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Largest Cities in the World

Updated on October 31, 2013

The factor that determines the rank of the world’s biggest cities, in this article, is population. The total area, urban development, industrial growth, trade and commerce, science and technology, and economy were not considered while preparing the list of biggest cities. The biggest cities are the most populous cities in the world.

Tokyo, Japan


Location: Japan; Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area

Area: 848 square miles (2,197 square km)

Population: 37,126,000

Landmarks: Imperial palace, National Diet Building (parliament), Ginza shopping district, Tokyo National Museum, Kasumigaseki district (which contains government offices), University of Tokyo, Keihin Industrial Zone, Ueno Park (the site of a science museum, a zoological garden, and art museums)

#1 Tokyo

Tokyo is the capital city of Japan and one of the three economic centers in the world. Other two are Shanghai (China) and New York (United States). From a small fishing village Edo, Tokyo developed into a largest Japanese city in the 17th century, and became the capital of Tokugawa rulers (1603–1867). Edo was named Tokyo, literally eastern capital, only in the 19th century when Meiji period ended Tokugawa reign. During the Tokugawa shogunate, Japanese imperials lived in Kyoto, however, after Meiji Restoration of 1868, capital was moved to Tokyo.

Tokyo is a prefecture (administrative subdivision ruled by a chief magistrate). The two islands Ogasawara and Izu in Tokyo metropolis include administrative districts, industrial zones, residential suburbs and mountainous area.

Jakarta, Indonesia


Location: Indonesia; Northwest Java, at the mouth of the Liwung River

Area: 255 square miles (661 square km)

Population: 26,063,000

Landmarks: City Squares Medan Merdeka and Lapangan Banteng; Portuguese Church (built in 1695), Old City Hall, now a municipal museum (originally built in 1710); the National Archives Building; the Presidential Palace, Monumen Nasional (National Monument), the Istiqlal Mosque, the National Museum, the Hotel Indonesia (the first high-rise building in Jakarta), the Senayan Sports Complex, Taman Ismail Marzuki, an art centre, Ragunan Zoological Gardens, and the Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature) park.

#2 Jakarta

The city of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is believed to be the remnants of the civilization dating back to 324 BC. However, the written history of Jakarta begins when the locals defeated the Portuguese in 1527 and named the city Jayakerta, literally glorious fortress in Indonesian language. In 1619, the Dutch captured Jayakerta and destroyed the city. In the ruins of Jayakerta, the Dutch East Indies established the capital and built a walled city named Batavia.

In the early 1800s, the Dutch extended the city. Between 1920 and 1941, Jakarta was thoroughly modernized and developed. Japanese occupation of Jakarta during the Second World War ended colonial rules. The city was named Djakarta during the Japanese occupation. After the war ended, Allies occupied Jakarta and handed to the Dutch. When Indonesia gained independence in 1949, Djakarta became the official name and the capital city of the country. Jakarta was announced a province in 1966, and Djakarta became Jakarta.

Seoul, South Korea


Location: South Korea; northwestern of the Han River and west of Yellow Sea

Area: 234 square miles (605 square km)

Population: 22,547,000

Landmarks: The remains of the 14th century fortifications; the old city's four major gates: Bukdaemun (Great North Gate), Tongdaemun (Great East Gate), Namdaemun (Great South Gate), and Sodaemun (Great West Gate); the National Assembly building, Gyeongbok Palace of Choson (Yi) dynasty; the royal shrine of Chongmyo, and the royal altar of Sajikdan

#3 Seoul

Seoul, the capital city of South Korea, is home to more than half of the South Korean population. Seoul was the capital city of the entire Korean peninsula before the partition of Korea into North Korea and South Korea. Seoul, literally capital, is the centre of politics, economics, education and culture in South Korea. Even though the common name of the city was Seoul throughout the Korean history, it was officially called Hanseong during the Choson (Yi) dynasty (1392–1910), Hanyang in the 14th century, and Gyeongseong during the Japanese rule (1910–45). The city was officially named Seoul after South Korea was founded in 1948.

Koreans had settled in and around Seoul for thousands of years. The city was a place of strategic importance during the reign of different dynasties. In 1394, Yi, the founder of Choson (Yi) dynasty made Seoul the capital city of Korean peninsula.

