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Your Definitive Guide Into How to Use a Mac, its History, and a Comparison
What is a Mac?
A Mac is a computer made by Apple. It looks different than a Windows computer in which the Close, Minimize, and Maximize buttons are to the upper left while in Windows Computers, these buttons are to the upper right. You run apps through the dock and you can install them through the dmg file extension....Just drag and drop and that's it. There's a spotlight window and you search for programs, books, and websites, and it pops up on the page. To bring up Spotlight, just press Command+Space at the same time. There's a Finder and there's a smart finder. The Smart Finder is where you make your searches and you get to search for files and save your results for later. That's the basics of a Mac.
Mac OS El Capitan Tutorial
History of the Mac.
The first Mac was created by Steve Jobs (God rest his soul) in 1983 and it was expensive. The first Mac was called the Macintosh 128K and it cost $2,975 to consumers. It had 128 Kilobytes of HDD and operated on 2 KB of RAM. It's successor, the Macintosh 512K, was the second Mac that Steve Jobs created. It had 512 KB of HDD and 4 KB of RAM at the time, which can be upgraded to 8 KB. The first MB Hard drive wasn't created until the late 1980s and early 1990s. From then on, it kept growing.
The RAM improved too. The first MB RAM wasn't created until the mid-1990s. Moore's law states that exponential growth should continue until the RAM can't grow. In the year 2004, the first 1 GB RAM was created, but the first GB Hard Disk wasn't made until the mid-1990s, and then the rest is history. Today, We measure space in GB (Gigabytes) and TB (Terabytes) We measure Ram in GB also. and Moore's law will continue to evolve until around 2020 when it will die.
By 2025, we should see our first 1000 TB Hard Drive, or Petabyte (PB) and we should see our first TB of RAM. By 2029 or so, The average supercomputer will surpass human intelligence, and by the 2040s, the average PC will surpass human intelligence. If you want to find out more about Moore's Law, then check this page out. Or check this page out.
What is Moore's Law
Moore's law was first hypothesized by Gordon Moore in 1965. He observed that in the 1970s, processing power was doubling in size every year, and that chip size was shrinking at an exponential rate as well. So, in the mid-1970s, he adjusted his calculations so that the processing speed would double every 18 months and that the processor size would shrink by a factor of 2 every 18 months as well. As the years passed, the rate remained steady, until the late 2000s and the early and mid-2010s.
Now, Moore's law is dying, and the end of the silicon era is upon us. Silicon is what's used in processors. In the Early 2010s, the processor size shrinking rate slowed to a factor of 1.5 every 21 months, while the processor speed continued its inexorable march toward unbelievable quantities. By 2015, the processor speed averaged 3.4 GHz and had almost 16 GB of RAM. The processor speed rate slowed from a factor of 2 every 18 months to a factor of 2 every 27 months. Moore's law was dying, so much so, that Apple came out with LPDDR3's instead of DDR4's in their newer 2015 models. In 2017, Apple released their new iMac Computers, with DDR4s.
The End of Moore's Law and the rise of Quantum Computers.
How to set up a mac
Here are some steps you need to do in order to set up your mac. First, you Buy a mac. Macs nowadays cost $500 for the low end mac, which is currently a 1.6 GHz Mac Mini. up to a maximum of $4,000 for a Mac Pro. Then, you set the mac anywhere you want, but it has to be in a level table. Then, you start a mac, and, depending what version of the mac you've got, you see an X on your screen.
You select a language, whether it be english or Spanish or French or Arabic or any language you speak. Make sure you have your keyboard and mouse or trackpad with you, as you can't do anything else without them. Next, select your keyboard language. The language varies depending on your keyboard. Next, with your mouse or trackpad, select the computer language. Next, select the Timezone from your timezone menu.
Depending on where you live, you may need to select that time zone for that city. Or, just have your computer automatically detect the timezone for you. Next what you want to do is connect to an internet provider. Mac computers are wireless, so you might need to check the "I have a wireless connection" bullet. Depending on what network you have, you may have to search for your internet's wireless name and password.
Enter it when you have the necessary information. Then, Enter your computer name. It can be any name, as long as you remember it. Then enter your personal information, and choose your password for your computer. Then, it asks if you want to use your applecare product thing. This is optional, and you should only use it in case your computer fails later on.
That's it. You're done. Now, your computer will reset. When it comes on, wait for the computer to load The first thing you should see is your login screen. Enter your password. You should see the default screen. Now, you're free to use your mac whenever you want.
