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Travel Jaipur: Historic Jain temple in Amber

Updated on August 1, 2016

Amber Jain temple Mulgambhara

Mulgambhara, the inner sanctum where the idols are placed.
Mulgambhara, the inner sanctum where the idols are placed. | Source
Painings at Mulgambhara of Amber Jain temple
Painings at Mulgambhara of Amber Jain temple | Source
Arch with gold paintings inside Amber Chandaprabhu Jain temple
Arch with gold paintings inside Amber Chandaprabhu Jain temple | Source
Paintings in Gumbaz and wall of Amber Jain temple
Paintings in Gumbaz and wall of Amber Jain temple | Source

Sri Chandaprabhu Jain temple in Amber

Sri Chandra Prabhu Jain temple in Amber is one of the oldest temples in Jaipur, the Pink city. Chandra Prabhu is the eighth Jain Tirthankar. The temple is situated near Amber fort, a tourist attraction of the pink city. It is worth noting that Amber (10 KM from Jaipur) was the old capital of Kachhawa dynasty.

ChandaPrabhu or Chandra Prabha is eighth in the series of 24 Jain Tirthankar. Chandra is a Sanskrit word that means the moon and Prabha mean the light. The word Chandaprabhu is derived in Hindi from Sanskrit Chandra Prabha. His symbol is the moon. It is believed that worshiping the Lord can eradicate evil effects of the planet moon according to Indian astrology.

Establishment day of the Amber temple is not known. However, the temple is at least four hundred years old. We find a description of Chandraprabhu temple in some historical manuscripts of the 17th century. Jain monk Shiva Chandra Gani was instrumental to "Jirnoddhar" (major repairing and maintenance) of this temple some two hundred years back. An inscription in stone in the temple depicts the same.

The Chandaprabhu temple has a huge courtyard surrounded by Veranda where worshipers can sit and offer prayer.This Swetambar Jain temple includes three Tirthankara idols being the Principle deity Chanda Prabhu. The Swetambar Jain temple is about four hundred years old. There are idols of Shashan Deva and Shashan Devi inside the temple. A Bhairav is installed outside the temple.

The temple is beautifully decorated with wall paintings. Some of these are gold paintings representing Mogul- Rajput school.

Amber Jain temple photos

Main gate of Chandaprabhu Jain temple, Amber
Main gate of Chandaprabhu Jain temple, Amber | Source
Main gate of Amber Jain temple, Jaipur
Main gate of Amber Jain temple, Jaipur | Source
Inside Amber temple
Inside Amber temple | Source

Nandishwar Dweep and Amber temple

Nandishwar Dweep (island) is famous in Jain geography. It is said that the gods go to Nandishwar Dweep for worshiping. It is also said that the island is eternal, beautiful and consists of 52 temples of Tirthankara.

There is a wooden structure of Nandishwar Dweep in Amber temple.Temple authorities used to bring out the structure every year on the day of establishment of Amber temple. Nandishwar Dweep Pujan is carried out every year on the same day (Ashwin Shukla Tritiya, the third day of Navratri).

Nandishwar Dweep Pujan was written by Shiva Chandra Gani on the above mentioned day in the Amber temple itself about two centuries back.

Large numbers of Swetambar Jain assembled at Chandaprabhu temple in Amber on that day to celebrate the occasion.The day will fall on October 10 this year, 2010.The Swetambar Jain community of Jaipur is preparing to celebrate the day and worship. The annual function includes a lunch for everyone attending the Puja and celebration.

Update: I have put this article on the web more than a year back. Sri Jain Swetambar Khartar Gachchh Sangh, Jaipur, managing the temple will celebrate Amber fair again on October 30 this year, 2011.

108 Dipak Aarati: Samavasharana

Amber Jain Dadabadi

There is Jin Kushal Suri Dadabadi situated opposite to Sri Chandaprabhu Shwetambar Jain temple. Sri Nathmal Chandalia, eminent personality of Jaipur and a Jain devotee sponsored rebuilding this Dadabadi. Footprints of Dada Jin Kushal Suri is established inside the Dadabadi.

Jin Kushal Suri was a famous Shwetambar Jain Acharya of the 13th century. He belonged to Khartar Gachchh sect. He preached nonviolence to fifty thousand people and initiated them to follow Jainism. Large numbers of Jain community members are successors of those initiated by Jin Kushal Suri. He is known for his miracles.

Dada means " Grandfather" in Hindi language and Jin Kushal Suri is nicknamed as "Dada" because of his popularity among Jain. " Badi" means garden. Hence, Dadabadi is a place of worshiping Dadaguru with garden.

Amber Dadabadi has a huge compound with Dharamshala, garden, and a marriage lawn.

Both the temple and Dadabadi are managed by Sri Jain Shwetambar Khartar Gachchh Sangh, Jaipur.

Dadaguru Pujan at Kolkata Dadabari

Amber fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

UNESCO world heritage- Amber fort

Amber as a historical place

Kachhawa dynasty shifted its capital from Khoh to Amber, since then Amber or Amer became important in Indian history. It was the capital of Rajputana and an important place in Rajasthan. Princess Jodha, daughter of King Bharmal of Amer was married to Jalaluddin Akbar, the Mogul emperor. Her son Saleem succeeded Akbar and became emperor of India. He changed his name to Jahangeer.

Maharaja Mansingh, son of Bharmal succeeded Raja Bharmal as the king of Amber. He was also appointed as general of Mogul army. He conquered several states in India for his Master Akbar. Kachhawa dynasty ruled Rajputana from Amber for several generations. Later on, Sawai Jaising shifted his capital from Amber and built Jaipur as his capital.

Amer Jain temple

A markerChandaprabhu Swetambar Jain temple Amber, Jaipur -
Shri Chandaprabhu Swetambar Jain temple, Sagar Road, Amer, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302028, India
get directions

Shri Chandaprabhu Swetambar Jain temple, Sagar Road, Amer, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302028, India is a historical temple of 16-17 century, near Amber fort.


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    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks Kalpana. It will be nice to visit Jain temples in Jaipur.

    • profile image

      kalpanajain 3 years ago

      I want to trevel JAIN shwetamber Mandir @ near jaipur

    • profile image

      Amish 5 years ago

      Nice Info, I have been to Amer about 6 yrs ago , but didn't about this at that time. In this December I am visiting Jaipur again ,will definitely like to go there.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 6 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Uttam,

      Thanks for commenting. Where are you now?

      ]I have not gone to Jiaganj Dadabadi since long time. If you have some photographs of newly build Kiratbagh Dadabadi, Pl send me. I will put a hub on the topic.

      Jyoti Kothari

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      uttam lorha 6 years ago

      uyou can also see m JIAGANJ DADABARI

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 7 years ago from Tumkur

      It is is fine. I have visited Amber(Amer) twice, but the guide has not told anything about that.Gold plated drawingas in Jain temples in Rajasthan arre very beautiful to look.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi HP,

      I have edited the hub and included some historical facts about the temple.

      hanks for your comment and query.

    • H P Roychoudhury profile image

      H P Roychoudhury 7 years ago from Guwahati, India

      The ancient Jain temples are the symbol of glorious Pink City. The painting depicted in the temples signifies the lost glory of the temple. The hub is marvelous to bring the glorious history of Pink City in front. I feel I could know more if the historical details were given along with it.