ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What Is Wifi? A Guide To WiFi For Beginners

Updated on October 7, 2007

A Place To Learn The Fundamentals

Many moons ago I started hearing all this talk about WiFi and how wonderful it was, and when I asked someone "What is Wifi?" I was given a complicated explanation that left me with more questions than I started with. I mean, what the heck is "IEEE 802.11" anyway?!

So I did some more research and over time I gained a decent understanding of what WiFi was, all the time making sure I looked for the easiest definitions to digest so that if anyone ever asked me, I'd be able to give them a clear explanation rather than rambling away in techno-jargon, only to see their eyes glaze over as they lost comprehension.

Eventually I decided to put the knowledge I'd found together into a blog. You can check it out here. As I knew the blog would grow larger and longer the more information I put in it I decided to put together this lens where I could present a more compact view of WiFi, and then point people to the blog should they care to know more.

So the topics below are summaries of what I have discussed on my blog. I'll add a new summary for each blog post I make, but if the summary doesn't do it for you be sure to head to the original blog post in it's entirety via the links in the "Want More Info About WiFi?" section below. If you find this lens helpful at all please don't forget to give it a rating :o)

Understanding The Basics

Wondering What WiFi Actually Is In Layman's Terms?

"WiFi" is the nickname for Wireless Fidelity - high speed internet and network connection without the use of wires, cables and other stuff you can trip over.

In a lot of ways WiFi is easier and cheaper to set up and run than a wired network - mainly due to the whole "lack of wires/cables" aspect, and allows you to move your computer quickly and easily around your home without having to worry about where the closest phone socket is kept. It also allows you to connect multiple computers to the one internet connection, quickly and easily.

Outside the house, WiFi is steadily growing it's global coverage. While it doesn't have the same range as Cell Phones yet, it does allow simple, easy remote access to the internet or your home/company network whenever you happen to be within a "hotspot".

WiFi is the sort of technology that will fast become second-nature in everyones lives, like Television and Cell Phones have done before it. One day in the not-too-distant future we'll be wondering how we ever suffered with cords and cables lying about the place for so long. You'll wonder why it took you so long to get on board. This is freedom for the 21st century, pure and simple.

How Does WiFi Work?

Just How Can I Surf The Net Without A Phone Cable?

I know it might sound nuts - how can all this information that I'm currently uploading and downloading from my computer through a phone cable be transmitted "through the air?!" Well I'm glad you asked.

WiFi works, in essence, exactly the same way a Television or Cell Phone works. They don't have cables attached to them for transmitting information and neither will your computer once you start using WiFi.

Basically, WiFi uses radio waves to transmit the information to and from the internet or your computer network. When a website wants to communicate with your computer it sends the information to your modem as it does now on your wired connection, then the information is passed on to a wireless router, which then converts it to radio waves and beams it to your computer. You computer then interprets the radio waves with the help of installed hardware/software specific for wireless networking. The reverse process occurs when your computer needs to communicate to the internet. All this to-ing and fro-ing happens a lot faster than it took to explain it. In a lot of cases a wireless connection is actually faster than a wired broadband connection.

One of the fundamental differences between WiFi and your Cell Phone, however, is that WiFi operates on a much higher frequency (2.4GHz or 5GHz), as opposed to Cell Phones which work below the 1GHz level. The higher the frequency the higher the amount of data (information) that is able to be transferred.

With one wireless router in your home you can connect multiple computers to each other and the internet, without any cables connecting each computer to it's brother. In the techno-savvy family of today that spells a great convenience, as Dad can be working in his study, Mum can be chatting to her friends, and Son and Daughter can be in their own rooms researching homework assignments - all at once on individual computers. In my day (back in the dark ages of the internet), our family would have to take turns to use the one computer, and then there would be the obligatory fight when someone had been using it for too long.

Nowadays the only real problem is, how am I going to afford multiple computers for my family?

What Are WiFi Hotspots?

And How Do I Find One?

Hotspots are areas where WiFi radio signals can be picked up by your computer. At home, a wireless router (such as the one shown at right) does the job to make your entire home a hotspot.

Away from home hotspots can be found in most airports, libraries, hotels and a growing number of cafes, as well as other places. There are people known as "Warchalkers" who, once they have found a WiFi connection at a particular spot, will write the necessary connection details on a nearby wall in, of course, chalk. This practice can be illegal in certain jurisdictions, although the laws are generally unclear at this time.

