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10 Things You Should Know About China

Updated on February 12, 2013

Ten Fascinating Facts About China

China is the biggest country in the world with a booming economy. Here I would like to give you an introduction to this fascinating country and facts that everyone should know. Among some of the items we will cover are inventions, landmarks, government policies, and much more. Let's get started.

1. Inventions

Among some of their greatest inventions are: paper, gunpowder, printing.

Paper - the first paper was made in 105 and it was a mixture of mulberry tree bark, hemp, old linens, and fish nets that were ground and created into a pulp and dried in sunlight.

Printing - The diamonond sutra, which teaches the practice of the avoidance of abiding in extremes of mental attachment, is the oldest printed book, with a date of 868.

Gunpowder - In the Tang dynasty, sulphur and saltpeter were mixed with charcoal to make gunpowder

2. One child policy

In China, there is a law that states you can only have one child per couple. Parents of twins, triplets are excluded. By having additional children you will end up paying large fines and be excluded from bonuses at work. In March 2008, official Wu Jianmin would review the law, but after the review it ended up being extended for another decade

3. China's famous places To Visit When You Travel

Terracota Army - Emperor Qin, the first emperor of China, built a terracotta army which consists of life-size figures of warriors built to protect her in her afterlife. The Terracotta Warriors were discovered in March 1974 by local farmers drilling a water well. IT is now a museum covering 16,300 square meters and divided into 3 pits. About 7,000 pottery warriors, horses, chariots and weapons were discovered. It is one of the most significant archeological discoveries in the 20th century

Great Wall - One of the wonders of the world, stretches to over 6,700 km (4,160 miles) in total.The Great wall was built to protect aginst invaders such as the Mongolians. It was first built in 7th Century B.C when China was divided into many small states. After China became unified in 221 B.C., the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty joined the walls. Through many dynasites of building, lengthening and fortification, it is is an amazing sight to see. It can even be seen from space. Depending on the location and the dynasty who built the wall, the Great wall has been made of tiles, lime, stone, bricks and more.

Century Eggs, also known as One Hundred Year or One Thousand Year old Eggs are a delicacy in China . Usually these eggs are processed with special ingredients and buried underground for some days or weeks.

5. Population

According to wikipedia, China has the most people in the world. As of 2008, China has approximately 1,324,854,000 people. Compare that with the United States of America that has 304,558,000. Here is a bit of trivia for you: China, India, and the United States are 1,2,3 in terms of population. What is the fourth most populated country? Indonesia.

6. Panda bears

A large mammal that grows to be 5-6 feet tall and weigh about 350lbs. It is a popular symbol of China. These bears do not hibernate in the winter like regular bears. There are two pandas in the San Diego Zoo.

Panda bears are on the endangered list. If you are interested about pandas, you can read about them through the link.

Most of the philosophy revolved around Chinese medicine got started from Taoist philosophy that life and the environment are have an intimate relationship. A major factor of disease according to Chinese medicine is an imbalance of ying and yang, Chinese medicine helps to restore the proper balance of ying and yang. Acupuncture, which helps to restore ying and yang through needles piercing the skin, is fairly safe and therefore a good alternative to those who believe in it.

Tai Chi was originally developed in China as a form of self-defense. In order to do Tai Chi, you perform a series of movements in a very slow manner. You also focus on your breathing. If practiced regularly, it can help you reduce stress and lead to an improvement of health. Sometimes this is called "moving meditation" and it is quickly gaining momentum in the western world.

Tai Chi Video - Instructional Tai chi video.

9. Luck and Fortune.

Red is Chinese people's favorite color and it has a symbolism of courage, loyalty, fortune. In weddings, a red envelope is given to give monetary gifts. If you go into Chinese restaurants, you are likely to see a lot of red since they hope it will bring them good forune.

In the United States we consider 13 unlucky and 7 lucky. In China, they consider 4 unlucky and 8 lucky. The number 8 sounds similar to the word "wealth" in Chinese.

