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The How-To Beginners Guide to Playing Guitar
The How-To Beginners Guide to Playing Guitar
Have you always wanted to play the guitar, but never found the time? Or perhaps you've never found a teacher or guide that worked for you. Regardless of the past, this quick beginners guide will show proper technique and basic knowledge to get you started on the path to rock stardom!
I've been playing the guitar leisurely for over 6 years, without any professional lessons, but always within a common group of like-minded musicians. I've developed a comfort with the mechanics and passions involved and would like to encourage others to make the hardest step of learning, by starting!
What You Need to Start!
1. Patience - The most important aspect; understand that proficient skill is the product of dedication and hardwork
2. A guitar! - Electric or acoustic will work, but make sure its tuned by using an electric tuner, a friend with a musical ear, or if you're feeling ambitious learn yourself through many easy to find online sites
3. Guitar Pick - Depending on how your style evolves as you learn, you can decide for yourself on a type, gauge, or whether you use a pick at all.
4. A Comfortable seat - Preferably armless, where you can set your guitar comfortably on your right knee (Left knee for Left-handed players)
YouTube - Guitar Tuning
Here are a few youtube videos to show you how to quickly and accurately tune your instrument.
Standard Tuning Notation
A to G, The Only Key You Need!
All musical notes are constrained to the pitch scale, as described by notes A through G, with sharps(#). These are simply the note steps as defined by the pitch of the vibration. I'm not going to get too technical here, but this is a very important basis for all musical instruments, and is worth researching greater to understand the complete depth and intricacy of music theory.
For future reference, the pitch steps are: A, A-sharp, B, C, C-sharp, D, D-sharp, E, F, F-sharp, G, G-sharp, ...after which the cycle repeats itself. Notice that every note has a sharp(#) EXCEPT B and E.
As I said before, these are note steps. Assuming standard tuning (90% of tunings), each open string of your six string guitar, when strummed, will ring these major notes from top to bottom (heaviest string to lightest) E, A, D, G, B, e. (the first and last string are both E). Try strumming each open string in this order...notice the climbing tone.
Also, know that the note rung by the 5th fret of any guitar string will match the open note of the string below it..EXCEPT for the case of the G & B strings (the fourth to fifth string), here the 4th fret on the G (fourth string) will match the open B (fifth string).
Now as shown in the chart, if we start by strumming the top E-string open, and then the first fret, second, third, fourth, and fifth..we get the notes "E, F, F-sharp, G, G-sharp, A". Now notice that the fifth fret and the next open string are both the A note. See?
Also, continueing up the fretboard will eventually lead back to the E-note, once you hit the twelfth fret. This is called an octave, and occurs after every twelves steps for any note.
This may be confusing at first, but will soon become natural instinct to you in time. This is all I'm going to cover for now, so lets get to playing a simple riff!
Smoke on the Water - Deep Purple
Every Players First Song (Almost)
In my experience, many, many people pick up smoke on the water as a very first riff when starting guitar. This is most likely because it's a very common song, it's an idealic rock song, and best of all it's easy to play.
Shown below is a common tablature (tab) setup. Many online sites show entire songs laid out in this notation. The left to right dotted lines represent the corrosponding string on a guitar as viewed from the player, therefore the lightest string (e) is at the top and the heavy string (E) is on the bottom. This version of smoke on the water is played all on the E-string. If your unfamiliar with tabs, this picture simply shows the order of notes to strum.
So the note order for this riff as described by the tab is:
open -> 3rd fret -> 5th fret // open -> 3rd fret -> 6th fret -> 5th fret // open -> 3rd fret -> 5th fret // 3rd fret -> open
Try it now, check the youtube link below to hear the song.
There! that's your first riff, and a classic one to boot!
Additional Simple Rockers
Easy to Learn Songs
Here are a few more songs like Smoke on the Water that should be easy to pick up, and keep you interested in playing. I always found that learning something quick, but satisfying like these helped keep me motivated.
ACDC - TNT
Black Sabbath - Iron Man
White Stripes - 7-Nation Army
Eric Clapton - Sunshine of Your Love
Queen - Another One Bites the Dust
Ozzy Osbourne - Crazy Train (intro)
Metallica - Wasting My Hate (intro)
To find a tab for these or any other songs try sites like:
These tabs are user submitted, so they can vary greatly not only in accuracy, but skill required, as there are different ways to play many songs. For now, try to find the one with the least amount of numbers and additional info, for simplicity sake.
Basic Chords - Musical Building Blocks
Chords are a collection of tones sounded together at once. It can be composed of notes played on a few or all the strings together, and are most often defined by the bass note pitch. Chords can be optimized for many different purposes and playing styles.