As more hotspots appear the WiFi coverage will expand and WiFi will become a more widely used and popular alternative. Eventually WiFi coverage will be no different from the Cell Phone network we take for granted.

There are currently a number of websites that post the locations of WiFi hotspots in your area. These include, and

What's The Beef In Beefing Up WiFi Security?

Addressing The Matter Of Security

In this age of identity theft and credit card fraud it's easy to understand the concerns of security when it comes to transmitting sensitive data across the airwaves. Fear plagues the wired network enough, so it's natural that a wireless network should have increased suspicion surrounding it.

Thankfully there are plenty of things you can do to increase the security of your wireless connection, to the point that it is as safe as the safest wired one.

The following list of precautions will only cost you a bit a time to set up:

* Turning off the file-sharing feature on your computer

* Updating your operating system on a regular basis

* Password protecting your computer and any protected files

* Only transmitting emails containing sensitive information through a secure, web-based email site (those that start with https:// in the address bar)

For a nominal cost there is various software you can install to beef up security. These include:

* Personal firewall alongside good anti-virus software

* Encryption software used to encode data sent across a wireless connection (Most sites that require you to enter credit card information are secure anyway, but it's better to be safe than sorry).

* Use of a Virtual Private Network (VPN). Probably the best way to protect your information when using public WiFi areas such as airports, libraries, etc. A VPN creates an impenetrable shield linking your computer to the site you are accessing. Think of it as trying to access a train that is parked in a tunnel, the only ways in are at either end of the tunnel itself.

Security is a major issue these days and rightly so. At home your wireless router produces a range that extends beyond the size of most homes - allowing people with the knowledge and know-how to use (in effect steal) your connection just by sitting out the front of your house in the street. Also, hackers target public access areas such as airports, as they know that public access areas do not carry their own security - it's up to the individual to take the precautions themselves. This lack of security however, should not be a deterrent from switching over to a wireless connection, as by following the recommendations above you will be more than secure on your network and internet connections. In fact, if you do follow all the points above it's safe to say your wireless connection would be more secure than most people's wired ones.

What Do I Need To Get Started

How Does It All Come Together

Apart from your computer, the most important piece of equipment you'll need is a wireless router. This is used to convert digital signals to radio waves and vice versa. It is the hub of your wireless connection and any computers within range and carrying the correct hardware will be able to access the internet effortlessly.

Next you'll need a wireless network adapter. This plugs into your computer and is used to communicate with the wireless router. The adapter converts the radio wave signal sent by the router into a digital signal that the computer can understand. Adapters come in two forms, the ones that plug into an external slot on your PC or laptop, and ones that attach to your motherboard, inside your computer.

Once you have your router and adapter you can connect to the internet on a wireless network. You will probably already have an Internet Service Provider from when you were using a hard line connection, and you will be able to continue with this ISP if you so choose to. Additional wireless protection software is recommended.

The above is what you need for a basic home set up for one computer. Additional work is required for multiple connections at home, or at a business.

Great WiFi Products Available At - Essentials For Your Home or Office Wireless Connection

Below are a number of products you'll need or should have to get the most out of your WiFi experience.

Linksys WRT54G Wireless-G Router
Linksys WRT54G Wireless-G Router

The Linksys Wireless-G broadband router is really three devices in one box. First, it's a wireless access point, which lets you connect Wireless-G or Wireless-B devices to the network. There's also a built-in four-port full-duplex 10/100 switch to connect your wired-Ethernet devices. Connect four PCs directly, or daisy-chain out to more hubs and switches to create as big a network as you need. Finally, the router function ties it all together and lets your whole network share a high-speed cable or DSL Internet connection.

Kaspersky Anti-Virus 6.0 [OLD VERSION]
Kaspersky Anti-Virus 6.0 [OLD VERSION]

Kaspersky® Anti-Virus 6.0 combines traditional anti-virus defense methods with the latest proactive technologies to provide solid and dependable protection against malicious programs. Great for beginners and more advanced alike.

VMware Workstation 5.0 for Windows
VMware Workstation 5.0 for Windows

VMware Workstation is powerful desktop virtualization software for software developers/testers and IT professionals who want to streamline software development, testing, and deployment in their enterprise.