Delhi, India

India Gate, New Delhi, India
India Gate, New Delhi, India | Source

Location: India; West of the Yamuna River, a tributary of the Ganges, sharing borders with Uttar Pradesh, and the state of Haryana.

Area: 573 square miles (1,483 square km)

Population: 22,242,000

Landmarks: Rajpath, a broad central avenue, National Stadium, the India Gate, the Central Secretariat buildings, the Presidential House, Connaught Place, Chandni Chowk, Lotus Temple, Indraprastha Estate, Ramakrishnapuram, Chanakyapuri (the Diplomatic Enclave), Chittaranjan Park and Karol Bagh

#4 Delhi

Delhi was named after the king Dhilu, who ruled the city in the 1st century BCE. During the times of Hindu as well as Muslim rulers, Delhi was the center of trade, commerce, culture, and politics. The British shifted the capital of British India from Kolkata to Delhi in 1911. Delhi remained the capital city even after India gained freedom from Britain in 1947.

Delhi consists of two cities, Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi, which is 360 square miles (932 square km), is the old city, and New Delhi, which is 169 square miles (438 square km) was extended by the British. Delhi, which consists of 9 districts, is the national capital territory and Delhi Union.

Shanghai, China


Location: China, Coast of the East China Sea, between the bay of Hangzhou and the Yangtze River

Area: 2,400 square miles (6,200 square km)

Population: 20,860,000

Landmarks: Shanghai Port, the world's largest seaport; Huangpu, the central Shanghai urban core, Pudong, the industrial zone, founded in 1870; the Lujiazui finance and trade zone, the 88-story Jin Mao Tower; the Shanghai Number One Department Store, the Shanghai Mansions Hotel; Caoyang New Village, the Railroad Village and the Telegraph Village, the 13 miles long Shanghai sea walls, Chinese Academy of Sciences, The Dashijie (Great World), centre of theatrical art, founded in the 1920s; the Shanghai Museum, the Shanghai Revolutionary History Memorial Hall, 16th-century Yuyuan Garden, the Temple of Confucius, the Longhua Pagoda, the Industrial Exhibition Hall, Hongkou Arboretum and Stadium, the Shanghai Gymnasium, Pudong Park, Longhua Park, and Fuxing Park

#5 Shanghai

Shanghai, the fifth largest city in the world, is also the largest city in China. Shanghai is in Shanghai municipality, which consists of industrial area, business districts, rural and urban suburbs and agricultural hinterland. Shanghai municipality has the status equivalent to province. Beijing, the capital of China, is the center of Chinese arts and politics, where as Shanghai is the financial capital.

Shanghai known as Shen or Hudu was a small rural settlement until 7th century. It emerged as a city during the Song dynasty (960–1126). Until the middle of 19th century, Shanghai’s economy was largely based on cotton plantations. In 1842, Chinese lost Shanghai to Great Britain. After the Treaty of Nanjing, Shanghai became a trade center for the British, French, and Americans. After the China-Japan war (1894–95) foreign investment flocked in Shanghai. Prior to the First World War, the Japanese had control over major industries in Shanghai. However, much of the industries were destroyed during the China-Japan war (1937–45). Shanghai’s economy suffered after it fell to the Communists in 1949. However, after 1960, it was rapidly modernized.

Manila, the Philippines


Location: The Philippines; the island of Luzon, at the mouth of the Pasig River, along the eastern shore of Manila Bay

Area: City area 15 square miles (38 square km); National Capital Region, 246 square miles (636 square km)

Population: 20,767,000

Landmarks: Malacanang Palace, the presidential residence, Manila North Harbor, Manila South Harbor, 16th-century San Agustin church, the Fort of Santiago, Rizal Park; the Manila cathedral, Sangguniang Bayan (Municipal Assembly), the Philippine Cultural Center, the Folk Arts Theater, the Metropolitan Theatre, the National Library, the National Museum, the National Institute of Science and Technology, the Planetarium; the Kamaynilaan Library and Museum

#6 Manila

Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, was completely destroyed in the Second World War, and from the rubble, Manila developed as the industrial city and the international port of entry. Manila and the 16 adjacent cities were integrated in Metropolitan Manila, to be operated as a single administrative region, in 1975. The city was originally called Maynilad, which was named after flowering plant nilad. Maynilad was later shortened to Maynila and then to Manila.

