What are missiles?
Missiles are same like rockets in shape and principle. On the top of rocket there will be experimental equipment or human related things, then it will call as “launch vehicle” (LV).if on the top there are any war related weapons it will call as missiles.
The vehicle will travel with very high speed.it will pierce our atmosphere. There will be an immense friction with air which we cannot imagine. There will be very big friction on the top ‘nose cone’.in this temperature normal substances will get melt.so the nose cone will be made up of heat resisting materials. There will be another arrangement to remove the hot and separated coatings.
In normal case the when launch vehicles reaches the vacuum the nose cone will evolve and separates. The equipment will come out for the respective purposes. When atmosphere area gets passed there is no need of sharp corner and heat resisting bodies. But in missiles there will be bomb inside the nose cones. This is called as war head.in case of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM) there will be nuclear bomb inside. This will fall on the earth .there is a chance to blast this with in the atmosphere itself because of friction in air.so the requirement of heat resisting cover is necessary through out.in some time we need some small rockets on the reverse direction to reduce the speed. These rockets are called Retro rockets.
There is different types of missiles are manufactured by different countries. “Earth to earth” for destroying tankers. “From earth to air” to destroy jets. “From jets to earth” towards ships. “From air to air".
The history of missiles.
The first time missiles used for war were by Germans. When Hitler ruled Germany. , Seventy years before.in that liquid fuels were used. There were no controls on it.so we cannot predict where it will fall. History says that the first time missiles are used by the king from India “Tippu”.He used this against British soldiers in 14th century. That was not like now a days missiles.that was used to confuse the opponent soldiers.