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Facts About Countries

Updated on March 6, 2015
Seckin Esen profile image

Seçkin Esen has been working as an English teacher for 6 years. He obtained his Bachelor's degree in ELT from Hacettepe University in 2010.

Source
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Buenos Aires, Argentina

There are 196 countries in the world now. Every country has its own characteristics. It's a good way to start learning basic facts about a country if you are interested in visiting it. Here are some facts about 57 countries.

ALGERIA

Capital: Algiers

Currency: Algerian Dinar

Area Code: 213

Code: DZ

Area: 2.382.000 km2

ARGENTINA

Capital: Buenos Aires

Currency: Argentine Peso

Area Code: 54

Code: RA

Area: 2.778.000 km2

AUSTRALIA

Capital: Canberra

Currency: Austrailian Dollar

Area Code: 61

Code: AUS

Area: 7.695.100 km2

AUSTRIA

Capital: Wien

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 43

Code: AUS

Area: 83.800 km2

BELGIUM

Capital: Brussels

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 32

Code: B

Area: 30.500 km2

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

BRAZIL

Capital: Brasil

Currency: Curuzeiro

Area Code: 55

Code: BR

Area: 8.515.900 km2

CANADA

Capital: Ottawa

Currency: Canadian Dollar

Area Code: 1

Code: CDN

Area: 9.976.200 km2

CHILE

Capital: Santiago

Currency: Hean Peso

Area Code: 56

Code: RCH

Area: 756.100 km2

CHINA

Capital: Beijing

Currency: Yen

Area Code: 86

Code: RCH

Area: 9.735.800 km2

COLOMBIA

Capital: Bogota

Currency: Colombian Peso

Area Code: 57

Code: CO

Area: 1.138.800 km2


Copenhangen, Denmark
Copenhangen, Denmark

DENMARK

Capital: Copenhagen

Currency: Denmark Krone

Area Code: 45

Code: DK

Area: 43.000 km2

DOMINICIAN REPUBLIC

Capital: Santo Domigo

Currency: Dominican Peso

Area Code: 1809

Code: DR

Area: 36.300 km2

ECUADOR

Capital: Quito

Currency: Sucre

Area Code: 593

Code: EQ

Area: 273.600 km2

EGYPT

Capital: Cairo

Currency: Egyptian Pound

Area Code: 20

Code: ET

Area: 1.000.300 km2

FINLAND

Capital: Helsinki

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 358

Code: SF

Area: 33.000 km2

Eiffel Tower - Paris, France
Eiffel Tower - Paris, France

FRANCE

Capital: Paris

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 33

Code: F

Area: 551.600 km2

GERMANY

Capital: Berlin

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 49

Code: D

Area: 356.200 km2

GREECE

Capital: Athens

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 30

Code: GR

Area: 132.600 km2

HONG KONG

Capital: Victoria

Currency: Hong Kong Dollar

Area Code: 852

Code: HK

Area: 1.000 km2

HUNGARY

Capital: Budapest

Currency: Forint

Area Code: 36

Code: HK

Area: 93.000 km2

INDIA

Capital: Delhi

Currency: Ruppee

Area Code: 91

Code: IND

Area: 3.262.800 km2

INDONESIA

Capital: Jakarta

Currency: Rupiah

Area Code: 62

Code: RI

Area: 1.491.600 km2

IRAN

Capital: Tehran

Currency: Riyal

Area Code: 98

Code: IR

Area: 1.643.100 km2

IRAQ

Capital: Baghdad

Currency: Dinar

Area Code: 964

Code: IRQ

Area: 444.400 km2

IRELAND

Capital: Dublin

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 353

Code: IRL

Area: 68.900 km2

ISRAEL

Capital: Tel Aviv

Currency: Shekel

Area Code: 972

Code: IL

Area: 20.700 km2

Rome, Italy
Rome, Italy

ITALY

Capital: Rome

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 39

Code: I

Area: 301.200 km2

JAPAN

Capital: Tokyo

Currency: Yen

Area Code: 81

Code: J

Area: 369.600 km2

KUWAIT

Capital: Kuwait

Currency: Kuwaiti Dinar

Area Code: 965

Code: KT

Area: 18.000 km2

LIBYA

Capital: Tripoli

Currency: Libyan Dinar

Area Code: 218

Code: LT

Area: 1.759.500 km2

LUXEMBOURG

Capital: Luxembourg

