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Top 10 Things to do in Vatican City

Updated on April 27, 2016
bdegiulio profile image

Traveling has always been one of my passions. It exposes us to new cultures, experiences, and makes the world a better, more tolerant place.

St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica | Source

No visit to Rome is complete without a visit to Vatican City. This small self contained state which lies just west of the Tiber River welcomes millions of pilgrims and visitors each year. While most people will visit the obvious sites like St Peter’s Basilica, the Vatican Museum and the Sistine Chapel, there is much more to see and do while you are here. I've listed ten things worth seeing and doing while visiting Vatican City. Hopefully you’ll get a chance to experience some of these on your next visit to Rome.

1. The Vatican Museum

The Vatican Museums, all thirteen of them, are considered to be among the world’s finest museums housing many of the most renowned masterpieces of painting, sculpture and art collected by Popes over many centuries. Visiting the museum can be a daunting task and you would be wise to consider a tour guide when visiting in order to decipher all that the museums have to offer.

The fee to enter the museums is a very reasonable 15 euro. Tickets can also be purchased ahead of time online for an additional 4 euro reservation fee which is referred to as the “skip the line” fee. What many people do not realize is that the entrance to the Vatican Museum is not located in St Peters Square but rather is a good 10 to 15 minute walk to the right around the perimeter of Vatican City. On busy days you will be glad that you spent the extra 4 euro as the lines will often extend for quite a ways along this perimeter.

Vatican Museum

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Michelangelos The Last JudgementMichelangelo's Sistine Chapel CeilingMichelangelo's Creation of AdamThe Sistine Chapel
Michelangelos The Last Judgement
Michelangelos The Last Judgement | Source
Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel Ceiling | Source
Michelangelo's Creation of Adam
Michelangelo's Creation of Adam | Source
The Sistine Chapel
The Sistine Chapel | Source

2. Sistine Chapel

After touring the Vatican Museum you will come to the Sistine Chapel. On both of our visits to the Sistine Chapel it has been very crowded as the Chapel is not large and once people get inside they tend to not want to leave.

The Sistine Chapel is certainly a site to behold. Michelangelo’s famous Sistine Ceiling depicting scenes from Genesis and his The Last Judgment on the end wall are stunning. Before you leave make sure you check out the side walls containing frescoes by Botticelli, Perugino and Rosselli and others. The lower side walls contain numerous tapestries by Raphael. Be forewarned that if you try to take pictures inside the Chapel you will most certainly be scolded by the Museum Authorities if you get caught.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Bernini CanopyCanopy and DomeThe Apse of St Peter'sBronze Statue of St PeterMichelangelo's Pieta
Bernini Canopy
Bernini Canopy | Source
Canopy and Dome
Canopy and Dome | Source
The Apse of St Peter's
The Apse of St Peter's | Source
Bronze Statue of St Peter
Bronze Statue of St Peter | Source
Michelangelo's Pieta
Michelangelo's Pieta | Source

3. St Peter's Basilica

St Peter’s Basilica is open to the public free of charge. Before entering you will have to go through a security screening and be advised that there is a dress code that must be adhered to.

The first thing you will notice upon entering the Basilica is the sheer size of it, it is enormous. Make sure you spend plenty of time here as there is a lot to see. The Bernini designed bronze sculpted canopy over the high altar where only the Pope celebrates mass is beautiful and dominates the center of the Basilica. This altar, which is directly underneath the Dome of St Peter’s, was constructed directly above the ancient tomb of St Peter. More on this later when we talk about the Scavi Tour. Before leaving the Basilica be sure to stop and see Michelangelo’s Pieta’ considered to be one of his greatest masterpieces.

4. St Peter's Square

Located directly in front of St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City is the monumental Piazza of St. Peter which was designed by Lorenzo Bernini.

