ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Crotone, Calabria: The City of Pythagoras

Updated on June 1, 2018
dredcuan profile image

My passion for cooking leads me to travel to different places, eat authentic local dishes, and inspire everybody to enjoy their lives!

History of Crotone

Unlike most of Italy, ancient Crotone was one of the most powerful settlements in Magna Graecia rather than ruled by the Roman Empire. The crumbling ruins of a once imposing fortress remain just offshore, testament to its heyday centuries ago.

Crotone of today is known for its zesty Calabrese cuisine and distinctive Ciro wines, as well as its impressive National Archaeological Museum. Winding lanes lead up to Old Town from a lively harbor filled with fishing boats and swank yachts. Inviting piazzas, medieval castles, historic churches and enticing trattorias await exploration, perfect for a leisurely stroll.

The place was founded around 710 BC by Greek migrants from Achaea in the Peloponnesus. Crotone quickly grew to prominence, the number of inhabitants increased in little more than a century.

In addition to its role as a harbor for a good portion of the Greek fleet at the time, Croton was famous for its Olympic athletes in the 500s. Brawn was by no means the city’s only claim to fame. Greek philosopher/mathematician Pythagoras established his famous academy here in 530 BC, together with a medical school founded around the same time.

Eventually, the city would become part of the Byzantine Empire. Then it followed by the Saracens in 870 AD, the Normans and the Kingdom of Naples prior to the unification of Italy in the 19thcentury.

Temple of Hera Lacinia
Temple of Hera Lacinia | Source

Why Crotone is Called Pythagoras City?

He arrived to Croton in 530 BC and founded a school. Due to Croton’s victory over Sybaris, the followers of Pythagoras had a conflict with the supporters of Croton’s democracy. As a result, the meeting houses of Pythagoras were burned.

Alcmaeon has been one of the great philosopher and medical theorist in Croton. It was believed that he lived in the place, the same time with Pythagoras. Alcmaeon used to apply Phythagorean teachings into his writings. Same thing with the poets Heraclitus of Ephesus and Ion of Chios, their art works were influenced by Pythagoras. These are only few examples of Pythagoras influences during his lifetime in Croton.

Did you know that Pythagoras traveled first in Egypt and other places in Asia before he decided to settle in Crotone?

Few of Crotone City Highlights

1. National Archaeological Museum

The acclaimed museum in the historical city of Crotone Italy. It was the riches museum in Calabria as it houses intrinsic masterpieces. One of its fine collection is the “Magna Graecia” artifacts found from nearby Capo Colonne or Capo Colonna. The artifact collections include a dazzling gold diadem or tiara and a trio of bronze sculptures discovered in 1987.

2. Castle of Charles V

This Medieval castle shaped like a polygon with two cylindrical towers. It was built for the purpose of protecting the coast of Crotone from enemy invasions.

3. Piazza Pythagoras

It is the most famous square in Crotone, as it serves as the meeting point for citizens. The square is surrounded by porches.

4. Cathedral Basilica of Crotone

It’s one of the Old town highlights located in the square, built in 9th century. This neo renaissance cathedral has a bell tower with two levels. It houses the image of Black Madonna of Capo Colonne or Capo Colonna.

5. Santa Severina

It is a town in Crotone named after Severina, a Greek or Roman Saint. The place lies at the center of a valley that looks like a “Stone Ship”. The town was recognized as the most beautiful ancient village in Italy. Wine enthusiasts will be pleased to know the town is also home to one of Calabria’s finest wineries.

6. Franciscan Monastery

It lies along the seafront. This monastery features a small museum.

7. Capo Colonne Lighthouse

The lighthouse is situated near the Greek Temple. It was built in 1873 to honour Hera Lacinia, the queen Olympian goddess of women. Hera was the oldest daughter of Rhea and Cronos.

Crotone Light House
Crotone Light House | Source

What are the Things to Do?

1. Visit different archaeological site.

2. Plan an excursion in parks or mountains.

3. Try canoeing or boating on Ampollino Lake.

4. Take a chance to capture wild life animals.

5. Do river trekking.

6. Explore underwater treasures in Crotone.

What are the Must Try Food in Crotone?

1. D.O.C. wine of Ciro - The most popular product in Crotone.

2. Bread of Cutro - It is a bread made of durum wheat.

3. Pecorino Cotronese - It's a cheese made with locally produced milk of sheep.

4. Suppressate - The local salami in town.

5. Sardella - It refers to a poor man's caviar that is produced by adding hot pepper and wild spices to a local fish.

6. Pipi and Patati - Typical Crotone dish for summer. It is made with sweet peppers and potatoes sauteed in garlic oil.

Will You Consider to Visit Crotone Now?

See results

© 2018 Travel Chef


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • dredcuan profile imageAUTHOR

      Travel Chef 

      3 years ago from Manila


      Aside from beautiful places, trying authentic food makes me happy during my travel!

    • Ariel Laur profile image

      Ariel Laur 

      3 years ago from New York

      Thank you for sharing your first hand travel experience, knowledge and tips! I especially love the 'foods to try' section of the article and the interesting history.



    • dredcuan profile imageAUTHOR

      Travel Chef 

      3 years ago from Manila


      Yes, Crotone actually exists! It's a very nice place to visit just like any other part of Italy. Thanks for dropping by!

    • Iammattdoran profile image

      Robert Clarke 

      3 years ago from UK

      I've been to Italy on a few different occasions but I was not aware of Crotone. I've mainly just done the north and west. I'll be sure to include this in a future trip to the South of the country.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)