Prior to Spanish occupancy in 1571, Manila was a walled Muslim settlement. Spanish destroyed the old settlements, built the fortress city of Intramuros, and established the capital of the new colony. They built churches, convents and schools. Manila was attacked by the Chinese in 1574, the Dutch in the mid-17th century, and the British in 1762. However, the 1763 Treaty restored Manila’s ownership to the Spanish. Under the Spanish rule, Manila became a centre of foreign trade. In 1898, Spain lost a war with United States and the city became the headquarters for the U.S. administration of the Philippines. When the independent Republic of the Philippines was established in 1946, Manila became the capital of new the country.

Karachi, Pakistan


Location: Pakistan; In the Sindh province, on the coast of the Arabian Sea, northwest of the Indus River Delta

Area: City area 228 square miles (591 square km); Greater Karachi, 560 square miles (1,450 square km)

Population: 20,711,000

Landmarks: Karachi harbour; the four arterial roads - Nishter Road, Mohammed Ali Jinnah Road, Shahrah-e-Liaquat, and I.I. Chundrigar Road; the Arts Council of Pakistan, the Ghanshyam Art Centre, the Bulbul Academy, the Katrak Hall, the museums of ethnology and Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara, the University of Karachi, the Liaquat Memorial Library, the Gandhi Gardens, Fatima Jinnah (Burns) Gardens; swimming and fishing beaches such as Paradise Point, Hawkes Bay, Sandspit, Manora, and Clifton; the Karachi Zoo, the National Stadium

#7 Karachi

Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan; however, Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan. The name Karachi is believed to have derived from the village of Kalachi, which existed in the coastal area in ancient Karachi. Large parts of Karachi is covered by urban settlements, industrial and business areas. Karachi metropolitan area also consists of several rivers, hills, agricultural land and wasteland.

The prospects of a small village grew when traders began to move to Karachi, in the early 18th century. In 1795, the Talpura tribe gained control of Karachi from the Khan of Kalat and built a fort. In 1839, the British occupied Karachi and established an army headquarters and began using Karachi as the principal port. The British extended the city, they introduced river-streamer and built railways. By 1914, Karachi became the largest port of the British Empire. After the First World War, Karachi was developed as an industrial city. Karachi was the capital city of Pakistan when it gained independence from Britain in 1947. However, in 1969, capital was moved to Islamabad.

New York City, the United States


Location: the United States; on the mouth of Hudson River and southeast of New York state

Area: 305 square miles (790 square km)

Population: 20,464,000

Landmarks: the Statue of Liberty, the United Nations Headquarters, Wall Street, Broadway, Seventh Avenue, Fifth Avenue, Madison Avenue, Greenwich Village, Tammany Hall, City Hall, Times Square, Central Park, Yankee Stadium, the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the Metropolitan Opera Association, the New York State Theater, the New York City Ballet,

#8 New York City

New York, a port city and the heart of New York Metropolitan Area, is not only the most populous city in the United States but also the city with highest population density in the world. New York City is spread over the western sections of Long Island, Staten Island, Manhattan Island, and a small portion of the New York state mainland. For the past two centuries, New York has remained the United States and the world’s wealthiest city.

Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to reach the New York shores. He named the place Santa Margarita in 1524. In 1662, the Dutch West India Company established a new settlement of New Amsterdam in Manna-hata Island. In 1626, Peter Minuit, the Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam, bought area from the Native Americans. In 1664, the British took control of New Amsterdam and renamed after James, the Duke of York. Following American War of Independence, the British evacuated the city in 1783.

In the capacity of the capital of the Confederation (1785–90), New York hosted Presidential inauguration of George Washington, the first meeting of Congress, and the first sessions of the Supreme Court. The New York City lost the status of political power when the capital of the United States was moved to Philadelphia, however, it continued to develop as the center of trade and commerce.