While there is much to see in the square itself, it is also a great spot to just sit and people watch as you take in the marvels of this important gathering place. Of particular note in the square are the Colonnades and Statues, the matching Bernini Fountains, the Obelisk, and of course the Papal Apartment which is visible up and to the right.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
St. Peter's BasilicaBernini Fountain, Colonades and StatuesSt Peter's SquareSt Peter's SquarePapal Apartment
St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica | Source
Bernini Fountain, Colonades and Statues
Bernini Fountain, Colonades and Statues | Source
St Peter's Square
St Peter's Square | Source
St Peter's Square
St Peter's Square | Source
Papal Apartment
Papal Apartment | Source

5. Papal Audience

The Papal Audiences are held on Wednesday mornings at 10:30 AM either in St. Peter's Square or in the Pope Paul VI Audience Hall. In order to get tickets to the Papal Audience you will need to make your request in writing or by Fax to the Prefecture of the Papal Household. Tickets are free and need to be picked up either on the day prior to the Audience or on the morning of.

If you happen to be in Rome on a Wednesday and if the Papal Audience is going to take place I can tell that this is quite a spectacle to behold. When we attended, the Audience was held inside the Papal Hall and the atmosphere was something akin to a sporting event. There was singing and dancing by people from all over the world who came dressed in their native garb. Flags were waving and there were spontaneous eruptions of song and mucic, it was quite a morning.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Waiting to see the PopeGetting ready to perform for the PopeA very festive atmospherePop Benedict XVIThe Papal Address
Waiting to see the Pope
Waiting to see the Pope | Source
Getting ready to perform for the Pope
Getting ready to perform for the Pope | Source
A very festive atmosphere
A very festive atmosphere | Source
Pop Benedict XVI
Pop Benedict XVI | Source
The Papal Address
The Papal Address | Source
Just after Mass in the Apse of St. Peter's
Just after Mass in the Apse of St. Peter's | Source

6. Attend Mass in St Peter's Basilica

On our second trip to Rome and the Vatican we decided to try to attend a mass in St Peter’s Basilica. There are many masses daily and attending one is an experience that you won’t want to miss. Before entering the area where the mass was being held we were warned by the Vatican security that this is a mass and not a photo opportunity for tourists, so please show the due respect when attending a mass here. Use the link to the right to see the daily schedule of masses.

There are many altars in St Peter's Basilica and the mass we attended was in the impressive Apse located in the back of the Basilica. The Papal altar located under Bernini's Canopy is only used for masses given by the Pope.

7. The Cupola of St Peter's Basilica

If you are looking for a great view of St Peters Square and of Rome then the Cupola is the spot for you. Being the highest point in Rome the Cupola offers great views in all directions. It costs 7 euro to take the elevator and 6 euro for the chance to climb the 320 stairs.

The elevator only takes you to the roof of the Basilica so you will still need to climb the rest of the way to reach the Cupola. If you’re not into climbing you can hang out on the roof which still offers wonderful views. At the entrance to the Basilica, there is a sign that directs you to the far right of the portico (past the Holy Door) and to the kiosk for the elevator.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
St Peter's Square from the CupolaThe view on the way upHighest point in RomeSistine Chapel and Vatican MuseumPope Paul VI Audience Hall
St Peter's Square from the Cupola
St Peter's Square from the Cupola | Source
The view on the way up
The view on the way up | Source
Highest point in Rome
Highest point in Rome | Source
Sistine Chapel and Vatican Museum
Sistine Chapel and Vatican Museum | Source
Pope Paul VI Audience Hall
Pope Paul VI Audience Hall | Source
The Grotto
The Grotto | Source

8. Sacred Grottoes

After visiting the Basilica don't miss the chance to visit the Sacred Grottoes or Crypt where the tombs of many Popes and other dignitaries are interred. The Crypt lies beneath the Church and contained the tomb of John Paul II up until his beatification in May of 2011. At the end of the Crypt lies a glass wall which offers a view down to the tomb of St Peter which is located directly below the Papal Altar.

Scavi Tour Office
Scavi Tour Office | Source

9. Scavi Tour

One of the most interesting things that we did while visiting the Vatican was to take what is known as the Scavi Tour. This tour takes you down below the Crypt to an area known as the Necropolis and the site of what is believed to be St. Peter’s tomb.

