Ubuntu 10.10 Offline Upgrade (For PCs With Slow Internet)
Ubuntu 10.10: What's New (In A Nutshell)?
-Fast boot up times
-Pulse audio improvement
-Unity UI, gui (for Ubuntu Netbook Edition only)
-Gnome 3 not here yet; will be in Ubuntu 11.04
-Eye candy wise, barely any difference, still the same old, great OS we know. ;)
Next release of Ubuntu is scheduled for November 4th, 2010 - Ubuntu 11.04 Alpha 1 (Natty Narwhal).
2010 Sep 27, Update: The latest Ubuntu 10.10 Beta did not pop up any low disk space warning for my offline upgrade. Thinking that it's safe, I went ahead but ran into many errors. However, between following the hints on Ubuntu's setup error messages and me checking the Synaptic Package Manager, I managed to find out what was going on. Ubuntu detected and automatically placed all the files that did not install correctly onto the Synaptic Package Manager for me to reget. ;) Not that I haven't observed this before; just thought I'll describe this in detail this time round. ;)
2010 Jul 15, Update: I managed to upgrade my Ubuntu 10.04 to Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat using the same old instructions on this guide. I am not recommending 10.10 beta for the time being; I upgraded it on a spare PC and don't see much of a difference. Can't see any new UI features. Better to stick to current stable version. ;)
2010 Jul, Update: Will also work for upgrade to 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat), currently
at Alpha; as commented by a reader below.
2010 Apr, Update: Article updated with Ubuntu 10.04 contents; and will work for Ubuntu upgrade from 9.10 to 10.04 (Beta) "Lucid Lynx" and other prior versions. :)
Ubuntu Offline Upgrade 10.04 to 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)
Basically, an offline upgrade means doing an Ubuntu CD upgrade, rather
than direct from within Ubuntu itself using the Update Manager. You can also use this offline upgrade method to upgrade your WUBI (Ubuntu in Windows)
installation, and Ubuntu Alpha, Beta, or Release Candidate (RC) versions.
This article shows you how to do an offline cdrom update of your Ubuntu from version 10.04 ("Lucid Lynx") to 10.10 (aka "Maverick Meerkat") and is meant for people whose PC to-be-upgraded has a SLOW internet connection. Ubuntu ver 10.10 was released on the 10th of October, 2010. For those of you who are not aware of this, the 10 in 10.04 refers to year 2010 and the 04 - month 04. Hence, 10.10 equals Year 2010 Month 10.
- Make sure that your current Ubuntu distribution is up-to-date prior to doing the upgrading (-you must have all the latest available updates for your version) as you will get messages prompting you to connect to the internet for updating if it is not up-to-date.
Note: This means that if the PC to be upgraded has NO internet connection, this is not the solution for you. Either start afresh with a new Ubuntu or Ubuntu WUBI (Ubuntu Windows install) or search Google for "Ubuntu no internet upgrade".
- Have at least 800MB space available in your Ubuntu file system
- Don't be lazy! Do some reading on the latest release notes or at least skim through them. ;)
- Please note that you CANNOT jump versions when doing an upgrade. As long as your version is 8.04 and above, you should be able to follow this guide to upgrade to the latest and greatest version of Ubuntu. Just make sure that you upgrade incrementally this way: 8.04 to 8.10, 8.10 to 9.04, 9.04 to 9.10, 9.10 to 10.04, 10.04 to 10.10, 10.10 to 11.04 Natty Narwhal (when available). Or put in another way: Upgrade Ubuntu Hardy Heron (8.04) to Intrepid Ibex to Jaunty Jackalope to Karmic Koala to Lucid Lynx to Maverick Meerkat to Natty Narwhal . No jumps! If you're too far behind, it's better to just get the latest CD and install from scratch. Why is that? As you can see from the simple upgrade path above, assuming that 1 CD is 700 MB, you will have to download at least 2800 MB of files to upgrade this way!
Using a previous incarnation of Ubuntu some time back, my laptop was still running 8.10, what I did was to upgrade to 9.04 from within 8.10 in anticipation of upgrading to 9.10.
But, having upgraded to 9.04, I found the downloading time for the live upgrade was too long - that's when I chose to do an offline upgrade for 9.10 - and hence writing this hub to document my experience.
(Continued below after the installation pictures ...)
Ubuntu 10.10 Updating: Visual Guide
Ubuntu Bestsellers @Amazon
Get On With It:
1. Get the ALTERNATE installation CD here:
http://releases.ubuntu.com/maverick/ (Upgrade to 10.10) OR
http://releases.ubuntu.com/lucid/ (Upgrade to 10.04) OR
http://releases.ubuntu.com/karmic/ (Upgrade to 9.10)
DO NOT get the Desktop version. What you are looking for is an ISO file with "ALTERNATE" in its name - most likely - "ubuntu-10.10-alternate-i386.iso".
If possible, and ONLY IF you know how to, please reduce stress on Ubuntu's servers by downloading the torrent file which is at the bottom of the page.
2. Burn the CD
OR If you hate CDs, like me ... ;)
Just mount the iso file.
Go to a terminal (ie command prompt) and type:
sudo mount -o loop ~/Desktop/ubuntu-10.10-alternate-i386.iso /cdrom
Example: My iso file was saved to E: drive in Windows and I had to "go up" using Ubuntu's windows explorer equivalent to find out the path.
The command I used was this: "sudo mount -o loop /media/disk/Ubuntu/ubuntu-10.10-alternate-i386.iso /cdrom".
Note: The above refers to an Ubuntu upgrade without a CD or CDROM,
where you make use of the downloaded Alternate CD image to do an ISO Ubuntu
upgrade, direct from a hard drive.
Tip: If you run into low space error, bring up a terminal and run the following commands to clean junk files fr prev upgrade or updates:
sudo apt-get clean
sudo apt-get autoclean
sudo apt-get remove
3. You will see a pop-up window that says: "A distribution volume with software packages has been detected"
Click as per instructions on the screen. Updating will still take some time -less than 1 hr for me - but still less time than what it says on the window that does the updating.
If you cannot find any upgrade dialog, try holding ALT and press F2, then type this on the Run window:
gksu "sh /cdrom/cdromupgrade"
kdesudo "sh /cdrom/cdromupgrade" (in Kubuntu only)
TIP: When I started this article (using Ubuntu 9.04), cdrom and cdrom0 pointed to the same device, also the cdrom location was in "/media/cdrom" instead of in "/cdrom" now. Keep this in mind if you find that this is not working for you one day; check that your cdrom is actually located at "/cdrom" in Nautilus. If not, modify the cdrom path accordingly.
4. Done! And enjoy your new Ubuntu. :)
It's good to have it as a FREE maintenance OS, living side-by-side on the same partition with Windows. I have it just in case Windows decided to die on me but find myself using it more and more. ;)
Poll: Do you prefer more or less pictures?
Are there enough pictures in this hub?
In the previous 2 versions, it is not uncommon to find that after upgrading, you run into no audio or sound problems, so immediately after updating, check to see whether you have sound, and whether some problematic drivers still works.
IF you run into upgrade errors, DO NOT panic! Just follow any instructions that may appear on your screen. Most likely, Ubuntu will be know if any package did not install correctly and have a Warning icon on the taskbar for you to click on. If you are impatient, go to the Synaptic Package Manager, under Preferences. You should be able to find these packages under "Broken Install" or something similiar sounding.
PLEASE share with us how your latest Ubuntu upgrade experience turned out, like:
-Is it more stable than prior versions?
-Liked the faster boot-up speed?
-Still getting driver issues?
-Thinks it's getting worse?
-Missed the old brown color?