Sao Paulo, Brazil


Location: Brazil; on the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean, sharing borders with the state of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Parana, and Mato Grosso do Sul

Area: 95,834 square miles (248,209 square km)

Population: 20,186,000

Landmarks: Santos, the largest coffee-shipping port in the world; Museum of Sacred Art, the Carmo Church (built in 1632), the Sao Francisco Church (originally built in 1676), Dom José Gaspar Square, Mário de Andrade Municipal Library, Copan Building (1950), the 46-story Itália Building (1956), the Republic Square, the Ramos de Azevedo Square; the Municipal Theatre, City Museum, Padre Anchieta Museum; the Patio de Colegio, the Martinelli Building, the Sao Bento Monastery, Municipal Market; the Santo Ifigenia Viaduct, a cast-iron pedestrian walkway originally built in 1930

#9 Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo, the capital of Sao Paulo State, is the largest and the most developed city in Brazil. The Sao Paulo State is not only Brazil’s most populous state where one-fifth of total population live, but also the most economically productive region accounting half of the country’s production and manufacture.

When the Portuguese arrived in 1532, the indigenous tribes Tupi-Guarani and Tapuia inhabited Sao Paulo. The city of Sao Paulo was founded in 1554 but was not named Sao Paulo until 1681 when it became the Portuguese capital in the region. The city was named after Saint Paul.

In 1822, Brazil’s independence from Portugal was announced in Sao Paulo. Sao Paulo became a province in the new Brazilian empire. However, when Republic of Brazil was formed in 1889, Sao Paulo became a state.

Mexico City, Mexico


Location: Mexico; the State of Mexico

Area: 571 square miles (1,479 square km)

Population: 19,463,000

Landmarks: Aztec temple, the 44-story Torre Latinoamericana (Latin American Tower, built in 1956); the World Trade Center; Chapultepec Castle, the Independence Monument, the Pemex fountain, Plaza de la Constitución; Zócalo; the Metropolitan Cathedral, National Palace, Municipal Palace, City Hall Torre Latinoamericana, the Colonia Roma Palace, Xochimilco canals, Templo Mayor of the Aztecs, the Antigua Basilica (1695–1709); the Palace of Fine Arts; the National Autonomous University, the National Palace, the Aztec Stadium, Azul Stadium; Plaza México, the largest bullring in the world; Chapultepec Park, Desierto de los Leones Estrella National Park

Have you traveled or lived in any of these cities?

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#10 Mexico City

Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, refers to a city, a Federal District as well as the metropolitan area. Mexico City is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. One-fifth of country’s population live in Mexico City, it also accounts one-fourth of gross domestic products.

The Mexico City was founded by the Spanish conquerors in 1521, on the rubble of Tenochtitlan, the cultural and political center of the Aztec empire. The name Mexico is derives from the language of indigenous inhabitants. There are numerous World Heritage sites in Mexico City.

Mexico City has been a center of trade, commerce, politics, and religion since 13th century. Aztecs settled in the inland basins of the Valley of Mexico in the early 14th century. Aztecs united with Mexica tribe and founded the city of Tenochtitlan on the western edge of Lake Texcoco in 1325.


Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2012)

10 Biggest Cities in the World

Tokyo, Japan

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Jakarta, Indonesia

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Seoul, South Korea

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New Delhi, Delhi, India

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Shanghai, China

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Manila, Philippines

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Karachi, Pakistan

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New York City:
New York, NY, USA

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Sao Paulo:
São Paulo, Brazil

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Mexico City:
Mexico City, Federal District, Mexico

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© 2013 Vinaya Ghimire


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    • profile image


      4 years ago

      This cities are big yo !!!

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      it just show me effect of global warming

    • Whirlwindinmyhead profile image


      4 years ago

      Asian cities take the lead! :)

    • cmoneyspinner1tf profile image

      Treathyl FOX 

      5 years ago from Austin, Texas

      I knew New York would make the list!

    • acaetnna profile image


      5 years ago from Guildford

      Wow what great photos and information ... totally awesome .... thank you!

    • Smireles profile image

      Sandra Mireles 

      5 years ago from Texas

      Great informative hub about the cities in the world. Loved the images. Voted up and helpful.

    • angryelf profile image


      5 years ago from Tennessee

      I want to visit Tokyo and NYC, since I've never really been in the city. Could never live in them ever! Visiting them would still be amazing though, a new experience! Great hub!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      5 years ago

      I have not had the pleasure of visiting these cities, but would love to some day. You have made it all so very interesting and it is a great way to experience the beauty of these places.

