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How Do Solar Chargers Work and When Would You Use One?

Updated on January 24, 2015
The Awesome Power of the Sun
The Awesome Power of the Sun | Source

Harnessing The Power of The Sun

Do you use solar chargers? Since the dawn of time man has worshipped the power of the sun and has been in awe of its power to light the planet and give heat to the Earth. Many of the early civilisations revered deities who were Sun gods; the Egyptians had Ra who sailed in his solar barque across the sky, the Greeks had Helios and Apollo, the Aztecs had Huitzilopochtli, and the Assyrians had Tammuz.

The sun gods were generally male and represented the energies of the daytime, of power, light and radiance, whereas female goddesses more generally were linked to lunar, nighttime energies of reflection, depth and feeling.

In modern times, we are able to view the sun in a more scientific, rational way, but are still painfully aware as to how important it’s light and power is to our everyday lives – if the sun didn’t rise one morning, life as we know it would soon end. So how can we harness the awesome power of the sun to our advantage in our everyday lives?

One of the ways that we can do this is by using solar energy for power, and this Hub is going to concentrate on solar chargers; how they work and when would you use them.


How many gadgets do you have that need chargers to power up the batteries? I bet most people have a phone, an ipod or mp3 player, a camera, a games console, an electric toothbrush and a laptop. In the ordinary course of things, you just stick the charger into an electric socket and let the gadget power up. But what do you do if you need to charge your gadgets and there is no electric socket to plug into? The answer could be a solar charger.

So how do they work? These gadgets have solar panels that when put into direct sunlight will convert the energy from the sun into electrical energy stored in your battery. The larger the solar panel, the more energy you get, and you can get solar panels that connect to each other to increase the amount of energy you are producing.

For a portable solar charger being used to juice up small devices, you can get one that has an internal battery. With an internal battery the sun’s energy gets stored in the device itself, and you can then charge your devices when you need to even if it is dark, or it is a stormy, cloudy day, and the device usually gets powered back up quite quickly. Some of them can get away with having only a 1 watt solar panel which is a cheaper option, and which would probably not be powerful enough to charge a device, but would work for the internal battery which would then in turn be powerful enough to charge your devices. On the downside, the internal battery will probably need to be replaced after a couple of years and is not environmentally friendly. You may also find that you have purchased a product that has a weak or faulty battery.

If you are just going to be lying on the beach and you want to keep your phone or ipod/mp3 player working, you can have a solar charger that plugs straight into the devices. Also, if you are in a very sunny region, you can work out how much power you need, and can probably get one with a large enough panel or connecting panels to keep most of your camp going! The downside of this is that no sun equals no phone or music. So you really need to work out what you want your solar charger for. However, this method is more reliable than using one with an internal battery, so for emergency and survival in the right conditions these are probably better.

The most likely scenario where you would not be able to plug something in to an electrical socket would be when you are on holiday; hiking or camping in the wilderness somewhere. So, one of the most important attributes of your solar charger is that it needs to be light and portable. After all you don’t want to have to haul another trailer or lug another outsize backpack just to keep your phone working, do you? Remember you could be charging your devices or batteries as you are walking.

Another important thing to note is that you ideally want one that is able to charge all your gadgets and appliances. It is very important that you check the product description to see if it will work with your devices. Quite often you may have to get the appropriate connecting cables separately or it may not work with your device at all. What is quite useful is if you get one that can also charge through the USB port of your computer, so that you can charge it up very quickly if you are near an electrical socket and there is no sun, and then use it to charge your devices later.

However, if you want to charge re-chargeable batteries, you would probably need a separate one designed especially for batteries. In addition, as you are likely to be using your solar powered charger outside, it is important that you choose one that has been weatherproofed. Also keep checking the connections when you are using your it to ensure that they have not become loose or clogged with dirt, and keep the solar panel itself clean and free from dust to optimise performance.

It is also important to note that the description of the output of these devices is based on optimum conditions of direct sunlight. If it is rated at 15 watts, then you generally get 1 amp per hour in direct sunlight. These conditions can be affected by the time of day, the time of year, the prevailing weather conditions or even whether or not the charger is behind a pane of glass. 10-12 watts is an average size for a solar panel, and bear in mind that the larger the solar panel, the more expensive the solar charger will be. So if you get one to use at home, bear in mind the average weather patterns of your locality, and how much use you are, in reality, likely to get out of your charger. Also, if are getting one purely to save electricity, how long would you have to use the it for before the saved electricity costs caught up with how much you paid for the device?

