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English language, Cockney rhyming slang

Updated on February 6, 2019
ethel smith profile image

With a keen interest in British politics this writer is never afraid to share her opinion

(C) Keith Park
(C) Keith Park

Cockney rhyming slang is traditionally spoken by those Londoners within the sound of Bow Bells, or so I believe. I live far away from London in Yorkshire and although I have visited this capital city know little about cockney rhyming slang. However, in common with most other British people I do know a few cockney slang phrases. So let's see what I can dig up on this subject.

Chas and Dave classic Cockney humour

Some of the most common cockney rhyming slang phrases that seem to be almost universally known are:

  • Up the apples and pears: STAIRS
  • Mince pies: EYES
  • Pony and trap: CRAP. Pardon the language please.
  • Would you Adam and Eve it: Would you BELIEVE IT.
  • Your boat race: FACE
  • Tea leaf: THIEF
  • The trouble and strife: THE WIFE
  • Luvverly jubbely: ALL'S WELL
  • Syrup of figs: WIG
  • Farmer Giles: PILES or hemorrhoids.
  • If you are brown bread: You are DEAD
  • Battle cruiser: BOOZER, which is another name for a pub.

Now I have written those few samples I guess they may not be universally known. However, at least a few should be known around the UK. With comedy shows such as Only Fools and Horses examples of Cockney rhyming slang, real and fake, are often heard. A classic from the is series was a Ruby Murray which meant a CURRY.

So where did all this strange talk come from, I hear you ask?

With no definite history written it generally seems to be thought that cockney rhyming slang was the talk on the streets in years gone by. In fact it appears that it was the slang of thieves and rogues. In other words cockney rhyming slang was a type of secret language. Messages could be passed to the intended recipient without fear of being overheard. If someone did overhear they had no idea what the conversation was about.

Very clever really, and certainly crafty.

This cockney language was particularly useful when it was invented in the 19th century for use in front of police officers or coppers, as they were often called. Instead of saying a word out loud a word that rhymed with was used instead. With time parts of the phrase were dropped which caused more confusion to non cockneys. However for cockneys it helped confidentiality. An example of this is Daisy Roots which means Boots. These days cockneys would tend to say Daisies for Boots.

Confused? Well hopefully not too much so. Here are some more phrases which you may find entertaining. I have tried to stay clear of expletives or words that some may find offensive but I cannot guarantee this.

  • Jam jar: CAR
  • Cream crackered: KNACKERED
  • Dicky bird: WORD
  • Dog and bone: PHONE
  • Currant bun: SUN
  • Donkey's ears: YEARS
  • Bacon and eggs: LEGS
  • Whistle and flute: SUIT
  • Weasel and float: STOAT
  • Lemon squeezy: EASY
  • Loaf of bread: HEAD
  • Rabbit and pork: TALK
  • Jimmy Riddle: PIDDLE which is another word for urinate.
  • Bread and honey: MONEY
  • Barnett fair: HAIR
  • Army and navy: GRAVY
  • Artful Dodger: LODGER
  • Butcher's hook: LOOK
  • Richard the third: TURD

Of course the lists above are by no means exhaustive.

In order to cope with modern day life new cockney phrases are being created all the time. Even the old phrases are adapted at times. It is quite common for a couple of Cockney rhyming slang words or phrases to be strung together. Take for example:

  • Get yer Bacons up the Apples and Stairs: Get your legs upstairs. In reality this could mean go or come upstairs.
  • Me jam jar's cream crackered: Me car is knackered. In reality this would be my car has broke down.

Finally Cockney rhyming slang was used for describing various notes and coins of the realm. English currency was not called such mundane names as a five pound note and the like. Instead they were:

Archer = £2000
Bag of Sand = £1000
Grand = £1000
Monkey = £500
Ton = £100
Carpet = £30

Pony = £25
Macaroni = £25

Apple Core = £20
Score = £20

Speckled Hen = £10
Uncle Ben = £10
Nigel Ben = £10
Paul McKenna = £10
Ayrton (Senna) = Tenner = £10

Lady (Godiva) = Fiver = £5
Taxi Driver = Fiver = £5

Nicker or Quid = £1
Ten Bob Bit = 50p piece
Oxford = 5 shillings

Lord of the Manor = Tanner (sixpence)
Tanner = sixpence

Some of the coins are no longer valid. Decimalisation changed the face of British currency forever. However most of the note denominations still exists.