VMware Workstation 5.0 for Linux
VMware Workstation 5.0 for Linux

Workstation 5 is desktop virtualization software for software developers. Whether you're working as a software engineer, tester or IT professional, it will help you streamline software development, testing and deployment in their enterprise.


Check Out These WiFi-Related Videos

Got a topic relating to WiFi you'd like to see addressed here? How about a correction to something you've read above? Or you could just drop a message to say Hi. Any feedback is welcome.

So What Do You Think? - Here's Your Chance To Let Me Know

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      David 17 months ago

      Of all the techno Dummies I know, I'm the dumbest. Your lens gets 5 stars +, and my grateful thanks! (I'm 76 yrs young). Durban, South Africa.

    • profile image

      peter 20 months ago

      can this apply to a tv?

    • profile image

      abhay 3 years ago

      If I use wi - fi network then whose wi-fi I use kno about me

    • mihgasper profile image

      Miha Gasper 6 years ago from Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU

      Very informative lens, I like the part about security. I think security is biggest issue when we are talking about any data exchange. We just have a scandal about folk who sold medical data of some patients to insurance companies and law firms. I believe security of data transfer will even gain importance of the future.

    • profile image

      Electrified 6 years ago

      Hi, Nice Blog..Interesting I am from India Have an MTNL Triband Connection. i want to buy a wireless modem or router for home. i have a PC And a Laptop.Though not a through Geek.. :) Kindly Advise me.

      Also would like to know what exactly is the difference between wireless modem and wireless router.Kindly advice me on the same.

    • Squidoo For You profile image

      Chris 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Excellent lens explaining what wifi is for beginners . How about adding some wifi adapters on an ebay or amazon module, as they are cheap and there are lots of free wifi hotspots about i'm sureyou would get a a few sales& commission!

      Take a look at my lens about protecting your wifi network from hackers

    • profile image

      jgelien 7 years ago

      Someone finally explained WiFi in a way I could understand. Thanks for the lens.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Decent amount of info on wireless networks for the newcomer , cheers

    • profile image

      jeolaa 10 years ago

      Nice lens. This is great start to pinpoint about the wifi knowledge and ideas. Step into the similar site for Software Development Software Development and surf stuff about Software Testing Software and Software Testing Types.

    • donm207 profile image

      donm207 10 years ago

      Great info about wireless, nice lens to!

    • profile image

      benlagat 10 years ago

      Thanks for the effort. You have produced a wonderful lens .The information you have given is quite enlightening and it is actually worth sharing it out with others. I am impressed that you were able to assemble such valuable information about WiFi signals.I believe that your software has undergone thorough tests to ascertain its effectiveness.Thanks for the good work.Please visit is an interesting a site which delves in detail into why software testing forum is very important to manufacturers and why software testing forum is essential to computer users as well

    • profile image

      JayKish 10 years ago

      Nice lens! I have never got this type of information yet. I like this...

    • profile image

      annhenson12 10 years ago

      This is one true great lens! I am giving you five stars for that. Your unselfish work of sharing your knowledge, ideas, tips and links about wifi will make you achieve more than you expect. I honestly didn't get to understand the full cocept on this thing before but reading your lens made me fully understand it. Thank you! Let me share to you one equally great lens as yours they provide valuable ideas, information and links on software testing development and procedures. You got to see it for yourself!

    • teamlane profile image

      teamlane 10 years ago

      Blessed by a Squid Angel today! :)

      Colleen ~

    • profile image

      beachbum_gabby 10 years ago

      I love wifi! I'm using it right now. ^__^

    • profile image

      mg100796 10 years ago

      Hey! Check out my site!

    • profile image

      cryan 10 years ago

      How we like it - and as they say in the British Army "Keep it simple - STUPID!"

      Kind Regards

      C Ryan

      Special Forces Adventure Training


    • profile image

      eUndies 10 years ago

      Great lens! Now I know how my laptop links to my pc! =)

    • beeobrien lm profile image

      beeobrien lm 10 years ago

      Very clearly explained. Nice job. 5*

    • profile image

      powerspirit 10 years ago

      nice work, very informative.

