You raise an interesting question. While Microsoft may be behind in the technologies that you list they are the market leader in video game console (Xbox 360), PC operating systems, and enterprise server operating systems.
Given Microsoft's dominance in these areas I highly doubt that they will die in 10 years. Microsoft is a huge company with much more going on than we have even listed here. Certainly times are changing but one also has to ask whether a company has to be the market leader in order to survive. I do not believe that is the case. Look at RIM...how in the world are they still in business? Not that I think RIM and Microsoft are even close to being in the same situation but just because Windows Phone is not market leader does not mean that it cannot be successful. Having said that, I do believe that Microsoft needs to gain market share in the technologies that you have listed. Are they too far behind at this point to do that? I think that remains to be seen. Android OS is kicking everyone's butt in smartphone sales but I do not hear anyone asking if iOS is going to die. Anyway, that is just my two cents.