This tour requires reservations which should be made many months in advance as the Vatican only allows about 200 people per day to go down there. Tours start at 9 am, are limited to groups of no more than 12-15 people, and cost 12 euro. Please be advised that this area is very warm and humid and is in the original excavated condition. If you are at all claustrophobic you might consider skipping this tour. We found this tour to be fascinating and one of the highlights of our visit to the Vatican.

To Request Tickets for the Scavi Tour:

Excavations Office
tel: +39-06-6988-5318, fax: +39-06-698-73017

Hours: 9:00am - 5:00pm, closed Sunday and Holidays

Request tickets for the Scavi Tour by email, fax or a visit to the office. They will need the following information:

  • The number of people in your group.
  • The name of each person (group leaders should give their name and address).
  • The language you'd like the tour to be conducted in.
  • The day and time period you'd like to visit (it helps if you give a wide latitude of times, the office will then determine the time of your tour). Tours are not given on Sundays and church holidays.
  • Where you are staying in Rome (name and phone number).

Vatican garden
Vatican garden | Source

10. Vatican Garden

The Vatican Gardens cover over half of the land occupied by Vatican City and are located behind St Peters Basilica. The only way to see the gardens is to arrange a guided tour through the Vatican as they do not allow people to wander unattended through the gardens. The cost of this tour is 31 euro and includes the guided tour of the gardens, entrance to the Vatican Museums without a guide, and the rental of audio guides.

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Vatican Map

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A markerSt Peters Basilica -
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B markerVatican Museum Entrance -
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© 2012 Bill De Giulio


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    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 9 months ago from Massachusetts

      Hi CYong74. The Grotto and the Necropolis are certainly a must see. The Vatican is an amazing place and we look forward to returning soon. Thanks for stopping by and have a great day.

    • CYong74 profile image

      Cedric Yong 9 months ago from Singapore

      The Sacred Grotto is a definite must. A tad difficult to arrange. But it's what most Vatican City visitors don't get to see and experience.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 2 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi Robert. Thanks for stopping by, glad you enjoyed the tour.

    • rjsezack profile image

      Robert Wolfe 2 years ago from Ft. Worth, TX

      This was a great article. Hope to go there soon.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hey KDuBarry03. It certainly is amazing. The Vatican is an unbelievable place. The art, the architecture, the history, simply amazing. I'm sure you'll get to experience it all some day. Thank you for reading and the comments, much appreciated.

    • profile image

      KDuBarry03 4 years ago

      It is marvelous the detail of architecture at the Vatican. It is amazing that these buildings are still standing! Great hub

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Another must visit destination in Italy. There is so much to see just in Vatican City alone. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Joseph Hollick profile image

      Joseph Hollick 4 years ago from Hamilton, ON Canada

      Thanks Robert for a great and informative hub and great photos of the Vatican. I was there in 2010 but only took the guided tour provided by our cruise ship. There certainly is much more to see beyond the basic tour!!

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Thanks Robert. Appreciate the vote and share. The world is a big place, so much to see and experience.

    • Robert Erich profile image

      Robert Erich 4 years ago from California

      This is a great article bdegiulio! You have traveled the world and documented it much better than I have. I appreciate your comments on my hubs - you are hilarious. I look forward to reading and learning from more of your articles! Stay classy good sir.

      Voted up and shared!

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Thank You megni. One of the highlights of our last visit to Rome was attending the Wednesday Papal address at the Vatican. It was an amazing event. very much appreciate the comments.

    • megni profile image

      megni 4 years ago

      Great information and very helpful. I've never been to Rome but I am admirer who likes to learn. I often swith my TV to EwTN and frequently get glimpses of the Pope giving his Wednesday messages. Thanks for sharing.

    • nifty@50 profile image

      nifty@50 5 years ago

      Wonderful pictures & very informative voted up & beautiful!

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