    • profile image

      caseysellers02 10 years ago

      Great lens! I am rating this five stars. What a great satisfaction to me to learn this interesting thing about wi-fi. Honestly, when I heard about it 2 years ago, I became interested but I am so embarrassed to ask questions. Thank you for having this lens, it did give me so much knowledge. I would like to share you a lens which I came across with software testing procedure Same useful and helpful lens as yours. They provide links and facts on software testing which are of great help too. Go check it out to see more!

    • profile image

      FireTown 10 years ago

      Very nice lens, congratulation on making the lens of the day.

    • profile image

      Dynamite8 10 years ago

      You did a great job! I could have used this about a year ago.

    • driewe profile image

      driewe 10 years ago

      Very good and to the point. 5 stars

    • profile image

      kathysuggests 10 years ago

      Great, and informative lens, I have been using a Wifi connection at and never knew what it is. I must say that Wifi is the future of internet connectivity and it is here with a high speed where people will be able to stay connected anywhere in the world. Wifi have been modified for the better through Software Functional Testing. Those software companies which give due importance to the software testing phase can only withstand the market.

    • profile image

      hkmars 10 years ago

      Good information for wifi!!


    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago


      Excellent Lens, Rated 5 Stars. Have a peak at my lens - satellite TV on PC review.

      Dan ;)

      Make sure you join my fan club

    • darkhairedgirl profile image

      darkhairedgirl 10 years ago

      Great lens! We're so spoiled now :) I can't imagine living without Wi-fi, and of course my laptop

    • darkhairedgirl profile image

      darkhairedgirl 10 years ago

      Great lens! We're so spoiled now :) I can't imagine living without Wi-fi, and of course my laptop

    • profile image

      DebMartin 10 years ago

      Wow. Thanks. This was just in time for me! And so easy to understand, my, my. Nice!

    • profile image

      DebMartin 10 years ago

      Wow. Thanks. This was just in time for me! And so easy to understand, my, my. Nice!

    • profile image

      happy-jack 10 years ago

      The intro given for this lens is one of the

      best bits of witting ever hard to live up

      to, that Megen. Thank you for a great lens

      and keep on going, or truck en.

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Hi,cardsagogo Great Lens. I have also created a lens in same niche . Hope u like it Here’s a brief intro:

      click here

    • profile image

      JanPro 10 years ago

      like it

    • archetekt lm profile image

      archetekt lm 10 years ago

      Wi-Fi is great! What did we ever do without it? It's hard to imagine going without it now.

    • profile image

      Renegade-Dream-Builder 10 years ago

      Awesome lens clear and informative with no fluff.

      Deffinitely a 5*.

    • profile image

      billyannecrews 10 years ago

      wifi..hmm. I see it yet I still don't understand it! ....but, your lens does help decipher it for me!

      Billy Anne Crews

    • profile image

      tophe 10 years ago

      good stuff

    • lens4Him profile image

      lens4Him 10 years ago

      Great lens which explains it all very well. When I was a kid a wireless was a radio :)

    • Moondial profile image

      Moondial 10 years ago

      So much clarity, even though I'm a tech, this would be great for my clients. :)

    • profile image

      wiper 10 years ago

      Great post about Wifi. i've gave it 5 stars.


    • SmBizGuru LM profile image

      SmBizGuru LM 10 years ago

      Yippee - WhooHoo! Congratulations on you LOTD. WiFi is such a cool subject. It's fascinating how it all works. I've had wifi in my home for about 4 years - just this year I began using a wireless printer. It's mind boggling how it all works. 5* lens!

    • profile image

      StacymomBiz 10 years ago

      Very well deserved LOTD! Keep up the great work :-) 5 stars from me!


    • collagen lm profile image

      collagen lm 10 years ago

      Great lens with plenty of useful and practical information. Thanks for sharing. Health, Beauty and Anti Aging Skin Care

    • profile image

      site-builder 10 years ago

      I have a lens on VOIP and have used it for over two years but I have been interested in WiFi too and your lens really gave me the complete skinny on this new technology. High-Five

    • profile image

      PricePiece_Marketing 10 years ago

      Great and informative lens. 5 stars!

      Thanks for the information.

      Video Email Marketing

    • waynekat profile image

      waynekat 10 years ago

      This was super useful. Thank you and congrats!!

