ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Facts About Bermuda (The Bermudas or Somers Islands)

Updated on April 5, 2014

Bermuda, a small group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, about 700 nautical miles (1,300 km) southeast of New York City. The islands constitute a British colony. They have an area of 21 square miles (53 sq km) and a population of 64,237 (2010 est.), more than half of whom are black. The capital is Hamilton. The Bermudas are also called the Somers Islands.

Because the warm Gulf Stream of the Atlantic Ocean passes northwest of Bermuda, the islands have a mild and healthy climate, with no wet and dry seasons. Their climate and beauty attract large numbers of tourists. About 400,000 people visit Bermuda each year. Most of them are Americans, who arrive and leave by air.


Physical Features

Bermuda is made up of about 120 limestone islands and islets and many smaller islands set close together, roughly in the shape of a fishhook. The seven main islands are connected by bridges and a causeway, which form a continuous route of 22 miles (19 km). Relatively few of the islands are inhabited. The largest are Main Island, St. George's, St. David's, Somerset, and Ireland. The highest point is about 260 feet (79 meters) above sea level. The islands generally have a terrain of gently undulating hills covered with luxuriant vegetation and surrounded by brilliant blue ocean.


Military Importance

Bermuda is the most important group of islands protecting the North American coast between Newfoundland and the Bahamas, except for parts of the Atlantic coastal plain such as Long Island. The nearest landfall is Cape Hatteras, 640 miles (1,030 km) west of Bermuda. The islands have long been important as a naval base because of their strategic location. They became particularly vital during World War II. In 1941 the United States obtained from Britain a 99-year lease on an airbase and a naval base in Bermuda.

A U.S. satellite-tracking station completed in the early 1960s in Bermuda has played an important part in the launching of manned orbital space flights.


The tourist industry has been the main support of the colony since 1905, but industry, agriculture, and trade are important sources of income.

The main industries on the islands are ship repairing and the manufacture of concentrated essences, pharmaceutical products, and beauty preparations.


About 4% of Bermuda's land is under cultivation. Onions, potatoes, and green vegetables are produced. Subtropical fruits, such as bananas, papaws, oranges, and grapefruit, also are grown. There is considerable egg and milk production. Easter lily bulbs and flowers are exports.

Domestic exports, mainly concentrated essences, bring in between $11/2 and $2 million a year, but reexports are valued at about $25 million a year. The principal reexport items are pharmaceuticals and fuels and stores for ships. Bermuda's biggest customers are Britain, the Netherlands, and the United States.

The colony must import a large proportion of its food, clothing, fuel, and other necessities. Most of these supplies come from the United States and Britain. The volume of imports for local use generally exceeds the volume of exports and reexports.

The currency, weights, and measures of Bermuda are British, but U.S. currency is widely circulated. Customs duties provide the bulk of the government's revenue. There are no taxes on income, land, or inheritance.

Hamilton | Source


For a long time, carriages and bicycles were the only means of transportation allowed on the islands. The use of automobiles became legal in 1946, but their size and power are restricted. There are no railroads. There is air service to cities in the United States and to Canada, the West Indies, and Europe. Shipping lines run to North America and Europe.


Primary education is free and compulsory. In the 1960s, about 12,000 pupils were enrolled in public and private primary and secondary schools. More than 2,000 of these were attending secondary schools.


A new constitution was introduced in 1968. Under the provisions, Bermuda's administrative head is the governor, who is appointed by the crown. He has special responsibility for external affairs and matters of security. There is a bicameral legislature, which consists of an upper house (the Legislative Council) of 11 members appointed by the governor, some with the advice of the government and opposition leaders, and a lower house (the House of Assembly) of 40 members elected in 2-member constituencies by universal adult franchise. In the general election of May 1968, the United Bermuda party won 30 seats, and its leader, Sir Henry Tucker, was named Bermuda's first government leader.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)