These days the term cockney is often used about anyone living in London, which is strictly speaking not true. If you visit our capital city though try not to bandy about cockney rhyming slang unless you are confident of the company you are keeping.

© 2010 Ethel Smith


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    • tastiger04 profile image


      6 years ago

      Interesting hub, found this rather amusing!! Voted up :)

    • htodd profile image


      8 years ago from United States

      That's really great ..Nice

    • ethel smith profile imageAUTHOR

      Ethel Smith 

      8 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Yes Titfer could be an odd one lol

    • Jeff Berndt profile image

      Jeff Berndt 

      8 years ago from Southeast Michigan

      Came across this while surfing around the hubs. Very interesting stuff. I could have used this knowledge some years ago when a fellow I once worked with looked at what I was wearing on my head and said, "Nice titfer." At first I thought he was trying to make fun of me, but he explained, "Tit for tat: Hat."

      Voted up and interesting.

    • ethel smith profile imageAUTHOR

      Ethel Smith 

      9 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Good luck with it Hunar

    • profile image

      Hunar Muhaamed 

      9 years ago

      I've been fascinated with the cockney rhyming slang. I just wanna get more about it because every day am gonna use cockney language. Even I don't let a bit to forget about it. Thanks for your ''Hub Pages'' site.

    • ethel smith profile imageAUTHOR

      Ethel Smith 

      10 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      knell well direct them in the direction of this hub please and get them to click on an ad lol

    • knell63 profile image


      10 years ago from Umbria, Italy

      Hi Ethel, loved the hub. I have tried time and again to explain Cockney Rhyming slang to my Italian students but they think I am making it up. My personal favourite is Chicken Oriental - Mental.

    • ethel smith profile imageAUTHOR

      Ethel Smith 

      10 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Thanks Sandy

    • Sandyspider profile image

      Sandy Mertens 

      10 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Interesting hub. Thanks for sharing.

    • ethel smith profile imageAUTHOR

      Ethel Smith 

      10 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Many thanks to you all. Those who are not English-I am glad it is something new to you.

      HH yes that can be the problem with such communities if you are not quite in the thick of it.

      Shinkicker-Minder is back on TV currently. Enjoyed your Scottish slang, perhaps a hub would be good?

    • H P Roychoudhury profile image

      H P Roychoudhury 

      10 years ago from Guwahati, India

      It is learning lesion for non-British people.

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 

      10 years ago from Chicago

      I didn't know a thing about this. I appreciate the education. It's quite interesting. And well told by you. Thanks!

    • Shinkicker profile image


      10 years ago from Scotland

      Hi Ethel

      A fun read

      I used to love watching Minder and I think they made some rhymes up.

      I remember my favourite was 'Vera and Philharmonic' for gin and tonic :-)

      We have some in Glasgow, unique to us like

      'corn beef' = deef

      'Hampden' (= 'Hampden Roar") = score

      'Alan Hansen' = Dancing

      'Jungle Jims' = Tims = Celtic fans

      'Cream Buns' = Huns = Rangers fans

      'Greyfriars Bobby' = jobby

      They call it Jockney :-)

    • katiem2 profile image

      Katie McMurray 

      10 years ago from Westerville

      WOW did I ever learn a lot, this is very interesting and really impressive, you my dear ethel are the English Cockney rhyming slang whisperer... very nice change of pace ;)

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      10 years ago from London, UK

      Although they are a world of their own and sometimes a bit hard to be around but I love them. My ex lived near Ilford and from Stratford till Barking was nothing but Cockney area. Now you go there is nothing but Bangladesh people there I was shocked. I remember how clingy they were. They are all gone. I couldn't believe it. I love Chas and Dave.

    • ethel smith profile imageAUTHOR

      Ethel Smith 

      10 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Better not Mick lol. I liked the Chas and Dave videos although I am not really a fan.

      Thanks angelllite. No probs I am always glad of a visit thankjs

    • Angelllite profile image


      10 years ago from United States

      Really enjoyed this hub, trying to find time to read your others.

    • MickS profile image


      10 years ago from March, Cambridgeshire, England

      Watcha Ethel,

      excellent bit of work, and you did manage to avoid the rude ones, especially berk, and pin, but we won't go into them.




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