Unless you have been living under a rock, you should know that the 2008 Summer Olympics were held in China from August 8- August 24, 2008. The official logo of the Beijing games is called "dancing Beijing". China will feature five mascots which represent a different cultural aspect of China as well as the colors of the Olympic Rings. In brief, there is Beibei who is a fish and represents prosperity; JingJing who is a panda and represents happiness; Huanhuan who is a fire flame and represents passion; Yíngying who is a Tibetan Antelope and represents health; and finally, Nini, who represents good fortune. For the 2008 Olympics, the Chinese have built a stadium nicknamed "the birdnest" because it looks like one. It was supposed to have a retractable roof but later officials decided against it for safety and economic reasons.

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I hope you learned something new with this lens. If so, please rate my lens and add your comments!

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    • Webcodes LM profile image

      Webcodes LM 5 years ago

      @TBeijingChina: Thank you.

    • profile image

      TBeijingChina 5 years ago

      Learn a lot from your Lens

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Good lens! China is a fun place to live and visit. One quick pointer for those who want to see the Great Wall...don't go to Badaling, the place nearest Beijing. It's more like a Disneyland attraction than an ancient wonder (plus the wall is all made of new bricks). There is another place called Simatai that is much better. There are places where you can do 10k hikes all on the wall, without people selling you stuffed panda bears and cheap toys. Happy travels!

    • profile image

      Suzane89 7 years ago

      The Great Wall of China starts from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west containing the actual wall, trenches, and natural protectors such as hills and rivers.

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 7 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I was just in Shanghai last weekend and has a lens on The Bund in Shanghai. I will feature your lens in this. Shanghai successfully hosted the 2010 World Expo. Difficult to manage a population of over 1.3B. This is key to understanding China.

    • profile image

      scar4 7 years ago

      Nice lens. May I add Compass to the list of inventions?

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      dreamygirl 7 years ago

      Thanks for the info. I know that Century eggs used to be fermented with Horse Urine back in the days. Luckily they've found other ways. I went to visit Xi'An in 2005 and they were still recovering the TerraCotta warriers. They are also trying to find a new way of preserving it (there were talks of keeping them in glass when I was on the tour).

      This is why I want to learn Chinese. I think that the Chinese Culture really fascinates me. I'm busy learning from I'll probably create a lens once I start improving my vocab. Lets hope it works.

      Thanks again.


    • Andy-Po profile image

      Nobody 8 years ago from UK

      Excellent lens. China is a fascinating place to visit.

    • TheInfamous7 profile image

      TheInfamous7 9 years ago

      Superb Lens!! Most definitely blessed!!

      Though i must make 2 points, the Great Wall CANNOT be seen from space, and the "Great" Wall that now still stands was mainly built in the Ming Dynasty of 16th Century, the rest are previous attempts of bygone emperors using compacted mud and stone!..completely unrelated to the modern day wall.

      Sorry..No More Geeky Correctioning!! ;-)

      Excellent Work!!

    • profile image

      a-ha-design 9 years ago

      I enjoyed reading your lens. I'd love to visit the Great Wall of China. Thanks for sharing. *****

    • drs2biz lm profile image

      David Schroeter 9 years ago from St Kilda, Victoria, Australia

      Informative lens. Great to know that China is opening up to the west, and I hope that the rest of the world reciprocates!

    • NAIZA LM profile image

      NAIZA LM 9 years ago

      Very informative lens about China! Definitely,a fabulous five! :)

    • profile image

      TwoBrightHeads 9 years ago

      Short but interesting lens. Thank you

      big bright head

    • debnet profile image

      Debbie 9 years ago from England

      Great lens :)

    • Webcodes LM profile image

      Webcodes LM 9 years ago

      Absolutely Jimmie, there is just so much you can talk about when discussing China.

    • jimmielanley profile image

      Jimmie Lanley 9 years ago from Memphis, TN, USA

      Great topic for a lens! There's so much to say about China, it's hard to choose just ten, isn't it?

    • carrieokier profile image

      carrieokier 9 years ago

      Really neat lens. The century eggs look yucky! 5*

    • profile image

      lukafer2 9 years ago

      Very informative lens, definitely submit this to lens of the will have a good chance...5 stars from me