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# Tutorial - MS Excel - How to Concatenate in Excel

The dictionary meaning of the term *concatenate is "link (things) together in a chain or series". *In Excel we use the *Concatenate* formula/function in order to combine the data in multiple columns into a single column.

## Concatenate Formula

**Concatenate( Text1, Text2,....)**

*Text1, Text2,.... *= Texts to be concatenated. References to the cells containing the texts

## Steps

1. Let us take some sample data in an excel sheet and concatenate the data from *columns A* and *B* into *column C.*

2. Click on the first cell in *column C *to insert the formula for concatenating

3. There are 2 ways to insert formula in the cell

- Select from the 'Formula Menu' in the top header
- Type the formula directly preceded by an
*"="*symbol

3a. Inserting the formula for concatenate using the formula builder menu:

From the top header menu, go to *Formulas **>** Text **>** Concatenate *

3b. Click on the first cell in *Column C, *type the "=" sign and start typing the name of the formula i.e., concatenate. A menu of formulas appears and you can select *concatenate* from the list.

4. When you click on concatenate, the formula is added in the cell and the formula builder appears on the right hand-side of the screen.

5. Click on the first cell in *Column A*, * "A1"* appears in the

*text1*field of the Formula Builder.

Alternatively, you can type "A1" as the first argument in your formula directly:

**=Concatenate("A1")**

6. Click on the first cell in *Column B*, * "B1"* appears in the

*text2*field of the Formula Builder.

Alternatively, you can type "B1" as the second argument in your formula directly:

**=Concatenate("A1","B1")**

7. Click on the '* Done*' button in the formula builder to get the concatenated result in the first cell of

*column C*

*Alternatively you can just hit enter after you are done typing the formula directly in the cell to see the concatenated result.*

8. To concatenate the remaining cells in the excel sheet, you just need to take the cursor to the bottom right corner of the cell *C1, *and drag it down till the end of the data so that the formula is copied into all the cells.

9. To concatenate more columns, use the '+' symbol in the formula builder and add more columns to concatenate

10. If you want to add an empty space between the columns in the concatenated data, add an empty space between quotes as *Text2* and the data to be concatenated as *Text1* and *Text3* respectively:

Text1 = A1

Text2 = " "

Text3 = B1

Alternatively, you can type "A1" as the first argument, " " as the second argument and "B1" as the third argument in your formula directly:

**=Concatenate("A1"," ","B1")**

This results in a concatenated string in *Column C, *with a space in between the *columnA* and *columnB* data

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