China Abrogates 1984 Hong Kong Treaty
The Umbrella Movement for Freedom
For the past 75 days, Hong Kong has been undermined by the Chinese government on the mainland. In the past, elections in HK have been fairly free and candidates have come from various political spectrum, from those supporting China to those no so much. The Umbrella Movement began 75 days ago when elections were do and Chinese authorities demanded that all any candidate in the election must be those vetted and approved by the Chinese government in Beijing. What this means is that there is no free election because all candidates basically are pro-Chinese policy and tied to the threats and pressure of the government. Hong Kong would essentially become a puppet entity economic zone, which up to now has NOT been the case. In fact, Hong Kong has been a separate and special economic zone of China with much more freedoms than those just miles away on mainland China! This is because for most of the 20th Century, HK has been under British protection, a colony. It became a capitalist bastion of success when the rest of China was still nothing under Mao and his followers. China cannot deny the truth of this, in fact, China was jealous of it.
When China, still a communist state, dictated to the HK that any candidate would be vetted and approved, over 100,000 residents protested and occupied Hong Kong centers demanding freedom of elections.
Then, China, abrogated and voided the 1984 treaty with Britain, where it clearly stated that Hong Kong would be autonomous and free for 50 years, after which, HK would be under Chinese control. The Chinese did make it a special zone and only certain Chinese were allowed to go there or remain there. That is because freedom is contagious once a population has lived it. Freedom is a good drug, despite the issues it does have. The agreement was signed and in 1997, Hong Kong was handed back to China. Since 1984, only 17 of the 50 years has passed, yet, China voids the agreement and announced so. This shocked the British parliament that were to visit recently to monitor the terms. China's ambassador's excuse for it was, "the agreement is now void and only covered the period from the signing in 1984 to 1997". This is NOT what the 1984 agreement stated, which said that Hong Kong was to have freedom of elections, markets, rule of law and press.
The Chinese government emboldened by its new wealth and strength on the globe ahs said that Britain has no authority and no right to overseeing the agreement. The USA has a new bill that will require American re-certification of the benefits Beijing receives, such as, favored trading partner in the World Trade Organization. Members of Congress and the Senate are concerned about whether China will just to do the same on other contractual agreements.
Just what America or Britain can do about the Chinese is probably not much, which is why China is getting away with it. This is a similar case where China is building a airbase on one of the disputed islands claimed by the Philippines and Vietnam in the South China Sea. They claim this sea as their territory for the most part. One can see where it might lead as China expands and encroaches on others- military confrontation. The stronger China becomes militarily, and it won't be too long, this communist country will simply challenge others to oppose it.
The only stop sign China has today, keeping it in check, is America. But, the day is coming this will no longer pose a threat. Hong Kong may be the "canary" in the underground mine, that danger is building.