Upcoming Technologies I
Ever since the human race emerged, technology has existed. Over the last decade or so, however, there has been a greater technological advancements than there ever was before, combined. And so, it's obvious that technology is evolving at a frighteningly astounding rate. A way of knowing just how fast the technology is evolving is to take a look at the graph of Moore's Law. Moore's Law predicts that for every two years starting 1971, the microprocessor transistor counts will double. The graph has remained consistent in its predictions, and if the graph remains so for the years to come, we will achieve the level of transistor technology that people have only imagined before. Here are the five upcoming technologies:
At the University of Houston, assistant professor Cunjiang Yu and his colleagues has discovered a groundbreaking technology, which was inspired by the color-change of the cephalopods at the presence of their predators. This color-change is possible because the cephalopods' skins consist of several layers of specialized cells that are activated by tightening of their muscles. The result of the discovery was a device that replicates this natural occurrence through the use of pixels, actuators, light sensors, reflectors, and color-changing materials. Each pixel in the 16 by 16 pixels device change colors based on its surroundings, in just a few seconds. The light detectors are what detects the environment and heating diodes are what changes the color of the pixels (through heat-activating a material that changes color once heated). As of now, the device is only capable of changing into color black and white. However, Yu states with certainty that the device will eventually be able to change colors according to the full color spectrum. This technology can greatly enhance military technology and even be used for consumer electronics.
Source: University of Houston
First Man-Made Tidal Lagoon
Tidal Lagoon at Swansea Bay will become the world's first man-made. The energy-generating giant could power over 155,000 homes. Tidal energy is one of the renewable energy source that is technically limitless in its quantity. This Eco-friendly energy source is said to be able to power around 20 percent of the United Kingdom's current electricity needs. The lagoon wall structure will be constructed at 9.5 km length and the turbine housing at 550 meters. The tides at Swansea Bay has a range of up to 10.5m, making them ideal for producing energy. The development group stated that the lagoon would provide energy of 320 MW and up to 120 years of sustainable electricity. They also said that the lagoon will also be home to recreational, educational, cultural, and conservative activities. Planning and marine license decisions are expected in early 2015
Source: Swansea Bay
Graphene-Treated Rubber Bands
Graphene is used in solar cells to super-capacitors. Through the combination of graphene and rubber bands, researchers from University of Surrey and Trinity College Dublin, were able to create very cheap body motion sensors. Through the combining of the two materials, the rubber bands became electrically conductive, while maintaining its stretchy nature. Therefore, if this "device" was to be connected to a power source and then stretched, its subtle movement would trigger a detection of the currents flowing through them. The device will be capable of sensing breathing, and muscle movements. The most important characteristic of this invention is the fact that it's so cheap. Because the device is so cheap, it can revolutionize medical sanctions at developing countries, where the funds are very limited.
4.4 Trillion Frames per Second
Two Japanese Universities (University of Tokyo and Keio University) have developed a new STAMP (Sequentially Timed All-optical Mapping Photography) system that is claimed to be the world's fastest camera. The camera is capable of taking pictures at a resolution of 450 x 450 pixels. The camera is also so fast that it can capture a photography of the conduction of heat, which travels at a speed equivalent to one-sixth the velocity of light. The researchers stated that the camera uses a method called femto-photography to capture images in a single bursts. This is said to be done through the utilization of ultra-short laser pulse that is split into a pattern of discrete separate pulses , which images the target object as successive flashes. In consequence for such high-speed image capturing system, the device itself is more than 3 sq ft.
Naturally Cleansing Swimming Pool
In most swimming pools that we use today, chemical treatment through chlorine is the most common. The itchy red eyes, foul-taste in the mouth, and chlorine-odor on your body are the hassles of swimming in a chlorine-treated pools. However, there is a swimming pool where people don't have to deal with those annoyances. In Switzerland, the Naturbad Riehen swimming pool relies on biological filter system to provide a chemical-free, clean, and natural water. Located just outside of Basel on the Swiss-German border, the town has over 20,000 residents. The concept of chemical-free swimming pools have been around for decades, but their concepts are said to come no where near the natural technology of the Naturbad Riehen.
Source: Naturbad Riehen