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Chand Minar- the second highest tower in India
Minars or tall towers are typically associated with Islamic architecture. These tall towers, in various forms & heights, can be seen in almost all types of buildings & structures built according to Islamic tradition. They are an inseparable part of the mosques & palaces. Isolated minars are also seen, usually built as Victory Pillars by Sultans & Emperors after some memorable victories.
the tallest minar is the Qutab Minar of Delhi (completed in 1200 A.D.) which at 234 feet is also the tallest individual tower in the world.
The second tallest minar in India is the Chand Minar situated inside the Daulatabad fort at Daulatabad, about 15 km from Aurangabad, a major city in the state of Maharashtra well connected with Mumbai, Hyderabad & other major cities of India through road, rail & air connections.
The Chand minar is 110 feet tall & is a very good specimen of Persian architecture in India. It was constructed bhy Sultan Al-ud-din Bahamani (Ahmad Shah II) in 1435 AD in memory of his victory over Gujrat.
The Iranian style minar is simple externally & internally. It is constructed of stone & was decorated with colored tiles which were stuck on the walls (some of which are still visible).
It has 4 floors with helical stairs inside. For every floor there are 80 steps & 6 ventilator windows. After every floor, a circular balcony is present. At the base there is a 24 –arched chamber without any decorations.
On one side of the minar there is a mosque, & on the other a Naqar Khana.
The minar served as a watch tower & also a place for call for the prayer.
The minar is colored brick-red now, & can be seen from large distances, standing like a sleepless sentinel in front of the pyramidal hill with the Daulatabad fort on its top.