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Central Europe Destinations

Updated on February 12, 2019

Traveling around Europe can provoke different experiences due to diverse cultures that occur in specific areas across all European countries.These experiences will also differ depending on whether you travel as a tourist or traveler. Destinations such as Colosseum, Eiffel Tower, and the Greek Acropolis are important tourist destinations. Traveling to Central Europe is more often included among new travel and vacation ideas.

The advantage of holidaying in Europe is that most of European sites can be visited in a short period of time as well as on a tight budget. Flights between European capitals take two to three hours and a fast train from London can be in Paris in one and a half hours. This closeness makes seeing all these sites even more thrilling. Europe has never been closer since becoming border-less. It is also quite easy to choose vacations near the sea or in the mountains. Both tourists and travelers attempt destinations in Central and Eastern Europe as new travel destinations. Its various cultures all share attractions such as castles present across all Central Europe.

Mount Climbing Experiences in Europe

Holidaying in the Mediterranean countries is always appealing, but mountains have their own charm. In Europe, one of the most famous and popular mountain destination are the Alps and Mont Blanc. The Alps that are one of the highest mountain ranges in Europe stretching for over 1200 km across France, Slovenia, and Monaco. They join the Western and Central Europe. The Carpathian Mountains are 1500 km long and form the longest mountain range in Europe with only the Scandinavian Mountains being 200 km longer. The Carpathian Mountains have the Tatra Mountains considered to be the Alps of the East.

The Tatra Mountains have lakes, just like Swiss Alps, but placed lower. They also share some of the same fauna such as The Edelweiss flower found only in the Alpine mountains, i.e. the Alps and the Tatras. There are some 30 000 visitors attempting Mont Blanc each year. The Tatras are less crowded but frequented often by those who admire this region.

Mountains may be preferred by travelers rather than tourists, as they need exploration such as getting to know local cultures and food.

The Tatra Mountains
The Tatra Mountains
The Tatra Mountains
The Tatra Mountains
The Tatra Mountains a few days later
The Tatra Mountains a few days later

Mountains in Central Europe are older than the Alps and have more gentle as well as irregular hills. Most hiking and inspiring climbing destinations are on the Polish-Czech and Polish-Slovak border.

The Giant Mountains are subalpine mountains with Alpine vegetation such as rocky deserts in its peaks. They have specific vegetation found only here that includes the remnants of Arctic tundra. They also make the border between Czechia and Poland. They are known as the Krkonose in Czechia and the Karkonosze in Poland. They have many tourist towns such as Rokytnice nad Jizerou in Czechia and Szklarska Poreba and Kudowa Zdroj in Poland.

Czechia is known for its famous historical resorts such as Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad) frequented once by Beethoven. The Giant Mountains in Czechia are part of Bohemia established in 900 AD. As most famous towns in Bohemia were built in the Middle Ages, there are many historical buildings to see near the Giant Mountains as well.

Exotic Parrots in Zakopane

If mountains aren't your forte you can find other entertainment. In Zakopane, visitors can watch and interact with parrots, and these birds know how to entertain.

Exploring Central European Mountains

Mountain ranges in Central Europe form unique natural habitats with unique cultures and customs in a given mountain area. These mountain regions make often natural borders between countries.

The most popular ranges in Central Europe such as the Tatra Mountains form the border between Poland and Slovakia. Its highest peak, Gerlachovsky Stit, located in Slovakia, is also the highest peak in Central Europe. Although the Tatra Mountains separate, they also unite in a certain way, as the local people on both sides share similarities in their way of life and to some extent views.

The Tatra Mountains are also a National Park due to its diverse nature. The main part of these mountains is in Slovakia although a large enough area can be explored in Poland. They fascinate because of their unusual and unique shapes they acquired when once formed by icebergs. Exploring these mountains is always a unique experience due to changing landscapes with different species and environments.

Most guides suggest that the best time to travel in Europe is in early Spring or early Autumn. When visiting the Tatra Mountains the local weather guides need to be considered because of specific weather events such as high precipitation in July. High precipitation is also present during early Spring, so the end of Spring may be a better option to travel.

The Beskids in the South of Poland (Wisła)
The Beskids in the South of Poland (Wisła)

Those who explore mountains recognize different weather patterns in each mountain range. The Beskids are lower with mild and almost blissful climate. Many visitors travel there for health reasons. The Beskids are known for their health resorts that are recognized internationally. Some areas were amongst the many hunting destinations of the Habsburg dynasty when they occupied this area in the 19th century.

The Tatra Mountains that are higher have completely different air and weather characteristics that is more fresh, brisk, and invigorating. There are frequent sudden temperature drops, especially in Autumn and Spring. The temperature in September can drop from 27°C one day to 10°C the next and even lower the next day. It can also be sunny in the middle of a rainy day. The temperature in the areas surrounding the mountains tend to be different than in the mountains when we are climbing them.

The Tatra Mountains from a distance

On the way to the Tatra Mountains
On the way to the Tatra Mountains
The Tatra Mountains on a cloudy day
The Tatra Mountains on a cloudy day
Touring the Tatra Mountains
Touring the Tatra Mountains
Touring the Tatra Mountains
Touring the Tatra Mountains

Mount Elbrus - the highest mountains in Europe

The highest mountain in Europe, Mount Elbrus, is 5642 m high. It is part of Kabardino-Balkaria, situated north Georgia that is now part of Russia, and as such part of Europe. This less frequented destination is known for its unforgettable views as well as unique local cultures.

Changing Aspects of Mountains

Mountains in Central European Mountains offer unique views depending on weather conditions.

Perception Changing Events

Although mountains make natural borders, they also unify. Mountains that separate Central European countries share similar aspects such as the mountains between Germany and Austria, where the Zugspitze that is also the highest mountain in Germany that is also the border between Germany and Austria became a meeting place for climber from both countries.

Border-free aspects are celebrated in many parts of Europe. One such as place is the former border between Poland and Czechia that used to be marked by a river. Now, the regular events such as the Film Festival and Theater Festival on the border is organized on both sides of the former border. Some events such as film screenings screen films from one country to the spectators watching on the other side of the former border across the river. Europe's borderless countries can now celebrate their cultures together. This year's screening commemorated Milos Forman's life and achievements.

Holidaying in Central Europe can also have various challenges. There are many more holidays here, where shops and everything else is closed. Often shops are also closed during weekends, so it is prudent to check if holidays coincide with the trip, as we may face difficulties such as even getting something to eat or adding money to our SIM card.

Traveling by train can also be challenging due to frequent delays. Some accommodation such as hostels also need to be checked, as many of them may not adhere to the same standards as those in Western Europe.


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