on my Ubuntu...

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)