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 352

Code: LUX

Area: 2.600 km2

MALAYSIA

Capital: Kuala Lumpur

Currency: Ringgit

Area Code: 60

Code: MA

Area: 329.750 km2

MEXICO

Capital: Mexico City

Currency: Mexican Peso

Area Code: 52

Code: MEX

Area: 1.969.300 km2

NETHERLAND

Capital: Amsterdam

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 31

Code: NL

Area: 33.000 km2

NEW ZEALAND

Capital: Wellington

Currency: New Zealand Dollar

Area Code: 64

Code: NZ

Area: 268.700 km2

NIGERIA

Capital: Lagos

Currency: Naira

Area Code: 234

Code: VAN

Area: 966.700 km2


a village in Norway
a village in Norway

NORWAY

Capital: Oslo

Currency: Norwegian Krone

Area Code: 47

Code: N

Area: 323.900 km2

PAKISTAN

Capital: Islamabad

Currency: Ruppee

Area Code: 92

Code: PAK

Area: 796.100 km2

PERU

Capital: Lima

Currency: Sol

Area Code: 51

Code: PE

Area: 1.249.100 km2

PHILIPPINES

Capital: Quezon City

Currency: Philippine Peso

Area Code: 63

Code: FI

Area: 299.700 km2

POLAND

Capital: Warsaw

Currency: Zloty

Area Code: 48

Code: PL

Area: 311.700 km2

PORTUGAL

Capital: Lisbon

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 351

Code: P

Area: 92.340 km2

ROMANIA

Capital: Bucharest

Currency: Lei

Area Code: 40

Code: R

Area: 237.500 km2

RUSSIA

Capital: Moscow

Currency: Rouble

Area Code: 7

Code: SU

Area: 17.080.000 km2

SAUDIA ARABIA

Capital: Riyadh

Currency: Riyal

Area Code: 966

Code: SA

Area: 2.150.000 km2

SINGAPORE

Capital: Singapore

Currency: Singapore Dollar

Area Code: 65

Code: SGP

Area: 710 km2

SYRIA

Capital: Damascus

Currency: Pound

Area Code: 963

Code: SYR

Area: 185.200 km2

Madrid, Spain
Madrid, Spain

SPAIN

Capital: Madrid

Currency: Euro

Area Code: 34

Code: SP

Area: 503.500 km2

SOUTH AFRICA

Capital: Pretoria

Currency: Rand

Area Code: 27

Code: ZA

Area: 1.224.300 km2

SOUTH KOREA

Capital: Seoul

Currency: Von

Area Code: 82

Code: K

Area: 99.600 km2

SWEDEN

Capital: Stockholm

Currency: Kron

Area Code: 46

Code: S

Area: 449.700 km2

SWITZERLAND

Capital: Bern

Currency: Swiss Franc

Area Code: 41

Code: CH

Area: 41.700 km2

THAILAND

Capital: Bangkok

Currency: Baht

Area Code: 66

Code: T

Area: 513.100 km2

Istanbul, Turkey
Istanbul, Turkey

TURKEY

Capital: Ankara

Currency: Turkish Lira

Area Code: 90

Code: TR

Area: 783.600 km2

UNITED KINGDOM

Capital: London

Currency: Pound

Area Code: 44

Code: GB

Area: 244.000 km2

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Capital: Washington

Currency: Dollar

Area Code: 1

Code: USA

Area: 9.363.400 km2

VENEZUELA

Capital: Caracas

Currency: Blivar

Area Code: 58

Code: VY

Area: 916.400 km2

More Information About World Countries

  • The largest countries in the world by area are Russia, Canada and United States, respectively.
  • The smallest countries of the world by area are Vatikan, Monaco and Nauru, respectively.
  • There are also many territories and colonies which cannot be called countries as they are governed by other countries. Some of the places which are commonly confused as countries are Bermuda, Greenland and Western Sahara.

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    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 4 years ago from Wales

      A very interesting hub and I look forward to many more from you.

      I vote up,across and share all around.

      Eddy.

    • Seckin Esen profile image
      Author

      Seckin Esen 4 years ago from Ankara, Turkey

      Thank you so much for your nice input Eddy.

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 5 months ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      Great Info

      For Pakistan the area is 796096 instead of 796.100 km2

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