ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

10 Things You Might Want to Know about Jacksonville

Updated on April 15, 2014

Jacksonville is a city in northeast Florida on the St. Johns River. It is a leading seaport of the southeastern United States. On Oct. 1, 1968, Jacksonville annexed most of Duval county and absorbed its governmental functions. The city is governed by a mayor and council. Here are 10 facts about Jacksonville:

1. With an area of 840 square miles (2,176 sq km) -of which 74 square miles (192 sq km) are inland water, extending eastward to the Atlantic Ocean- it is the second-largest U.S. city (next to Juneau, Alaska) and the most populous in Florida. It has a population of 836,507 (2012).

Jacksonville Beach Boardwalk
Jacksonville Beach Boardwalk | Source

2. Jacksonville is one of the major manufacturing, processing, and distributing centers of the South, and the financial center of Florida. Its chief industries include the manufacture or processing of paper and pulpwood, machinery and building products, cigars, drugs, food, fertilizer, furniture, cement, and beer. It also has printing and publishing enterprises. A branch of the Federal Reserve Bank is located in the city, and there are several home and regional offices of national insurance companies.

3. During World War II the U.S. Navy commissioned the Jacksonville Naval Air Station and Cecil Field, an auxiliary station there. An aircraft carrier base was constructed at Mayport near the St. Johns River jetties. A second auxiliary air station and a destroyer base were added to the naval installations.

4. Throughout its history Jacksonville has played an important role as a transportation center. The King's Road, Florida's first highway, constructed in the 1760s, crossed the St. Johns River at the site of Jacksonville. The city continues to be a transportation hub. The Jacksonville Expressway Authority, created in 1955, supervises a network of freeways and seven bridges crossing the St. Johns and Trout rivers. In October 1968 the international airport began operations north of the city. At the same time a port development program was begun.

5. Inadequate housing and insufficient job opportunities were basic causes of rioting in Jacksonville in the summer of 1966. In that year the city enacted its first minimum housing code. In 1967, Greater Jacksonville Economic Opportunity, Inc., received a federal grant to operate Pilot City, a neighborhood improvement experiment. The Mayor's Employment Committee, created in August 1967, and Jobs for Jacksonville, set up in January 1968, sought to resolve social and economic problems.

Haydon Burns Public Library
Haydon Burns Public Library | Source

6. Florida Junior College (public), Jacksonville University (private), the University of North Florida (public), and Jones and Edward Waters colleges (private) are in the city. Haydon Burns Public Library contains an important collection on state and local history, and the Cummer Gallery of Art has a notable collection of European, American, and Oriental art and furniture. The Jacksonville Art Museum, Children's Museum, Jacksonville Symphony Orchestra, and Friday Musicale are features of the community's cultural life. The Jacksonville Jaguars professional football team plays its home games at EverBank Field in the city.

7. Fort Caroline National Monument marks the site of a French settlement in 1564. The Confederate Monument, dedicated in 1898, is in the city's Hemming Park. Confederate Park, which marks the eastern edge of the Confederate trenches in the area during the Civil War, contains monuments to Confederate women and to the Scottish poet Robert Burns. The War Memorial Fountain, designed by Adrian Pillars, stands in Memorial Park.

8. Jacksonville offers many attractions for visitors, including the Greater Jacksonville Golf Open, the Gator Bowl football classic, parimutuel dog racing, beach facilities (especially at the communities of Jacksonville Beach, Neptune Beach, and Atlantic Beach), the Coliseum, and the Civic Auditorium.

9. The St. Johns River, the most important waterway in Florida, attracted Spanish, French, and English explorers and colonizers to the Jacksonville region in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. The city, called Cowford, was founded in 1822, the year after the Territory of Florida was established. It was renamed for Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the territory, and was incorporated in 1832.

10. Jacksonville was occupied by Northern forces four times during the Civil War, and much of it was destroyed. Because of its favorable location and temperate climate, however, it recovered rapidly and emerged by 1880 as the state's leading industrial and tourist city. During the Spanish-American War, Jacksonville was the site of a large army training camp. In 1901 a disastrous fire destroyed 147 city blocks, but again the city was rebuilt quickly. Most of its expansion has come since 1940.

Been to Jacksonville?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Congratulationsa0Susana & Brian! A beautiful Wedding and Reception in St. Augustine,Fl. We loved this Classic Southern Style Wedding with all of the scapiel touches. The Pastry Studio enjoyed designing this scapiel cake table from the wedding cake+cake pops, creating the custom dessert menus, toa0choosing the hobnail stands. The French Blue and Butter Yellowa0color palette was perfect. Dana Goodson captured the day . Below are some scapiel moments. For the full post go to: {Dana Goodson Photography Blog}


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)