ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Facts You Need to Know about Wichita

Updated on April 21, 2014
Wichita | Source

Wichita, in south central Kansas, is the state's most populous city and the seat of Sedgwick county. Situated at the junction of the Arkansas and Little Arkansas rivers, it is 190 miles (305 km) southwest of Kansas City, Kans. The city has a population of 385,577 (2012).

Wichita is the commercial and industrial center of a rich agricultural and oil- and gas-producing region. The city is the petroleum capital of Kansas, with many oil companies represented. More wheat is milled in Wichita than anywhere else in the state, and the city serves as the meat and soybean oil processing center of Kansas.

Wichita ranks as the largest manufacturing center in Kansas. Aircraft manufacture is the biggest industry, represented by the Hawker Beechcraft Corporation. Cessna Aircraft Company, Gates Learjet Corporation, Spirit Aero Systems, and the Boeing Company. Household appliances, oil-field equipment, camping equipment, farm equipment, metal and wood products, home and office equipment, and computers also are manufactured.

Kansas Turnpike
Kansas Turnpike | Source

Wichita is on the Kansas Turnpike and several interstate highways. The Wichita Mid-Continent Airport, 6 miles (10 km) from downtown, is served by several airlines. The McConnell Air Force Base is southeast of the city.

Wichita State University was founded in 1892; Friends University (1898) is affiliated with the Society of Friends; and Newman University (1933) is also in the city.

A new 14-story city hall was completed in 1975. The old city hall, built in 1892, now serves as home for the Historical Museum. Century II, a circular structure completed in 1969, is a cultural and convention center that includes a concert hall, where performances by the Wichita Symphony Orchestra are given, exhibition halls, and a theater. The Kansas Coliseum, seating 12,000, provides an arena for sports events, concerts, exhibitions, and other shows.

Wichita Art Museum
Wichita Art Museum | Source

Among the city's art museums are the Wichita Art Museum, which has the Murdock collection, one of the largest collections of American art in the United States; the museum of the Wichita Art Association; and the Ulrich Museum of Wichita State University. Other museums include the Fellow-Reeve Museum of Friends University, concentrating on historical relics, paleontology, and zoology; the Wichita Historical Museum; Historic Wichita Cow Town, a replica of early Wichita; and the Mid-America All Indian Center Museum, displaying Plains Indian artifacts. The city also is the site of a fine natural habitat zoological garden.

In 1864, James R. Mead and Jesse Chisholm established a trading post at the junction of the Arkansas and Little Arkansas rivers. Soon after the removal of the Wichita Indians to Oklahoma Territory in 1867, a white settlement grew up at the trading post. The trail followed by Chisholm on a trading expedition in 1865, later called the Chisholm Trail, quickly became an important overland cattle route, and the settlement of Wichita, whose name is derived from the Indian tribe, became a stopping point for cattle drivers.

The first settlers arrived in the area in 1868. Wichita was laid out in 1869 and incorporated as a town in 1870. In 1872 the Santa Fe Railway reached Wichita, a U.S. land office was opened, and the Wichita Eagle and Beacon newspapers were founded. Development of the rich lands, the oil, and commerce and industry brought a rapid increase in population. Wichita was chartered as a city in 1886. It adopted a city manager-commission form of government in 1917.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)