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Evora City

Updated on October 2, 2011

Evora City-What Is Evora?

Far down south near the Tagus River in Portugal in the region of wide plains you will find The Alentejo Province.

In the middle of this region on a slight hill with vineyard and rural scenery all around you will find the Evora City.

Evora is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The historic centre has remained unchanged with careful preservation.  Fortified walls surround the entire historic portion.

You will find monuments in the city from various historical periods.  Inside the walls you will be very surprised when you find over 4000 buildings.  They are all of some sort of importance like churches, palaces, gates and squares.

In talking about the historical value of Evora City it is still a vibrant university town.

Evora City-The History

2000 years ago is when the history of Evora City began.  Liberallitas Julia is what the city was called by the Romans.  There are even remains left from 2000 years ago that can still be seen to this very day.

The Imperial Temple of Diana is the best preserved monument of Evora.  You can still see 14 Corinthian columns.

In 715 the Moors tok over Evora and put it under Visigoth rule.  This all happened during the barbarian invasions.

Then in the 12th century Christian knight Geraldo Sempavor came along and took Evora City from the Moors.  Evora at this point became one of the most popular cities in and around Portugal.

Evora was so popular that it seen many royal weddings, most were Gothic in style.  The court cathedral dates back to the 13th century but did have many additions in the 14th century.

In 1485 the Gothic Church of Sao Joao Evanelista was founded.  The crazy thing about this is the church is lined inside with hand painted tiles that can still be seen to this day.

Evora City-The University

The Company of Jesus founded the university in Evora City in 1551.

Some great instructors who taught in the university were Clenardo and Molina.  They passed on their great knowledge to a great number of students.

Then something happened in the 18th century.  The Jesuits were kicked out and the university was closed down.  Because of this Evora city actually went into a great decline.

There are many monuments which clearly document the historical, cultural and artistic past of Evora city.

The monuments clearly show each historic period in this museum like city.

Evora City-A Few More Points

Evora City has roughly 56000 people that live there.  The best time to visit is in the spring or autumn.

Some of the things you will want to see are the Palace of Vasco de Gama, it is known for its preserved Renaissance murals.

then there is St. Francisco church.  Kind of creepy but the skulls and bones of over 5000 monks line the walls.

Then the Roman Temple of Dianna, The Evora Cathedral.

Evora city is the best remaining example of portugals Golden Age


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    • Dale Mazurek profile image

      Dale Mazurek 7 years ago from Canada

      You are welcome jayjay. I am absolutely loving doing the research on these different cities and events

    • jayjay40 profile image

      jayjay40 7 years ago from Bristol England

      Very intersting hub Dale, the Romans certainly got around a lot. Thanks for sharing

    • Dale Mazurek profile image

      Dale Mazurek 7 years ago from Canada

      I am having a lot of fun with these hubs. I love researching and in doing so I am finding out some pretty neat stuff.

      Thanks for stopping by and thanks for the comments.



    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 7 years ago from England

      Hi, what an amazing place. It seems to be a mixture of French, Greek and the a part of the video also looked a bit like Oxford. This is my kind of place. I would love it. and the churches were amazing. I am booking right now!... I wish. cheers Nell

    • Paradise7 profile image

      Paradise7 7 years ago from Upstate New York

      Terrific hub, it's amazing how far-flung the Roman Empire was in it's heyday. I'd love to see that temple of Diana, still standing after 2000 years, in Portugal. I'm impressed too with the description of the St. Francisco church. I've seen pictures, and you're right, it is creepy. All those skulls! Thanks for the hub.