ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Cowans Gap State Park in South-Central Pennsylvania

Updated on December 14, 2017

Cowans Gap State Park is located in south-central Pennsylvania in the townships of Metal and Todd. The location of the park was one of the earliest settled areas in this region of Pennsylvania. If you're looking for a excellent park for those family outings then Cowans Gap is the place. There are many non-seasonal, all-year-round, recreational activities at the park. Activities which include hiking the park's many trails, swimming, camping, using one of the many picnic areas, fishing and hunting. Other activities include boating, and numerous winter activities including skiing, ice skating, and ice fishing.

Cowans Gap State Park is comprised of 1,085 acres of park land. Also available are campgrounds, cabins, a fishing pier, and many areas accessible by people with disabilities. The park also provides environmental education programs on request. These programs are open to schools and youth groups. Workshops are also available for teachers. Guided walks of the park are also available.

The Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks [CC BY-SA 3.0 ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
The Pennsylvania Bureau of State Parks [CC BY-SA 3.0 ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

Cowans Gap State Park History

The earliest history at Cowans Gap involves Colonel James Burd during the French and Indian War. He and his men were building Burd's Road, starting at Shippensburg, to connect to Braddock Road. Braddock Road, being built by British Major General Edward Braddock and his men. Burd's Road was never completed since Braddock was defeated at The Battle of the Monongahela, east of Fort Duquesne. Braddock, along with around 500 of his men, died in that battle. A few years later, when the British were trying to take back the Ohio River Valley from the French, work began on the road again. Which led to the building of Forbes Road under the leadership of General John Forbes. The building of the road was successful and the French and their allies were pushed out of the western part of Pennsylvania.

Cowans Gap gained its name not long after the end of the Revolutionary War when John and Mary Cowan settled in the region. John Samuel Cowan and Mary Mueller met in Boston in 1775. John himself was a loyalist while Mary was a patriot. Which led to conflict, in that Mary's family did not want her to get married to John. Regardless of the protest from her family, they eloped. This was all after John returned from the war as a soldier in the British Army. It was only by the breaking down of their wagon that had they settling at Cowans Gap. John traded his horses and the broken wagon with a chief of the Tuscarora in exchange for land at Cowans Gap. Their home was built along Forbes Road.

In the years after, iron furnaces were operated in the area from 1783 up until 1885. Harrison Kalbach bought timber and land rights in 1893, for 4,800 acres in total, and trees were cut down and sold for lumber. His company also built a railroad, of wooden rails, for the purpose of making it easier for the lumber to reach their markets. In the aftermath, around 1907, a large portion of the old-growth forest had been cut down, destroyed, and the resulting erosion damage was also extensive.

Starting around 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps began to repair the environmental destruction done to the area. A reforestation effort took place and resulted in thousands of acres of trees being planted. They also built thirty miles of road, thirty-two miles of fire trails, many of which are trails still in use (13 miles of trails), four bridges, and eleven miles of telephone lines. They also constructed cabins, cleared areas overgrown with brush, built pavilions, and even built the dam that formed Cowans Gap Lake. The resulting environmental work and developments led to the opening of Cowans Gap State Park in 1937.

By courane01 (Bridge over icy water) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
By courane01 (Bridge over icy water) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons | Source
By courane01 (Water behind trees) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
By courane01 (Water behind trees) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

Cowans Gap State Park Trails

Cowans Gap State Park has 13 miles of trails.

Cameron Trail - 1/2-mile trail, moderate difficulty
Doe Trail - 0.2 mile trail with easy hiking
Geyer Trail - 1/2-mile trail, more difficult
North and South Logging Road Trail 1.7 miles with easy hiking
Horseshoe Trail - 1/2-mile trail, more difficult
Knobsville Road Trail - 1.3 miles, moderate difficulty
Lakeside Trail - 1.5 miles with easy hiking
One Mile Trail - 0.4 mile trail with easy hiking
Plessinger Trail - 1.1 miles, moderate difficulty
Three Mile Trail - 1.1 miles, moderate difficulty
Tuscarora Trail - 110 miles with 2 miles within the park, moderate difficulty
Standing Stone Hiking Trail - 76 miles with 2.4 miles within the park, more difficult

Cowans Gap State Park:
6235 Aughwick Rd, Fort Loudon, PA 17224, USA

get directions


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)