You might also want to consider getting a charge controller, as this will prevent your devices from over charging, helps to improve the quality of the charge and prevents accidental discharge from the charged battery.

As in all things, it pays to work out exactly what you need from your solar charger, how much you want to spend, and do lots of research and read reviews of the available products before you hand over your hard-earned cash.



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    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR

      CMHypno 

      7 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for reading about solar chargers, electricsky. You could charge all your small electronic devices from the same solar charger, if your device had the correct leads for the charger. I that you would have to pretty much assess it on a device by device basis

    • electricsky profile image

      electricsky 

      7 years ago from North Georgia

      Sounds like a wonderful thing. Thanks for sharing.

      Not being a person with too much experience in using solar charged energy would a solar charger be universal in charging all things or would you need different chargers; such as for charging the computer then the lights around the front of the home or the electric toothbrush, etc.

      Would adaptive devices work on the same charger or do you need different chargers for different size solar cells?

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR

      CMHypno 

      7 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for reading about solar charger Helene - the more that we can tap the limitless power source that is the sun the better, especially in regions of the world where there is a lot of sunshine

    • profile image

      helene.bliss 

      7 years ago

      wow! solar chargers are really useful. This proves that our technology is fast advancing and many things are invented to make our lives better. I am really considering to buy solar powered devices and I hope I can get one soon. Good Hub!

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR

      CMHypno 

      8 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for the passionate comment spartanking1978, and I agree that we should all be looking to be using as much sustainable energy as we can. Also we should all be looking to insulate our homes effectively and using fuel as efficiently as possible.

    • spartanking1978 profile image

      spartanking1978 

      8 years ago from Earth

      I try my best not to post links...bad karma;) Yet, I have come across a plethora of data indicating an exponential interest in PV and renewable forms of energy. Is this just a fad? Hopefully, if anything good at ALL can come from the crisis in the Gulf of Mexico...the citizens of the United States have an opportunity, no...obligation to "make things right." Demand strict renewable energy standards...the time for change is NOW!

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR

      CMHypno 

      8 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Glad you enjoyed reading about solar chargers, justinskier, and thanks for leaving a great comment

    • justinskier profile image

      justinskier 

      8 years ago

      Very Nicely done! Have you seen one of these before? They work great! check out my solar heater.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR

      CMHypno 

      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for the great comment Bryce. Technology is moving so rapidly these days, that I am sure that we will have to upgrade solar chargers and panels in the near future.

    • profile image

      Bryce Gray 

      9 years ago

      With all the photovoltaic gadgets flooding the global market lately it is sometimes difficult to really understand what you are getting. For example, a laptop computer solar charger. How old do you think the solar cells in that product are? What is each cell rated at? I would rather buy the solar cells and design my own, its easy and far more economical - cheaper. Also, in the long run...once you know how to do-it-yourself (DIY)...you could always replace a cell or two, which is typically the first problem you will face with commercial photovoltaic gadgets and panels.

      Bottom line, photovoltaic cells are rapidly evolving right now. Be prepared to upgrade any system within 6 months to a year.

    • emohealer profile image

      Sioux Ramos 

      9 years ago from South Carolina

      Still worth the investment, it doesn't require bright sunlight or extended times of sunlight, based on the quality of the sysem, you could be pleasantly surprised how much power is generated on a short, overcast day.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR

      CMHypno 

      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for another great comment emohealer. I haven't really invested yet in solar power at home, but one of the problems oF living in Southern England is the weather - it's a Sunday morning in July and it's trying to decide whether or not to rain! In winter you haven't a hope because the days are to0 short and there is generally cloud cover!

    • emohealer profile image

      Sioux Ramos 

      9 years ago from South Carolina

      Great information, an important subject as this is a renewable source of power. I have solar powered attic venting fans and solar panels for the well pump, 2 really great investments. The attic vent fans run 24 hrs a day without costing a dime.

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