    • Mary Cimeni profile image

      Mary Cimeni 

      5 years ago from Philippines

      Great hub! I love these cities.!

    • Elias Zanetti profile image

      Elias Zanetti 

      5 years ago from Athens, Greece

      Interesting and informative hub!

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      It is amazing to see how organized many of these places are in comparison to the less populated in regards to public transportation.

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker 

      5 years ago from Taos, NM

      Very interesting and informative article. It is also interesting that New York City is the only U.S. city on the list. The majority of the populous areas are in Japan, Brazil, Indonesia, China - the rising areas of the world. Asia is going to become the center of the world someday as most of the population is living there. Thanks for the info on these countries and I can see the world trend becoming Asian.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      5 years ago from New Delhi, India

      This is a very interesting hub with lot of information!

      Wonderful pictures and nice compilation and basic information about the biggest cities of the world.

      Thanks for sharing!

    • AvineshP profile image

      Avinesh Prahladi 

      5 years ago from Chandigarh

      Being an India, I was only aware about Delhi. Thanks Vinaya Ghimire for making us aware of the biggest cities across the globe, through this hub.

    • JPSO138 profile image


      5 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Very informative hub. I am from the Philippines and I have visited Manila on several occasions. It is a nice place but the traffic is heavy.

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      5 years ago from southern USA

      Wow, Vinaya, this is an excellent hub here! Very interesting and I realize how little I know of the world's population and I will have to admit there were two cities I have not even heard of ... : ( ... I am certainly no world traveler to say the least! At least I get to travel the world and learn new and fascinating things via your hubs.

      Your choice of photos add much interest and are so beautiful.

      I have never even been to NY City, but my daughter has been a couple of times. Maybe one day I will get to travel the world and experience many new cultures.

      Up and more and sharing

      God bless, Faith Reaper

    • ExpectGreatThings profile image


      5 years ago from Illinois

      This was a fun and very informative read! And you found some stunning photos! Nice job on the New Delhi one :) - Ginger

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Hi Vinaya,

      Your hubs are always so interesting and this one is no exception.. I have visited New York City and Mexico City.

      Hope you are well and having a good weekend.

      Voted up and sharing

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Thanks for excellent article on the cities.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 

      5 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Fantastic hub with interesting statistics. Good compilation and information. What is more interesting is that seven out of the ten are from Asia. No doubt Asia is going to be a powerful region in the future. Thank you for the information.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I have done so little traveling; it is no wonder that I have not visited any of these cities, but in truth I probably wouldn't. I hate crowds and congestion and pollution and mayhem....I'm a country boy at heart. :) Well done Vinaya and quite interesting.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Its nice to hear history on different cultures and cities.

      For some reason I thought China was the biggest.

      Thank you


    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      10 Biggest Cities in the World incredible photos of each place and certainly a useful hub voted up and interesting.

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      5 years ago from India

      Excellent review on the statistics of different cities of the world. Happy to see Delhi there. But I am just shocked to see the population statistics compared to the area available. How congested that city is!!!!

      Thanks for sharing this.

    • annart profile image

      Ann Carr 

      5 years ago from SW England

      I'm not a city person but this hub is an informative, very interesting trip around the world. The hubs of our industry, big communities and places that are full of life are so important. Good information and great photos. Ann

    • FlourishAnyway profile image


      5 years ago from USA

      Great hub, as I have wondered this on occasion. Excellent review of relevant historical facts, population information, landmarks and inclusion of attractive photos. I had no ideas some of these cities were even quite that populous!

    • informationshelte profile image


      5 years ago

      Hi Vinaya Ghimire,

      I was always curious to know the number of people who lived in the most populated cities in the world and your article provides well-presented and detailed relevant information.

      As it is shown in your post, large cities have grown even larger, with twenty million people being the threshold in order to enter in this list. Another thing I have noticed is that the majority of those cities are located in Asian countries, with only three of them are located in other continents. Africa, Europe and Australia are not represented in this list.

    • Frank Atanacio profile image

      Frank Atanacio 

      5 years ago from Shelton

      Vin, hmm yeah you just educated me lol thanks for that :)


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