ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

10 Facts about the City of Palermo

Updated on April 13, 2014
Teatro Politeama-Garibaldi
Teatro Politeama-Garibaldi | Source

Palermo is the capital of Palermo province of the region of Sicily, Italy. Sicily's main port, Palermo is situated on a bay on the northwest coast of the island. The city is surrounded by a fertile plain, the Conca d'Oro ("Golden Conch"), which is hemmed in by hills and mountains. Monte Pellegrino rises 1,990 feet (607 meters) to the north of the city. Though Palermo was severely damaged in World War II, it still is richly endowed with architectural treasures contributed by the disparate cultures that succeeded one another in Sicily. The city has a population of 655,979 (2010).

1. The city's economic activity centers on its port, through which much of the island's exports and imports flow. Its chief industry is ship repairing, and it also has factories producing cement, chemicals, glass, machinery, and processed foods.

Martorana Church
Martorana Church | Source

2. Little remains of the Roman, Byzantine, and Arab city, but admirable monuments survive from the Norman period, showing strong Arab and Byzantine influences. The Palatine Chapel in the Palace of the Normans was built during the 12th century reign of Roger II, Norman king of Sicily. The wooden ceiling of the nave is Moorish in many details, whereas the mosaics that cover the walls, cupola, and apses are the work of Greek artisans from Constantinople.

3. Roger II is buried in the cathedral, which was begun in the 12th century but today is an amalgam of many later styles. Near his tomb are those of his daughter Constance; of her husband, the Hohenstaufen Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI; and of their son, Emperor Frederick II, who was crowned king of Sicily in 1198.

4. Some other churches dating from the Norman period are the Martorana, San Cataldo, and San Giovanni degli Eremiti. Among the mosaics of the Martorana is one showing Christ crowning King Roger. The churches of San Cataldo and of San Giovanni degli Eremiti are capped with red cupolas.

Santa Maria della Catena
Santa Maria della Catena | Source

5. The late 15th century is represented by Santa Maria della Catena (St. Mary of the Chain) and the Abbatelli Palace. The former takes its name from the chain that once was used to close the Old Port. The latter houses the National Gallery of Sicily.

6. The Spanish Baroque style of the 17th century is preserved in the Quattro Canti ("Four Corners"), the center of Palermo formed by the intersection of two main streets. The 17th century Church of San Giuseppe dei Teatini occupies one corner of the Quattro Canti. Adjacent to the church is the university.

7. The gardens of the Villa d'Aumale and the Villa Giulia were laid out in the 18th century. The Villa Giulia is at the south end of the broad promenade along the bay that leads to the 16th century city gate called the Porta Felice. Just beyond the gate is La Cala, the Old Port, now used by small boats.

8. One of Italy's finest collections of prehistoric, Etruscan, and Greek art is housed in the National Archaeological Museum, Palermo. The large 19th century Teatro Massimo marks the boundary between the old and new parts of the city.

9. The founding of Palermo is attributed to the Phoenicians. The city, known to the ancient world as Panormus, passed to the Carthaginians, and then to the Romans in 254 B.C. It became a flourishing municipium and, under Augustus, a colony. With the decline of Rome it came under Vandal and Gothic rule. The Byzantines held it from 535 to the early 9th century, when it fell to the Muslims and became a cultural center of the Arab Empire.

10. In 1072 the city was captured by the Normans, who made it a flourishing commercial center and, after Roger II was crowned king, the capital of the kingdom of Sicily. Palermo's prosperity continued under its Hohenstaufen ruler Frederick, who was crowned Holy Roman emperor in 1220. After Frederick's death in 1250, the pope conferred the kingdom on Charles of Anjou, who was the brother of Louis IX, king of France. The Angevins transferred the capital from Palermo to Naples. A revolt broke out in Palermo in 1282 that ended in the replacement of Angevin by Aragonese rule of the island. Spanish control brought with it a long period of decline. In 1860 Palermo was seized by Giuseppe Garibaldi, and in 1861 it was joined to the united kingdom of Italy. In 1943 the city was repeatedly bombed before Anglo-American troops captured it and the rest of Sicily.

Have you ever been to Palermo?

See results

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)