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England & English People, Culture and Values

Updated on October 3, 2011

England is known for its colourful and rich heritage and culture. Places, people, myths and legends come together to tell stories to inspire and fascinate. England’s buildings and monuments reveal the country intriguing and often turbulent past.

England takes its name from the Germanic tribe, the Angles, who settled in Great Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries. Its original name Englaland translates into ‘land of the Angles’. England is the place of origin for the English language, the Church of England and English Law which forms the basis of the Common Law legal systems of countries around the world. England has a constitutional monarch and parliamentary democracy.

The abolishment of the Roman Catholic Church occurred during the English Reformation of the sixteenth century, replaced with the Acts of Royal Supremacy and the establishment of the Church of England under Henry VIII. England was the first country in the world to industrialise with the industrial revolution beginning during the eighteenth century in England.

The English Law legal system is the foundation of many legal systems throughout Anglosphere. The basic set up of English law is with judges sitting in courts, the court system headed by the Supreme Court of Judicaturer consisting of the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice and the Crown Court.

Around England you will find many archaeological sites to visit like Stonehenge in Wiltshire, Devil’s Arrows in North Yorkshire, Rudston Monolith in East Yorkshire and Castlerigg in the Lake District, all dating from the prehistoric era. Also there are places of historical importance like Canterbury Cathedral, York Minster, the Lake District, many castles and stately homes.

The national flag of England is the St George’s Cross, St George being the patron saint of England. The national emblem is the Tudor Rose, while the national coat of arms consists of three lions.

There are many legends to be explored around England with King Arthur, Camelot, Robin Hood and pixies and ogres of all sorts. King Arthur is England’s most famous legend. The ruins that crown a hill near Kirkby Stephen are said to have belonged to Uther Pendragon, Arthur’s father. The current castle at Pendragon is medieval and belonged to Hugh de Morville, one of the murderers of St Thomas a Becket. The legend of King Arthur has been romanticised in films and stories, with the magic of Merlin and the magical kingdom of Camelot. Within this legend tourist’s imaginations can be encouraged with tales of a round table and brave knights, and the romance of Arthur’s wife the beautiful Guinevere. There are many other places around the country that played a part in the mythical tale, places tourists can visit and try to find the secrets and feel the mystery for themselves.

Visas are not needed to visit England but to study or work there if you are travelling from the USA you will need a visa. You need to apply online on the UK Border Agency website.

To find jobs in England the use of the world wide web has become the norm so if thinking of finding a job before going to England it would be fairly easy and a good source. If in England job centres as well as the net will contain most listings of local jobs.

Buying property in England is a buyers market with many bargains available with people struggling to sell as the market stagnates. The slow down in the property market across England is the result of rising interest rates and the credit crunch fallout from the USA. Banks and Building Societies have tightened their lending criteria and many sellers have had to slash prices to lure buyers, so if wanting to move back to England.

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  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 

    6 years ago from England

    Hi, great explanation of good old England! we are lucky over here to have such wonderful sites to visit. Some of the most lovely places are all the hidden away little villages especially in Devon and Cornwall, but the South of England also has some great places too, cheers nell

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