ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ancient Settlements Along The Delta Of The Nile River

Updated on June 29, 2015
map of Nile river
map of Nile river

Importance of the Nile River

SINCE ancient times the NILE RIVER was very important for all kinds of people, especially the Egyptians living near it. It rains but very seldom in Egypt so the annual floods between June and September brought about by heavy summer rains from the Ethiopian highlands and channeled through the Nile River is the main source of water for their plants, crops, animals and for their personal use.

Nile flooding happens in Oct. at 45 ft in Aswan, enriching agriculture through fertile silts, mud it brings. Today flooding no longer occurs because of the control done by the Aswan Dam.
Nile flooding happens in Oct. at 45 ft in Aswan, enriching agriculture through fertile silts, mud it brings. Today flooding no longer occurs because of the control done by the Aswan Dam.

Benefits that the Nile River annual floods bring

Year after year the annual floods came. It causes the banks of the Nile River to overflow floodwater on the flat desert lands, bringing along its way mud and silts that were very fertile and suited for all kinds of plants and crops. Then after long period of time as a result of the yearly flooding- mud and silts gathered and formed into considerable areas of delta

Aswan High Dam (Britannica)
Aswan High Dam (Britannica)

The annual floods no longer happens today, why?

However- the annual flood no longer happens in modern Egypt today from 1970 up because of the construction of the ASWAN DAM in the 1960s which controls it.

Deltas formed and gave rise to human settlement
Deltas formed and gave rise to human settlement

What were the benefits derived from the river deltas?

Egyptians and other tribes of people found the river deltas not only suitable for planting crops but also good places to live because of the ease of transportation and communication provided by the Nile River as well as its inexhaustible supply of fish and so human settlements along its deltas sprung like mushrooms.

Alexandria City
Alexandria City


  • It is the largest seaport and the 2nd largest city n Egypt on the Mediterranean at the west end of the Nile delta;
  • population 3,341,000 (male 51.15%; female 48.85%)
  • Tourist: 54 hotels, 1819 mosques, 36 churches.
  • It was founded by Alexander the Great.
  • It became an administrative, commercial and cultural center under the Ptolemies and the Romans.
  • Its library of 700,000 volumes was the greatest of ancient times.
  • It declined with the discovery of a route around the Cape of Good Hope,
  • flourished again in the 19th century under Mohammed Ali.
  • Again the principal Egyptian port, it is an industrial center with food, chemical products, cigarettes and textiles as main products.

Damanhur city
Damanhur city


  • IT is a city in N. Egypt, capital of Beheira province in the Nile delta;
  • population of 188,931 taken in 1986.
  • Its industries include cotton ginning, potato processing, date picking, rice.
  • It is the burial place of RABBI YAAKOV ABUHATZEIRA who died there in 1879 on his way to the Land of Israel.
  • The site is visited every year by hundreds of devotees.
  • AHMED H. ZEWAIL, the 1999 Nobel Prize Winner for Chemistry was born in Damanhur in 1946.

Cairo City
Cairo City


  • It is the capital of the Arab republic of Egypt at the head of the Nile delta with a population estimated in 1994 at 13 million people.
  • Founded in 969, it is the country's administrative, commercial and cultural center.
  • It is the site of Al-Azhar University and 2 state universities.
  • It has 400 mosques.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Please create a page of ancient civilizations near Nile River


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)