The seven chord shapes above show the major shape for each musical pitch. Using just these basic chords, there are literally thousands of songs you can play by following the timing and key changes.
Chords, although simple in concept, take time and patience to master. you will need to train your fingers to make these shapes quickly and accurately, and in the process build up the calluses on your fingers to avoid blisters and such. Don't expect this part of playing to come quickly, but retain your determination, because learning proficiency with these basic shapes will open up countless possibilities in playing and creating music.
I've found this site to be very helpful in mastering shapes and correct fingering involved with chords: http://www.8notes.com/guitar_chord_chart/
Sweet Home Alabama - Lynyrd Skynyrd - Basic Chord Progression
If you've reached a comfort level with chords, try your hand at this! Sweet Home Alabama is a feel-good song played with three simple major chords: D, C, and G. If you're not familiar with the rhythm or flow of the song, check out the youtube video below, then using the lyrics as a guide, try to follow the chord changes. Listen to the song timing closely to feel out exactly where this change occurs, it should be fairly easy.
Minor Chords - For the Deeper Emotions
Think of a song that feels very emotional to you. It could be the lyrics, or the way its sung, but chances are a large part of that emotion comes from a minor chord rooted within the progression. Minor chords have a wayof producing a deeper emotional "product" than majors, and when used properly, can be very powerful. Song can be composed of any number and type of chords, but generally a song with all major chords will feel happy, and a mix of both or all minors, will be portraying more passion and feeling.
In technical terms, a minor chord is a chord having a root, a minor third, and a perfect fifth. For simplicity, I'd just like you to notice that the only difference between the basic minor chords and their major's is one simple note. However, this simple change causes a massive change in feeling, and such is the beauty of minor chords!
Green Day - Boulevard of Broken Dreams
This song uses E-minor (Em) in the chord progression, and shows the deeper emotion of the minor chord, as compared to something like Sweet Home Alabama. Give it a try, again the youtube video is loaded below.
Other Golden Chordies!
If you're looking for similar songs with simple, rhythmic chord patterns, I would recommend the following:
Pink Floyd - Wish You Were Here
Eagles - Take it Easy
Eric Clapton - Wonderful Tonight
The Beatles - Let it Be
Toby Keith - Beer for My Horses
Oasis - Songbird
Allman Brothers - Ramblin' Man
Zac Brown Band - Toes
Again, visiting the tab sites I mentioned, or searching google with a song followed by "chords" will give you almost any tab you want!
The Root of Rock
Power chords can be fun and are quite easy to play. They are used in all types of music, but most often associated with hard rock styles of music. Power chords are not technically chords as they only have 2 different notes, whereas an actual chord needs 3 notes or more.
As I said before, power chords are easy to play, but lend very little harmonic texture to a song. They do not have a major or minor third interval, which is the defining feature between major and minor chords.
Additionally, a lot of players seem to get caught in the power chord trap. They learn how to play power chords, and avoid learning the real chords. This is a major mistake. Learning chords is one of the most important things a guitar player can do. It does not matter what style of music you are interested in, you cannot avoid learning your chords!
But that being said, take a look at the power chord chart above. If you look back at the minor and major chords, you will see that the power chord just takes the root note, the perfect fifth interval, and a repeat of the original root, twelve steps up...remember, this is called an octave!
Above, to the right, you'll find a tab of the intro and main riff to Hashpipe by Weezer. This is just a quick example of power chord notation, but give it a try. Power chords like this can give a faster, melodic feel with relative simplicity!
More Interesting Concept Tunes
Here's a list of tunes that combine some interesting playing concepts to give you a little more variety and practice in a range of areas"
Ozzy Osbourne - Mama, I'm Coming Home
The Animals - House Of the Rising Sun
Led Zeppelin - Tangerine
Kansas - Dust in the Wind
Metallica - Fade to Black
Led Zeppelin - Stairway to Heaven
Eric Clapton - Classical Gas
Neil Young - Needle and the Damage Done
All For Now
I'm going to leave it there for now, but more content to come in the future. Hopefully this lens has given you a good overview of the basic concepts and mechanics of guitar playing. The las piece of advice I'd like to give you is to stick with it, and have patience. As a guitar player, you will always be learning and improving, and I hope you find the experience to be as rewarding as I have!
A I said, hopefully I'll find time to add lots more content. but for now, why not leave a comment in the guestbook for me. Any feedback is appreciated, as this is my first lens. Let me know what you thought, and what you'd like to see more of!
Thanks for stopping by, and in the words of Neil Young "Keep on rockin' in the free world"!