Crotone, Calabria: The City of Pythagoras
History of Crotone
Unlike most of Italy, ancient Crotone was one of the most powerful settlements in Magna Graecia rather than ruled by the Roman Empire. The crumbling ruins of a once imposing fortress remain just offshore, testament to its heyday centuries ago.
Crotone of today is known for its zesty Calabrese cuisine and distinctive Ciro wines, as well as its impressive National Archaeological Museum. Winding lanes lead up to Old Town from a lively harbor filled with fishing boats and swank yachts. Inviting piazzas, medieval castles, historic churches and enticing trattorias await exploration, perfect for a leisurely stroll.
The place was founded around 710 BC by Greek migrants from Achaea in the Peloponnesus. Crotone quickly grew to prominence, the number of inhabitants increased in little more than a century.
In addition to its role as a harbor for a good portion of the Greek fleet at the time, Croton was famous for its Olympic athletes in the 500s. Brawn was by no means the city’s only claim to fame. Greek philosopher/mathematician Pythagoras established his famous academy here in 530 BC, together with a medical school founded around the same time.
Eventually, the city would become part of the Byzantine Empire. Then it followed by the Saracens in 870 AD, the Normans and the Kingdom of Naples prior to the unification of Italy in the 19thcentury.
Why Crotone is Called Pythagoras City?
He arrived to Croton in 530 BC and founded a school. Due to Croton’s victory over Sybaris, the followers of Pythagoras had a conflict with the supporters of Croton’s democracy. As a result, the meeting houses of Pythagoras were burned.
Alcmaeon has been one of the great philosopher and medical theorist in Croton. It was believed that he lived in the place, the same time with Pythagoras. Alcmaeon used to apply Phythagorean teachings into his writings. Same thing with the poets Heraclitus of Ephesus and Ion of Chios, their art works were influenced by Pythagoras. These are only few examples of Pythagoras influences during his lifetime in Croton.
Did you know that Pythagoras traveled first in Egypt and other places in Asia before he decided to settle in Crotone?
Few of Crotone City Highlights
1. National Archaeological Museum
The acclaimed museum in the historical city of Crotone Italy. It was the riches museum in Calabria as it houses intrinsic masterpieces. One of its fine collection is the “Magna Graecia” artifacts found from nearby Capo Colonne or Capo Colonna. The artifact collections include a dazzling gold diadem or tiara and a trio of bronze sculptures discovered in 1987.
2. Castle of Charles V
This Medieval castle shaped like a polygon with two cylindrical towers. It was built for the purpose of protecting the coast of Crotone from enemy invasions.
3. Piazza Pythagoras
It is the most famous square in Crotone, as it serves as the meeting point for citizens. The square is surrounded by porches.
4. Cathedral Basilica of Crotone
It’s one of the Old town highlights located in the square, built in 9th century. This neo renaissance cathedral has a bell tower with two levels. It houses the image of Black Madonna of Capo Colonne or Capo Colonna.
5. Santa Severina
It is a town in Crotone named after Severina, a Greek or Roman Saint. The place lies at the center of a valley that looks like a “Stone Ship”. The town was recognized as the most beautiful ancient village in Italy. Wine enthusiasts will be pleased to know the town is also home to one of Calabria’s finest wineries.
6. Franciscan Monastery
It lies along the seafront. This monastery features a small museum.
7. Capo Colonne Lighthouse
The lighthouse is situated near the Greek Temple. It was built in 1873 to honour Hera Lacinia, the queen Olympian goddess of women. Hera was the oldest daughter of Rhea and Cronos.
What are the Things to Do?
1. Visit different archaeological site.
2. Plan an excursion in parks or mountains.
3. Try canoeing or boating on Ampollino Lake.
4. Take a chance to capture wild life animals.
5. Do river trekking.
6. Explore underwater treasures in Crotone.
What are the Must Try Food in Crotone?
1. D.O.C. wine of Ciro - The most popular product in Crotone.
2. Bread of Cutro - It is a bread made of durum wheat.
3. Pecorino Cotronese - It's a cheese made with locally produced milk of sheep.
4. Suppressate - The local salami in town.
5. Sardella - It refers to a poor man's caviar that is produced by adding hot pepper and wild spices to a local fish.
6. Pipi and Patati - Typical Crotone dish for summer. It is made with sweet peppers and potatoes sauteed in garlic oil.
Explore Different Places in Europe
- The Historical Beauty of Split, Croatia
One of the UNESCO heritage site of Croatia, which is the Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian lies in Split. This palace is quite huge and no matter how crowded it can be, there are still full of space to accommodate huge number
- Exploring Northern Belfast Tourist Attractions
Belfast has been one of the most popular tourist spots in Europe. It became famous of having the biggest shipyard. Moreover, the place became more popular because of the RMS Titanic since it was built in the Belfast shipyard.
- Lavender Field Hvar Island Croatia
Hvar, the largest town on the island of the same name, is an appealing blend of Croatian charm and Venetian heritage. Motor yachts (often with celebrities aboard) and sailboats of all sizes are drawn to the “Lavender Island” by its near perfect clima
- The Titanic Experience in Cobh, Ireland
The Titanic Experience Cobh allows visitors to learn and to experience all the real happenings before, during and after the ill fated maiden voyage of RMS Titanic. It gives the chance to stand right on the same spot, where the passengers waited for t
Will You Consider to Visit Crotone Now?
© 2018 Travel Chef