ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

10 Splendid UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Western Asia

Updated on September 26, 2012
Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock | Source
Petra, Jordan
Petra, Jordan | Source

Western Asia, the cradle of the world’s earliest civilizations, has a substantial number of ancient and glorious sites that have been inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites List.

Many of these sites are products of empires that rose and fell in Western Asia: Assyrian, Babylonian, Achaemid, Seleucid, Parthian, Roman, Sassanid, Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, Safavid, and Ottoman.

Moreover, Western Asia is the birthplace of the world’s greatest religions: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and others that profess faith to only one god.

Thus, there are many places in Western Asia that have outstanding religious significance for people from across the world.

These sites are spread across the countries in Western Asia, that comprise of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

Below is a list of the ten most splendid UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Western Asia.

1. Damascus in Syria

Established in the 3rd millennium B.C., the ancient city of Damascus is one of the oldest cities in Western Asia.

It became world-known when it flourished as an important hub for the manufacturing of early swords and lace.

In this UNESCO World Heritage Site in Syria, one can find about 125 monuments that date across several historic periods.

Arguably the most notable of these monuments is the Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built in the 8th century in an Assyrian sanctuary.

2. Sana’a in Yemen

Populated for the last 2,500 years is the old Yemeni city of Sana’a, nestled in a mountain valley at the height of 2,200 meters.

Sana’a is historically important for it was a center of Islamic propagation in the 7th and 8th centuries.

Presently, people can still see structures – all predating 11th century – that serve as testaments to the religious as well as political importance of Sana’a.

These structures include 6,000 houses, 103 mosques, and 14 hammams. All across this beautiful UNESCO World Heritage Site, there are also tower-houses built with earth.

3. Tyre in Lebanon

Legends have it that the purple dye was first made in Tyre, a city in Lebanon that has been inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Legends about Tyre do not end there.

This Lebanese city is said to have yielded great powers over the seas and founded colonies in Cadiz and Carthage.

Today, people can still see pieces of pre-Roman archaeological proof about Tyre’s glorious past.

4. Petra in Jordan

Perhaps one of the most well-known and recognizable archaeological sites in the world is Petra in Jordan, a crossroads of ancient people travelling from Egypt, Arabia, Syria, and Lebanon.

Petra is located between the Red Sea and Dead Sea.

It is carved into a rock and enclosed by mountains perforated with ancient routes and gorges.

As an old crossroad of thousands of people, Petra took in architectural influences from Eastern and Hellenistic traditions.

5. Hatra in Iraq

A city that survived fierce assaults by the Romans in 116 and 198 A.D. is the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Hatra in Iraq.

Hatra has massive walls that are very high and thick as well as fortified by towers.

This city is reinforced by structures built with design influences from the Parthian Empire.

It is the first capital of the Arab Kingdom.

Hatra today has temples that attest to its remarkable past – temples that blend Hellenistic and Roman styles of architecture.

6. Mada’in Saleh in Saudi Arabia

Formerly known as Hegra, Mada’in Saleh in Saudi Arabia is the largest discovered place of civilization of the Nebataeans located south of another UNESCO World Heritage Site called Petra in Jordan.

Mada’in Saleh boasts of 111 tombs of great sizes, about 94 of which are ornately decorated.

It has water wells, testaments to the hydraulic genius of the Nebataeans.

It also has cave drawings that pre-date the period of the Nebataeans.

Many of the architectures in Mada’in Saleh were built between 1st century B.C. and 1st century A.D.

7. Jerusalem

An exceptionally holy site for Jewish, Christians, and Muslims is Jerusalem, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Western Asia.

These three religions identify Jerusalem as the site where Abraham made his holy sacrifice.

It has about 220 historic monuments.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the location of Jesus Christ’s tomb.

The Wailing Wall draws the line for the housings of people belonging to several religious groups.

The Dome of the Rock is the most recognizable structure in the city, with its ornate geometric and floral patterns.

8. Qal’at al-Bahrain– Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun in Bahrain

The most loaded archeological site that tells about the ancient civilization of Dilmun is the Qal’at al-Bahrain in Bahrain that was mentioned in old Summerian texts.

This UNESCO World Heritage Site was the capital of Dilmun.

As the capital, Qal’at al-Bahrain has layers upon layers of continuous human occupation that yield pieces of evidence of religious, military, commercial, trading and civilian structures.

About one-fourth of the site has been excavated, leading to expectations that there are more places that await discovery.

Perhaps the most impressive of the digs is the Portuguese fort or qal’a that gave the place its current name.

Thus far, evidence shows that the place was occupied from 2300 B.C. to 16th century A.D.

9. Bahla Fort in Oman

The fortified oasis of Bahla in Oman was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List for it is a testimony to the great influence of Banu Nebhan, the leading tribe in the region that flourished between 12th century and 15th century.

Bahla Fort contains what is left of an ancient fort made up of massive walls and towers created from unbaked bricks and stones.

10. Masada in Israel

An incomparable symbol of the kingdom of Israel of long time ago and the courage of the Jewish people in the face of a Roman attack in 73 A.D. is Masada in Israel, the UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Judaean Desert.

Masada was built as a palace complex by Herod who reigned from 37 B.C. to 4 B.C.

The complex has camps, ramps and fortifications that comprise a complete Roman siege structure.

Having a great view of the Dead Sea, Masada is a natural fortress with imposing splendor.

Copyright © 2011 Kerlyn Bautista

All Rights Reserved

UNESCO World Heritage Site of Petra in Jordan

Western Asia on the Map


get directions


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • lejonkung profile image


      8 years ago

      Great hub and lovely pictures!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)