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Borobudur in Indonesia, No Wonder of the World?
Out of the middle of jungles in Central Java, a magnificent Monument arised outstandingly: Borobudur is the largest ancient Buddhist temple in the world.
It is located 40km northwest of Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. The temple location is between two volcanoes Merapi and Merbabu, and between meeting place of two rivers, Elo and Progo.
It is built around 8th and 9th century in Central Java, Indonesia. After for centuries being hidden and lost, it was discovered by British exploration under Thomas Raffles in 1814.
Now, how popular is Borobudur?
A private Swiss foundation announced in July 2007 a new poll result of Seven Wonders of the World, in which Borobudur is not included. It did not even manage the shortlist of 21 out of 77 sites. Sad but true. Many Indonesians are concerned and disappointed.
The official New 7Wonders of the World elected by more than 100millions people around the globe list following sites:
Chicenitza Mexico, Christ Redeemer Brazil, Colloseum Italy, Machu Piccu Peru, Great Wall of China, Petra Jordan, Taj Mahal India.
When asked about Borobudur, most Indonesians claim that it is one of the seven wonders of the world –despite the fact that there is no official evidence documents of it.
Many argued Borobudur deserves to be in the list more than Taj Mahal, or Christ overlooking statue in Rio de Janeiro. The new poll was voted by 100 million people around the globe.
Borobudur may deserve to be in the list. Borobudur may deserve to be recognized as one wonder.
The other finalists that managed to top 21, are among others:
Pyramids of Giza Egypt, Sydney Opera Australia, Statue of Liberty USA, Eifel Tower France, and Neuschwanstein Castle Germany.
It means, Borobudur popularity is way lower than those mentioned above. Sad, but true.
When we take a look at Borobudur temple and surrounding, one thing is obvious: Indonesian government does not invest enough to increase the image of Borobudur Temple nor to draw world’s attentions to Borobudur.
Singapore has its Esplanade, the pinapple-like theater building on the bay; Australia has its Sydney Opera building, Malaysia has twin Petronas Tower. Indonesia has beautiful Bali beaches and Bali temples?
Oh well, however, at least:
In Indonesia there are seven sites that belong to National Heritage Sites, which are:
Borobudur Temple, Komodo National Park, Prambanan Temple, Ujung Kulon National Park, Sangiran Early Man Site, Lorentz National Park, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.
Since 1991 Borobudur has been accredited as one of National Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
What does Borobudur have?
Built on a bedrock hill with nine platforms consuming 55000 meter cubic of stones taken from neighboring rivers, it is an amazing masterpiece at its time, namely at around 8-9th century.
It has six rectangular
platforms and three circular platforms . When looked from above the construction of Borobudur temple
looks like a giant tantric Buddha mandala. It has a shape of pyramid. It has its own
drainage system, and it has no inner space. Its foundation is a square.
On the circular layers there are total of 72 bell-shaped stupas. Hidden
in each stupa is a Buddha statue on lotus position (sitting on crossed leg). On top of the monument at the last circular platform is a 10m height large stupa centered representing the center of energy and perfection.
Visitors can reach the top by stairs which is guided by lion statues at each side. On each wall of the first six platforms there are many Buddists reliefs/galleries, that when stretched will reach a distance of 5km.
Borobudur Temple contains interesting Buddhist philosophy reflected
in its unique architecture on fabulous geometrical calculation.
Unfortunately, many of statues and reliefs were destroyed, lost or stolen. (For example: in 19th century during Dutch colonial, there were many statues taken from the site to be delievered as special gifts to the King of Siam. Thus many of those can be founded at Museum of Bangkok, Thailand)
Borobudur keeps its mystery of how long was it was built and how many tremendeous labor and workers it needed, why exactly it was built, and why exactly was it buried unfounded for centuries.
Borobudur has gone through huge restoration programs during 1907-1911 (under Dutch government) and in 1973-1983 (by Indonesian government and Unesco).
Now you can enjoy the results
and wonder this ancient cultural heritage.
Standing on a 123m hill of Borobudur top, you can see the mountain chains on North, from whose back the sun is arising at around 5.30, coloring the sky with complete color palettes from grey, darkblue,blue, yellow, rose red, to white sky blue.
Books on Travelling in Indo
- Top Indonesian Heritage Sites to Visit
Seven Indonesian World Heritage Site recognized by UNESCO. This list tells you about three cultural heritage sites and four natural heritage sites.
- Borobudur Temple, The Pride of Indonesia
BOROBUDUR TEMPLE, THE PRIDE OF INDONESIA Borobudur temple is better known than Prambanan temple.
- The Great Temple of Borobudur
When you make trip to Jogyakarta, Indonesia don’t miss to visit Borobudur temple at Magelang Central Java.