Yes. Several people at my last company were in the same position. The "gold standard" in this situation is the "Effective C++" series by Scott Meyers. I believe that there are three books in this series: "Effective C++ , "More Effective C++" and "Effective STL". I think that this is the order of their popularity.
The STL is quite large, though not all aspects of it are widely used. However, from what he writes about that in "Effective STL" you would not know that. So be careful there.
I also liked "The Design and Evolution of C++" by Bjarne Stroustrup, the creator of C++. You can see why C++ developed the way that it did. I found it to be fascinating.