Unboxing And Setting up the iMac
Example Mac OS (El Capitan)
Basics of a mac.
A Mac is like a machine. It has an OS. The Current OS is High Sierra.
Since OS 10.9 with Mavericks, They were naming OSs after places in California, the state where Apple Headquarters is in. Previously, they were naming OS's from 10.0 up to 10.8 after big cats, Like OS 10.7 is Lion, while OS 10.10 is Yosemite. Basically, you have the dock. The dock is where you have your stored programs. In the left-hand side of the dock are your programs.
Then, there's a separator, and the separator is where you can change the size of your dock and change the position of the dock. On the right hand of the separator are your folders. You can choose which folders you want, and it provides a shortcut to your folders. You can also provide a shortcut to a folder on your desktop by right clicking on your mouse or by clicking with two fingers on your trackpad on the folder that you want to send the shortcut, and click on create an alias.
You can also do that by dragging the folder that you want to have as your shortcut and dropping it on the dock. It creates a shortcut on the bottom of your screen. You can also do that to your programs. Just drag and drop. You can have a new Finder window by pressing Command-N in Finder. In fact, you can do this for any window by clicking Command-N You can search for files in Finder. Just go to Finder and search for a file, and the results are in. There's smart search, where you search a particular file on a particular day.
That's integrated into Yosemite and versions since. Then there's spotlight, where you search a keyword, and it searches your Mac for words close to the description. The tutorial video above for OS El Capitan will show you the hidden features of the operating system. For those of you who don't have a trackpad, middle click works the same way as left clicking. When you middle click (using a 3-button mouse or a mouse with a scroll button) on an image or a link, it usually clicks on the link or the image.
November Update: Since Sierra, Apple has integrated Siri, an iPhone voice, into the Mac. Since High Sierra, Siri sounds more human-like. Also, High Sierra supports Metal 2. That means that you can access more of your graphics card.
Here's a tip: To switch between programs, or if you want to get out of a frozen program, use Command+Tab for ease of use.
Do you know that you could create files by a program called Terminal? There's this thing that if you type touch and then the file name and extension, you have a file extension with that file name. Of course, you would have to find that file extension. It's usually in you subfolder named /user/camp. You can do a lot of stuff with Terminal. The guide for Terminal is here. And it works for any Mac. You can make a new directory with the program. You can also make a new program with Terminal, but this requires a little more knowledge of programming before you start to get into the complicated stuff of Terminal. Then, there's the advanced terminal. For instanced, if you don't want your computer to sleep for an extended period of time to let that youtube video finish, you can type -caffeinate, then the number of seconds that you want to keep that computer awake. If you type in 7200, that means that you'll have 7200 seconds, 120 minutes, or 2 hours to go do whatever you want.
Differences between a windows and a mac.
Windows and Mac are the same in every way. They are both Operating Systems that can hold programs. They have programs and such. The key difference is that Macs are for people who don't know about computers, while Windows targets those people who know a lot about computers.
That's according to one article. There are big differences between Windows and Macs. Windows are better for Games because of how highly customizable their operating systems are, while Mac's are only geared toward Casual fans. Windows is more prone to virus attacks while Apple is safe against malware. Apple offers better customer service than Dell, Asus, HP, IBM, and Alienware combined.
Apple has a very up-to-date design. Windows has more software that is readily available. I found that information on the 9 Key Differences Between Macs and PC's. The article also mentions third-party software that allows you to run windows programs on a mac. I recommend VMware Fusion Pro or Parallels, but you can get Oracle's Virtualbox for free.
VMware Fusion Pro costs $200, while Parallels costs $100 for business. Whichever one suits your needs, you need to know that you need a Windows CD in order to properly download the OS. Otherwise, you would need a disk image file, or iso file, to download your Virtual Machine. I highly recommend you visit Microsoft's Virtual Machine website for more information or download a BitTorrent Client like uTorrent and download a Virtual Machine ISO File. You do need a Windows key for using the Virtual Machine.
My Choice of Apple Brand
My choice Apple brand would be the Apple iMac, simply because it's an all-in-one computer. All-in-one computers are just that, they come with everything you see on the computer; they come with a processor, a hard drive, and the memory sticks, although recent models don't have the CD Insertion module within them. Recent models come with an external CD Module and that comes with the All-in-one. My other choice would be an iMac Pro, which is going to take you beyond the limits of the iMac.