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Which is more important: Passive or Active Fire Protection?

Updated on July 11, 2016

When you think about fire protection installation, you might be thinking about smoke detectors, sprinkler system and fire extinguishers. However, fire protection is more than that. Yes, they are all part of the system. But what you

don't know is that fire protection installation in Sydney and other parts of the world are

composed of two systems: Active and Passive. Active Fire Protection or AFP is a group of systems that need action or motion for it to work

during the fire. These actions could include pulling the trigger or turning on the switch. Examples

for fire protection installation under AFP include smoke alarm systems, sprinkler systems, fire

extinguishers and fire fighters. Smoke alarm systems alert you when a fire breaks out or when there is smoke in the building. Sprinkler systems, on the other hand, are used to help put out small fires or slow down the

growth of the fire. Fire extinguishers are used to put out the fire altogether. Passive Fire Protection or PFP is the opposite of AFP, wherein no action is required for it to

function. PFP includes fire protection installation that helps compartmentalise the building and

stop or slow down the spread of fire. Compartmentalising the building or the house helps in preventing the fire from spreading one

room or level to another. PFP includes fire/smoke dampers, fire doors, and fire walls. Fire

dampers help control fire through its ductwork while fire doors help keep out the fire for a certain

period of time. So which one should you invest in? You might think that because you have active fire protection

services, you no longer need passive fire protection. For holistic fire protection coverage, invest

in both AFP and PFP. You’ll never know when your fire extinguisher or smoke alarm will fail

you, so it is better if you have back up fire protection services. For top of the line active and passive fire protection installation

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