ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

10 Things You May Not Know about El Paso

Updated on April 11, 2014

El Paso, a city in extreme western Texas, is the seat of El Paso county, 636 miles (1,018 km) west of Dallas. Situated on the north bank of the Rio Grande across from the Mexican city of Ciudad Juárez, El Paso is the largest city on the border between the United States and Mexico and is an important port of entry. It has a population of 672,538 (2012). Here are 10 things you may not know about El Paso:

1. El Paso is a manufacturing and commercial center situated in an area of mines, oil fields, livestock ranches, and farms.

2. The city's diversified industries include the manufacture of clothing, refrigeration units, and building materials; wholesale distribution; the smelting and refining of copper and other metals; the refining of oil and natural gas; meatpacking; and food processing.

Fort Bliss
Fort Bliss | Source

3. Thousands of acres in the area have been converted into irrigated farmland by waters from the Rio Grande impounded by the Elephant Butte and Caballo Lake reservoirs. The principal crops of El Paso are cotton, alfalfa, onions, lettuce, chilies, pecans, and fruit.

4. Fort Bliss, founded in 1848, now the headquarters of the Army Air Defense Center, and various military and aerospace installations contribute importantly to the economy.

5. Tourism also is important. Visitors to El Paso are able to walk across the border and enter Ciudad Juárez, which is noted for its markets, bullfights, and horse races.

6. Within the city of El Paso are the Fort Bliss Replica Museum, containing U.S. Army uniforms, weapons, and civilian items from 1848 to 1948; and the Magoffin Home State Historic Site (1875), decorated with antiques.

Downtown El Paso
Downtown El Paso | Source

7. The University of Texas at El Paso, part of the University of Texas System, is in the city. The El Paso Centennial Museum, at the university, displays exhibits of natural history. The El Paso Museum of Art has a Samuel A. Kress collection of European art. El Paso has a symphony orchestra, which performs at the Civic Center Plaza. The city's annual Sun Carnival, established in 1901, features the Sun Bowl football game.

8. In 1536 Cabeza de Vaca and his party crossed the Rio Grande at the site of El Paso. The first permanent European settlement was made at El Paso del Norte, on the south bank, in 1659. The Mission of Guadalupe, still in use today, was built there about this time. In 1682, Spanish colonists and Indian refugees from New Mexico settled at Ysleta, within the present limits of El Paso.

9. In 1827 Juan María Ponce de León constructed the first permanent settlement on El Paso's present site. Texas's war for independence and the Mexican War established the Rio Grande as the international boundary in 1846. It was not until 1849 that a real community developed on the American side of the river; at that time El Paso became an important commercial and travel center. In 1888, Paso del Norte was renamed in honor of Benito Juárez, defender of Mexico against the French.

10. The city of El Paso was incorporated in 1873 and grew steadily after the railroads reached the city in 1881. In 1967 a section of El Paso was ceded to Mexico as part of a 1963 agreement between the United States and Mexico. The land transfer ended a long-term dispute over the international boundary, which had been altered since 1846 as a result of shifts in the course of the Rio Grande. El Paso is governed by a mayor and council.

Time to Vote

Best Attractions:

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • moonlake profile image


      4 years ago from America

      I was married there 51 years ago. Interesting hub voted up.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)