7 Breathtaking Sights from around the World.
This World is an amazing one. Bursting with an array of sights and features, that will amaze even the most experienced traveler. Although, the beauty lies in the fact that these sights and features can be found anywhere. You can literally take a few steps in any direction, and I can guarantee that you can find something that will please, startle, or surprise you. However, there are several different sights around the world, that are one of a kind. That are absolutely breathtaking, in their sheer individuality, beauty, and eeriness. These sights can be found anywhere in the world; there are no limits. So prepare to be taken from Ecuador to China, and to Bolivia, as we explore 7 of some of the world's most breathtaking sights.
Galapagos Islands, Ecuador.
A visit to the astonishing Galapagos Islands, can be likened to taking a journey back in time. This is thanks to the Islands mysterious inhabitants, continuing seismic and volcanic activity, and its lush and relatively untouched jungle and surrounding ocean. The Galapagos Islands is a group of 19 islands that are located off the coast of Ecuador. The Islands are considered to have one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world; due to their location at the merging of three major ocean currents. Also, the Islands are precariously positioned above the Nazca, Cocos, and Pacific Plates, making it a site for seismic activity. Perhaps what has made the Galapagos Islands so legendary is their prehistoric wildlife, and the revolutionary evolution theory that was inspired by them. These species include the enormous Galapagos Tortoises, sea lions, and various types of marine wildlife; such as the marine iguana; which is the only lizard on earth that can swim. The Islands are also home to a group of finches, that vary in the size of their beaks. It is these finches that the famed naturalist; Charles Darwin studied in forming his evolution theory of 'natural selection'. Being considered as only 'young' Islands, one cannot help but form the impression that the Galapagos Islands have many more mysteries and wonders to unveil.
Tianzi Mountains, China.
Found in the Tianzi Mountain Nature Reserve, in Wulingyuan, Hunan Province, China, are thousands of eerily beautiful, towering peaks, that rise from the valley floor. The peaks are best viewed from the top of Tianzi (Son of Heaven) Mountain. Due to its towering height, the mountain is known to locals as being 'the Monarch of the Peak Forest'. For those not willing to climb the mountain, the magnificent view can still be seen from the comfort of the Reserves cable-car system. Due to the high amount of fog, mist, and clouds that descends upon the area, the peaks often look as if they are rising from the very fog itself, giving the scene an eerie and dramatic look. The Tianzi Mountains were actually director James Cameron's inspiration for the Pandora floating mountains in his hit blockbuster 'Avatar'. The highest of these peaks reaches 1,262 meters above sea-level. Many of the peaks, and the surrounding landscape are crowned by pine trees, adding to the area's mysterious atmosphere. With the change of the seasons comes a different spectacle to the Reserve, the four wonders are; the Sea of Clouds, the Radiance of the Moonlight, Rays of Sunshine, and Snow in winter.
Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia.
Salar de Uyuni is known for being the world's largest salt flat, and is also admired as one of the world's most spectacular landscapes. The salt flat covers an enormous distance of 12000 square kilometers, and sits at 3653m above sea-level. Salar de Uyuni was formed after a prehistoric salt lake called Lago Minchin dried up many years ago, leaving behind several salt flats, most famously Salar de Uyuni. It is estimated that Salar de Uyuni contains approximately 10 billion tonnes of salt, and is the worlds biggest provider of lithium.This is what one beholds; a gigantic desert of diamond-like salt as far as the eye can see. This beautiful desert is dotted by small islands that loom from the otherwise unchanging landscape. These islands are inhabited by llamas, and giant species of cacti, and they only reinforce the idea that Salar de Uyuni is a world unto itself. However, the prettiest spectacle to behold in Salar de Uyuni is the sight that greets people after it has rained. The rainwater coats the salt desert and turns it into a veritable mirror of the sky.
Iguazu Falls, Brazil and Argentina.
Between the border that separates the Argentinian province Misiones, and the Brazilian state Parana, are over 270 waterfalls that explode from the Iguazu River. These are the Iguazu ("big water") Falls, a waterscape that has been listed as one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The Iguazu Falls are what separates the Iguazu River into its upper and lower portions. The Falls was officially discovered in 1541, by the Spanish Conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, and have inspired such marvel and pride that they have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Iguazu Falls consist of 275 waterfalls that are spread out along 2.7 kilometers of the Iguazu River. The majority of the waterfalls are roughly 64 meters in height, although the biggest waterfall of the Falls is the immense Devils Throat; which is 82 meters in height, and marks the border between Argentina and Brazil. The Iguazu Falls impressively has the greatest average annual flow of any waterfall in the world, beating the Niagara and Victoria Falls. The Iguazu Falls were formed by volcanic activity over 135 million years ago, however the locals have invented fanciful legends to explain this natural phenomenon.
Cave of the Crystals, Mexico.
Found deep in the Naica Mine of Chihuahua, Mexico, is the mystical Cave of Crystals, that holds some of the biggest natural crystals on Earth. Described as "the Sistine Chapel of Crystals" by geologist Juan Manuel Garcia Ruiz, the Cave of Crystals is clustered with gigantic gypsum crystals, that are 1- meter thick, and can measure 11 meters in length. The Cave's strange and rare conditions have allowed for the growth of the biggest crystals in the World. The Cave's temperature is a consistent, steamy 58 degrees Celsius, and was formerly submerged by mineral-rich water. However, the vital water that formerly submerged the Cave has been pumped out, due to modern-day operations, allowing for the Cave to be explored by scientists and miners. From the photograph opposite, one can understand the sheer immensity of the Cave itself, and the gargantuan crystals it holds.
Hang Son Doong Cave, Vietnam.
Imagine, a cave so large that it could fit a modern-day skyscraper within its confines. This is how absolutely immense the Hang Son Doong Cave ('Mountain River Cave')located in Quang Binh province, Vietnam, is. The Cave is actually believed to be the largest cave in the World. Hang Son Doong Cave was first founded in 1991 by a local man named Ho Khanh, however, the cave was not officially explored until 2009, when a group of British Scientists took the plunge. The Cave was believed to have been created by river water eroding limestone underneath a mountain, approximately 2.5 million years ago. The Cave is so big that it contains its own fast-flowing river, jungle, climate, misty clouds, fossil pathways, and gargantuan stalactites and stalagmites that grow and hang from the cave. The Hang Son Doong Cave is so mammoth, that it approximately measures in at six miles long, 650 ft wide, and 550 ft tall- big enough for a Boeing 747 to fly around in!
Alternately known as the Northern Lights, the Aurora Borealis is undoubtedly one of the World's most dazzling natural sights. Occurring around the Northern magnetic pole, this natural phenomenon takes place due to gaseous particles from the Earth's atmosphere, colliding with charged particles from the sun's atmosphere. As a result of this collision, is a stunning spectacle of brilliant colored lights that dance across the Northern night sky. These colored lights can appear in the sky as streamers, clouds, rays, or soaring arcs. The colors of the lights range from green, yellow, blue, red, purple, and pink. The colors of the lights are influenced by the types of gas particles that collided. For instance, the most common light color of yellowish- green is created from oxygen particles, red is created from high-altitude oxygen, and blue and purple originate from nitrogen. The best places in the World to see the Aurora Borealis is from far Northern countries, such as Scandinavia, Greenland, Canada, Iceland, Alaska, and particularly Norway.