      Happy Squidding


    • grannyann lm profile image

      Ann Scaling Tucker 10 years ago from Enid, OK

      Nice and informative lens. We have a site with similar subject matter:

      check us out.

    • GreenRevolution profile image

      GreenRevolution 10 years ago

      Hi Peter. Congratulations on achieving LOTD! You have definitely simplified how WiFi works. Great Job! 5*s and Happy Easter.

    • RyanRE LM profile image

      RyanRE LM 10 years ago

      Nice work on this lens. Personally, I love WiFi. In fact, I recently blogged about the importance of securing WiFi connections. ***** to ya!

    • Signhappy profile image

      Signhappy 10 years ago

      Excellent lens. I had a vague idea about this stuff, but you made it so clear. 5 stars, and thanks.

    • teamlane profile image

      teamlane 10 years ago

      Excellent timing for a LOTD. We are traveling this weekend hoping to find hotspots along the way. I'll keep this lens handy. Oh, congrats on LOTD and a Squid Angel Blessing to ya! :)

    • profile image

      RinchenChodron 10 years ago

      Very informative and useful 5 out of 5! Way to go.

    • rob-hemphill profile image

      Rob Hemphill 10 years ago from Ireland

      What a great lens and well deserved LOTD. This is really useful info for beginners and all alike. Layout is brilliant, good job 5* definitely.

    • Nancy S Oram profile image

      Nancy Oram 10 years ago

      I brand new at this and this lens presents a great model of how to organize and illustrate useful information.

    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 10 years ago

      Thanks for demystifying WiFi, and congrats on LOTD!

    • Valery504 LM profile image

      Valery504 LM 10 years ago

      That's really good lens! I use wi-fi, but it was interesting to find more about it:)

    • Valery504 LM profile image

      Valery504 LM 10 years ago

      That's really good lens! I use wi-fi, but it was interesting to find more about it:)

    • SteveAtkinson profile image

      SteveAtkinson 10 years ago

      Nice lens. Great Job

    • TriviaChamp profile image

      TriviaChamp 10 years ago

      Congrats on lens of the day. Well deserved.


    • profile image

      mktplace 10 years ago

      WiFi - how did we ever live without it?

    • profile image

      MashedPotatoHead 10 years ago

      Fantastico lens!

      I didn't know much about wifi and this gave me a much better basic understanding of it and how it operates, plus very good resources I can follow up with. Thanks!

    • JonitasKalimpo profile image

      JonitasKalimpo 10 years ago

      great work this guide! My network is based on wifi.

    • CliveAnderson LM profile image

      CliveAnderson LM 10 years ago

      Some excellent information details and ideas. I like what I have seen and read. A very well thought out and put together lens. 5 stars etc...

      Kind Regards

      Clive Anderson

    • aka-rms profile image

      Robin S 10 years ago from USA

      Congratulations on LOTD! Great informative lens!

    • tonyab lm profile image

      tonyab lm 10 years ago

      Very nice lens! There are more and more people every day needing to know this info - very helpful! 5*'s.

    • profile image

      poderico 10 years ago

      Very useful with many resources.

    • profile image

      Nolan_Emmett 10 years ago

      Ah Ha ....... at last somewhere to send people for a simple straight forward explanation. THANKS!

    • profile image

      ShortSaleRealtor 10 years ago

      great lens and congrats on LOTD

    • profile image

      peterobot 10 years ago

      An excellent lens, your comments on security are very true. At home I also use MAC address filtering.

      MPG CAPs

    • GypsyPirate LM profile image

      GypsyPirate LM 10 years ago

      You've explained this wonderfully. Congratulations on Lens Of The Day!

    • carrieokier profile image

      carrieokier 10 years ago

      Hi- great lens, nice work. Answered some questions for me!

    • Clairwil LM profile image

      Clairwil LM 10 years ago

      Wow! Even I understood this- the true mark of a clear beginners guide!


    • petermurray profile image

      Peter Murray 10 years ago from Izmir, Turkey

      Great work. Please write more lenses like this on other tech subjects.

