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An Admirable Mountain Range

Updated on September 17, 2013

Puerto Rico is an archipelago of islands within the archipelago of the Antilles. The smaller nearby islands are also part of Puerto Rico. These two small islands are part of the 78 municipalities: Vieques and Culebra. Puerto Rico is 180 km long by 65 km wide, divided into three geographical areas:

  • The Karst regions
  • The Coastal Plain
  • The Central Mountain Range

"As the mountains surround Jerusalem, So the LORD surrounds His people From this time forth and forever ." (Psalm 125:2)

I love this island and my patriotic feelings toward it will always prevail because I also know that God is the creator of the Universe and He had me born here; this is why I have the necessity to share this admirable mountain range.



Maps below are for reference since some municipals will be mentioned; this way when you come to visit this beautiful island of Puerto Rico you will know where to go.

If it wasn't for maps and because we take any road just for the fun of having adventure, feeling we are lost, the information written here and my invitation wouldn't have come by my heart.

Each picture taken fills us of a holy profoundness since we are presenting God's amazing creation, which brings peace and knowledge. Hop into the car in your imagination with us until you really come to visit.


Puerto Rico


The Puerto Rico Karst

The Puerto Rico Karst is divided into two major regions the Northern (in the subtropical moist forest life zone) and the Southern (in the subtropical dry forest life zone).

These karst cover more than one third of the island. In the Northern karst is located The Camuy Cave Park and The Arecibo Observatory (The world's largest radio/telescope).

This area consists of formations of limestone rock which have various uses like:

  • building material
  • aggregate for the base of roads
  • white pigment or filter in products such as toothpaste or paints
  • chemical feedstock


The Coastal Plain

The Coastal Plain is about 1,126 kilometers with beaches and sand dunes. The largest cities of the island are located on this area, since it is almost flat: in the North is San Juan, in the South is Ponce, and in the west Mayaguez.

The Central Mountain Range

The Central Mountain Range covers most of the island of Puerto Rico. These admirable chain of mountains include:

Cordillera Central

These chain of mountains are from Aibonito on the east to Maricao on the west. These mountains cover approximately 35 km from the Northern Coast to 20 km from the Southern Coast. The highest peaks are found between the municipals of Villalba and Adjuntas.

  • Cerro La Puntita 1,338 m (4,390 ft.)
  • Tres Pichachos 1,205 m (3,953 ft.)
  • Monte Jayuya 1,315 m (4,314 ft.)
  • Cerro Rosa 1,267 m (4,157 ft.)
  • Cerro Maravilla 1,205 m (3,953 ft.)
  • Monte Guilarte 1,204 m (3,950 ft.)


Sierra de Cayey

Sierra de Cayey approaches 122 m (400 ft.) extending from Cayey to Humacao. Sierra Guardarraya and Cuchillas de Panduras are two ramifications that extend southeast between Yabucoa and Maunabo. The Carite Forest Reserve is located here.

The picture to the right is Cerro Las Tetas very famous in Puerto Rico...I wonder why?

Sierra de Luquillo

Sierra de Luquillo is from Gurabo to Fajardo, in the northeast of Puerto Rico. The peaks found are:

  • El Yunque 1,065 m (3,494 ft.)
  • El Toro 1,074 m (3,524 ft.)
  • El Pico Oeste 1,056 m (3,416 ft.)

Sierra Bermeja

Sierra Bermeja extends from Guanica to the southwestern tip of the island; it is located south of El Valle de Lajas (largest valley in PR) and it is the smallest of the branches of the Central Mountain range. It's highest peak reaches 1000 ft.

Admire God's creation

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Road PR14Road PR14Cerrillos LakeForestall Reserve of Toro NegroView from the South to The Central Mountains
Road PR14
Road PR14 | Source
Road PR14
Road PR14 | Source
Cerrillos Lake
Cerrillos Lake | Source
Forestall Reserve of Toro Negro
Forestall Reserve of Toro Negro | Source
View from the South to The Central Mountains
View from the South to The Central Mountains | Source

Lesson from the trip

I hope you liked the ride because it was awful sad to leave the admirable mountain range of Puerto Rico and go into the urban life, but you know what I learned in this trip?

"We are part of God's creation, let His nature flourish inside; that way the peace found within the mountains will be blossoming from our own heart in spite of the environment."

© Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill

Cerro Punta Jayuya, Puerto Rico Highest Pick on the Island

© 2012 Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill


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    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      8 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      pstraubie48, welcome to Puerto Rico in advance. Thanks for the comment.

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 

      8 years ago from North Central Florida

      Wow...this is gorgeous. I am traveling there in November. Thank you for giving me an 'insider's view.' What a lovely thing for you to be thankful that God made these beautiful mountains and allowed you to be born there!!! Voted beautiful

    • Froggy213 profile image

      Greg Boudonck 

      8 years ago from Returned to an Isla Del Sol - Puerto Rico Will Rise Strong

      It was a beautiful trip!!!


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