ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Travel and Places»
  • Visiting South America

Caral: oldest city of the Americas, 2,600 B.C.

Updated on September 14, 2013
Valley of the Rio Supe
Valley of the Rio Supe
Road from Supe to Caral
Road from Supe to Caral
Road to the Caral ruins
Road to the Caral ruins
Caral arqueological site
Caral arqueological site
View from the Caral viewpoing
View from the Caral viewpoing
One of the Caral pyramids
One of the Caral pyramids

Caral is a large settlement in the arid Supe Valley, in the Barranca province of Peru, some 200 km north of the capital Lima and 20 km away from the Pacific coast. It is one of the most ancient cities of the Americas and possibly of the entire world. The ancient pyramids of Caral predate the Inca civilisation by 4000 years, but were flourishing a century before the pyramids of Gizeh! They are the most important archaeological discovery in Peru since Machu Picchu in 1911!

Archaeologist Ruth Shady explored the 5,000 year-old city of pyramids in the Peruvian desert, with its elaborate complex of temples, amphitheater and ordinary houses. The urban complex is spread out over 150 acres (607,000 m²) and contains plazas and residential buildings. Caral was a thriving metropolis at the time when Egypt's great pyramids were being built.

No trace of warfare has been found in Caral. Shady's findings suggest it was a gentle society, built on the basis of commerce and pleasure. Amongst the artefacts discovered are 32 flutes made from pelican and animal bones, engraved with the figures of birds and monkeys, which shows that although situated on the Pacific coast, its inhabitants knew about the animals of the Amazon.

The heart of the site covers 150 acres and contains six stone platform mounds – pyramids. The largest mound measures 154 by 138 metres, although it is only twenty metres high.

Caral’s dating of 2627 BC is beyond dispute, as it is based on carbondating reed and woven carrying bags that were found on the site. These bags were used to carry the stones used for the construction of the pyramids.
The town itself had a population of approximately 3000 people. But there are 17 other sites in the area, which allows for a possible total population of 20,000 people in the valley.

In July 2006, Caral was opened for tourism. With the support of PromPeru, and being just two hours north of Lima along the easily accessible Pan-American Highway, the number of tourists is expected to rise in the near future.

Pre-Inca history and archaeology books

Peruvian Prehistory: An Overview of Pre-Inca and Inca Society
Peruvian Prehistory: An Overview of Pre-Inca and Inca Society

Peruvian pre-history: an overview of the pre-Inca and Inca society-

 

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • sylvia13 profile image
      Author

      Sylvia Gadea de Beer 7 years ago from Shoal Bay, NSW, Australia

      Thanks very much for your contribution! It was even nice to see Barranca written here as well, as it has been many years since I was in that area!

    • profile image

      Vìctor Colàn Ormeño 7 years ago

      CARAL: THE OLDEST CIVILIZATION OF PERU AND AMERICA.

      Civilization was formed in the north-central area of Peru before it occurred in any other of the Americas.

      The research activities in the province of Barranca have shown that the north-central area was where civilization came into being of the Americas. Its age has been confirmed by 300 radio carbon datings, at 3500 to 1800 years before our time.

    • profile image

      Sara Mario Cordovez 8 years ago

      Muy interesante y muy bien escrito , se aprende de nuestras culturas precolombinas Sara

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)