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Canada's National Parks: 125 years protecting nature

Updated on July 13, 2011
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Firth River, Yukon/Photo by: brynq, Source: fanpop.comIndian Head Cove from the Bruce Trail/Photo by: Bruce Peninsula National Park, June 2007Newfoundland's coastal lowlands/ Photo from: Canadian Landscapes Photo Collection, Geological Survey of CanadaAn Orca whale and a salmon off the coast of British Columbia's Gulf Islands/Photo by: Jeff Lorton Source:www.westcoastwhales.ca
Firth River, Yukon/Photo by: brynq, Source: fanpop.com
Firth River, Yukon/Photo by: brynq, Source: fanpop.com
Indian Head Cove from the Bruce Trail/Photo by: Bruce Peninsula National Park, June 2007
Indian Head Cove from the Bruce Trail/Photo by: Bruce Peninsula National Park, June 2007
Newfoundland's coastal lowlands/ Photo from: Canadian Landscapes Photo Collection, Geological Survey of Canada
Newfoundland's coastal lowlands/ Photo from: Canadian Landscapes Photo Collection, Geological Survey of Canada
An Orca whale and a salmon off the coast of British Columbia's Gulf Islands/Photo by: Jeff Lorton Source:www.westcoastwhales.ca
An Orca whale and a salmon off the coast of British Columbia's Gulf Islands/Photo by: Jeff Lorton Source:www.westcoastwhales.ca

From the arctic natural corridor of Firth River in Yukon to the thousands years old cedars forests in Ontario's Bruce peninsula; and from the unique combination of geologic features in Newfoundland's coastal lowland bordering the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the alpine plateau of the Long Range Mountains, to the marine animal diversity in British Columbia's Gulf Islands, Canada is blessed with a magnificent and exhilarating natural beauty that is revealed in its endless and vibrant landscapes, and rich and dynamic bio-diversity. In light of such natural beauty, and geological and ecological diversity, since the late 19th century Canadian governments started a project to preserve those resources for future generations.

On November 1885, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald decided to set aside for protection a small reserve about 26 square km (10 square mi) on the northern slope of Sulphur Mountains. The public park was set in order to conserve the hot springs at Cave and Basin and was named Banff Hot Springs Reserve. The hot springs were discovered in 1883 by two railway employees working on the construction of the first transcontinental railway through the Rocky Mountains. When the potential of the hot springs as a tourist attraction spread, and several conflicting claims for land titles were addressed to the Minister of the Interior, the government chose not to grant private title. Instead, decided to preserve that natural resource and beauty for the benefit of all Canadians. This was the beginning of the first Canadian national park, Banff National Park, which was established in 1887 after the approval of the Rocky Mountain Park Act.

Banff National Park, is America's second national park (after Yellowstone) and the world’s third oldest. Spanning 6,641 square km (2,564 square mi) of meadows, rivers, valleys, mountains, glaciers and forests, it is one of the world's largest protected natural domains. It is also, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

On March 19, 2010, the Canadian government inaugurated a whole year of celebrations of the 125th birthday of the founding of Banff National Park and the creation of Parks Canada. The conservation project initiated 125 years ago, today includes 36 National Parks and six National Park Reserves scattered around every one of the nation's 13 provinces and territories. Eleven of those parks are among UNESCO's World Heritage Sites.

The parks and reservations are managed primarily to protect the ecological integrity of the representative areas of the country, and to allow the public to explore, learn about and enjoy Canada's natural spaces.

Let's celebrate Canada's nature!


Check this gorgeous promotional video for the 125th Anniversary of Canada's National Parks

Map of Canada's National Parks

 Canada's National Parks/Source: Natural Resources Canada [www.nrcan.gc.ca]   CLICK THIS IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Canada's National Parks/Source: Natural Resources Canada [www.nrcan.gc.ca] CLICK THIS IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Grinnell Glacier Overlook at Waterton Lakes National Park/Photo by:Catherine Granger
Grinnell Glacier Overlook at Waterton Lakes National Park/Photo by:Catherine Granger

Canada's National Parks by Province

Glacier National Park/ Photo from: www.bon-voyage.co.uk
Glacier National Park/ Photo from: www.bon-voyage.co.uk
Mother polar bear with cubs, Wapusk National Park/Source of photo: www.firstpeople.us/ pictures/polar-bears
Mother polar bear with cubs, Wapusk National Park/Source of photo: www.firstpeople.us/ pictures/polar-bears
Peregrine Falcon, Tuktut Nogait National Park/Photo by:Joachim Obst  Parks Canada
Peregrine Falcon, Tuktut Nogait National Park/Photo by:Joachim Obst Parks Canada
Scenic Tobermor at Georgian Bay/Source of Photo: www.marinasontario.com
Scenic Tobermor at Georgian Bay/Source of Photo: www.marinasontario.com
The astounding monoliths of the Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve of Canada are a jawdropping delight/Source of Photo:www.quebec-capsurlest.fr
The astounding monoliths of the Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve of Canada are a jawdropping delight/Source of Photo:www.quebec-capsurlest.fr
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kluane National Park Reserve lies in the southwest corner of the Yukon Territory and has more than 2000 glaciers in its ice field.  Predators thrive in this wild, remote environment - timber wolves, lynx, grizzly bears,
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kluane National Park Reserve lies in the southwest corner of the Yukon Territory and has more than 2000 glaciers in its ice field. Predators thrive in this wild, remote environment - timber wolves, lynx, grizzly bears,

Comments

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    • Sofina Clara profile image

      Sofina Clara 

      5 years ago from Waterton Park, Alberta

      Nice post! Waterton Lakes National Park is a national park located in southwest corner of Alberta, Canada. The place is accomplished with absolute scenery, wildlife, forest and fauna.

      http://www.waterton.ca/

    • profile image

      muhammad nasir rajput 

      6 years ago

      very nice country canada

    • SimpleGiftsofLove profile image

      SimpleGiftsofLove 

      6 years ago from Colorado

      What an amazing hub! I love Canada, it is breathtaking and you presented it so well. Rated up and I am following you for more! You chose amazing pictures that give a real view of the beauty! Very thorough!

    • atomicpaulsen profile image

      atomicpaulsen 

      7 years ago from Orem, UT

      me and some buddies used to go to gargantua, a huge cave on the border of Alberta and BC... it was so awesome and scary at times because you never knew if you were going to be able to get out the back end since it was covered in ice sometimes. good times... good hub!

    • profile image

      Margaflores 

      7 years ago from Barcelona

      I love the pictures! They are really nice!

    • bueler profile image

      bueler 

      7 years ago from California

      Wow, really great pictures and information. I would love to visit any of these national parks.

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