Chandigarh : The City Beautiful
Chandigarh is a city and union territory in India which serves as capital of both Punjab and Haryana states . Chandigarh was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier and is known internationally for its architecture and urban design. Chandigarh is known to be the dream city of first Indian prime minister Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru .Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of "Chandi Mandir" located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. Chandigarh is also known as " City Beautiful " due to its beautiful surroundings, central grid of gardens, each dedicated to different species of flora.
City of Art and Entertainment : Other than its amazing architecture , the city is well known for its art and creativity . The city is well planned unfettered by the traditions of the past , a symbol of India's new found freedom and a step into the future , with a view to reserve its history and heritage. Chandigarh museum of art and gallery is one of the premier institution of India with a very rich collection of Gandharan sculptures, Pahari and Rajasthani miniature paintings.
The museum has five major sections :
- Cyclorama of Evolution of Life
- Nature in Art section
- Manuscript section
- Evolution of Man section
- Dinosaurs of India section
The Rock Garden built by Nekchand is another beautiful piece of art situated in the heart of the city . Punjab Kala Bhavan hosts regular painting exhibitions by well known artists of the country .
City of Nature : Most of Chandigarh is covered by dense banyan and eucalyptus plantations with ample area of the city covered by parks and gardens . Leisure Valley, Rajendra park, Bougainvillea Park, Zakir Rose Garden, Shanti Kunj, Hibiscus Garden, Garden of Fragrance, Botanical Garden, Smriti Upavan, Topiary garden and Terraced Garden are some of the famous parks of Chandigarh. A parrot sanctuary in the city is home to a variety of bird species. Zoological garden houses hundreds of different mammals, birds and reptiles.
Modern City of Modern India : A unique feature of Chandigarh is its roads, classified in accordance with their functions. Certain areas of Chandigarh are of special architectural interest where harmonized and unified composition of building is aimed at. The central plaza in Sector-17 was designated by Le Corbusier as “ Pedestrians Paradise”. The lake is a gift of the creators of Chandigarh to the citizens to be at one with nature, away from the hubbub of city life. Then there is Rajiv Gandhi I.T park that represents post Le Curbesier development of the city .