    • Lamar Morgan profile image

      Lamar Morgan 10 years ago

      California has a $10 billion debt problem. How could wifi help pay it off? Could wifi advertising splash pages help? If every school, government office and storefront small office became a wifi hot spot and created a splash page ad for a small business as part of the Terms of Service to access the wifi and a small portion of the fee to advertise went to a Paypal account to help pay down the debt, do you think that would help? I know that sounds simplistic, but so does increasing the cost of lottery tickets and auto license tag fees. At least here the advertiser is cost-effectively spreading his message in addition to helping his state get out of debt.

    • pylemountain1 profile image

      pylemountain1 10 years ago

      Very useful lens - congratulation on your Lens of the Day.

    • profile image

      LeslieBrenner 10 years ago

      Congratulations on winning LOTD! You've done an excellent job explaining WiFi.

    • LHNMentor profile image

      LHNMentor 10 years ago

      I appreciate you putting that in laymans terms. Been looking at a blackberry with wifi but didn't totally understand it. Now I have much better knowledge. Thanks

      Congrats on lense of the day!

    • Kiwisoutback profile image

      Kiwisoutback 10 years ago from Massachusetts

      Great lens! Good to know about the VPN, we use hotel wifi all the time.

    • HealthfulMD profile image

      Kirsti A. Dyer 10 years ago from Northern California

      Excellent review of the information for some of us who are a bit new technology challenged. I had one of my students mention wifi this semester and didn't have a clue what she was talking about.

    • profile image

      AdriennePetersen 10 years ago

      So THAT'S what Wi-Fi is! Congrats on LOTD, 5 stars!

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 10 years ago from Southampton, UK

      Congratulations on LOTD. This is a great article for novices who don't understand networking. Nice to see you featured the Linksys routers, these are the best rated and very reliable compared to some other makes.

    • profile image

      bdkz 10 years ago

      Great lens! Congratulations on LOTD!

    • Fox Music profile image

      Fox Music 10 years ago

      Thanks for the great information, WiFi is a handy tool.

    • AllHorses LM profile image

      AllHorses LM 10 years ago

      Congrats! :)

    • Music-Resource profile image

      Music-Resource 10 years ago

      Hi Cardsagogo, Nice Wifi lens. Good job on covering the fundamentals and I like your security tips section. Congrats on LOTD :) ~Music Resource~

    • profile image

      deep1 10 years ago

      Great place to learn!! The concept has been explained so comprehensively that any net savvy would love to read it.

      Thanks for the excellent efforts and Wihing you ATB!!

    • Retro Loco profile image

      Vicki 10 years ago from USA

      You know you're a nerd when you drive around town with your 75-year-old dad holding your laptop looking for a hot spot just so you can check your email. It was a learning experience for Pops!

      Congratulations on building a great lens & making LOTD!!! WiFi is the greatest invention since sliced bread.

    • JenniferAkers LM profile image

      JenniferAkers LM 10 years ago

      Excellent information! I've wanted to go the Wifi route, and now I'll know exactly what I need to do it safely. Congrats on the LOTD!

      Jennifer Akers

    • ChristopherScot1 profile image

      ChristopherScot1 10 years ago

      Wifi Rocks! Great lens and congrats of lens of the day.

    • profile image

      duncan_dj 10 years ago

      good job man.. very informative lens.. useful informations on wifi technologies and its features..this lens educated me a lot on wifi technologies.. thanks for sharing such an usable informations and 5 stars rated for your is also a similar kind of useful information on Software testing concepts , an interesting site about Assurance Software Testing, Jobs In Software Testing and Software testing concepts.

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Great lens! This is an excellent guide for WiFi beginners! Very comprehensive and the basics are really covered. Another great tutorial related to the IT field are Software Testing Tutorials . It also covers the fundamentals for those who have ventured into software testing. Software development has been very instrumental in changing how the IT industry works and software testing is just as important, hence the need for software testing tutorials.

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Very cool game lens. 5 stars.

      This Shirt Rocks

    • Showpup LM profile image

      Showpup LM 10 years ago

      Fabulous lens!

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Peter, You have answered so many questions that I had. Very informative lens!Excellent. 5 stars

    • Sensitive Fern profile image

      Sensitive Fern 10 years ago

      Great lens addressing one of those questions that's been lurking around in the back of my mind a lot lately. Thank you. *5 stars*


    • ellenb lm profile image

      ellenb lm 10 years ago

      Very informative. I had heard of WiFi before but never really knew what it meant. Thanks for clearing a lot of my questions up, Peter


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)