ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Travel and Places»
  • Visiting Asia»
  • Eastern Asia

Facts of Japan - Manga

Updated on May 17, 2011

Japanese originally used Chinese characters with their own ones to have their language. The Chinese characters used to write the word Manga actually means Whimsical drawings. This word first came to be known during 18th century only. Santo Kyoden’s published picture book Shiji no Yokikai, which was published in 1798, the 19th century work namely Aikawa Minwa’s Manga hyakujo and the much popular Hokusai Manga books were the beginning sources of Manga.  The modern sense of Manga has been used by Rakuten Kitazawa.

Manga refers to the comics and printed cartoons. The style was actually developed in the late 19th century only in Japan. After he world war the modern style and form was developed. In Japan, almost every one reads Manga. It consists of such a wide range of genres that it serves to all ages. The broader range that Manga covers are: romance, action-adventure, historical drama, sports and games, science fiction, comedy, horror, sexuality, mystery, business and commerce and many others.

An example of the way you read the original manga.
An example of the way you read the original manga.

Manga has become such a major part of the Japanese publishing industry since 1950. It has a market of 406 billion yen in Japan. Not only in Japan but also the US and Canadian market share of Manga is almost 175 million dollars.

The typical Manga work is printed in White and black. The color range also exists. Usually serials are done in Manga in leading magazines and each Manga is presented as an episode which continues in the next episode. The successful serials are later published in a paperback edition called Tankabon. A Manga artist is called Mangaka in Japanese. He usually works in a small studio with some assistants and a creative editor from a leading publishing company. Some popular Manga serials are even animated even though Manga serials are usually based on well known live stories.

"Akira" - brilliant cyberpunk manga.
"Akira" - brilliant cyberpunk manga.
Characters from one of top manga: "Love Hina"
Characters from one of top manga: "Love Hina"

No age limitations for manga-lovers.

Audience

Kodomo Muke - children,
Josei (or redikomi) - women,
Seinen - men,
Shoujo - young and teenage girls,
Shonen - young and teenage boys.

Manga has a larger influence even outside Japan. The Manhua from Taiwan, Manhwa in South Korea and Manhua from Hong Kong are influenced by Japanese Manga only. Even in France, the Bande Dessinee is influenced by Japanese Manga only. In United States the Manga styled comics are referred as Amerimanga or World Manga.

The modern Manga was actually shaped by two broad processes which are complementary in nature. One of these two views emphasize that during the US occupation of Japan, the culture and art and themes and films brought to Japan by the Western people influenced Japanese Manga. The other one emphasizes that the Japanese traditional culture and art that existed before these outside influence is the central theme of Manga.

But whatever is the influence, the modern Manga which originated during and after the world war was such an explosion and it grew like a giant. The Astro Boy by Osamu Tezuka has become the popular one the world over. Then again the animated version of Sazee-San is still a celebrated one in Japan and it draws more viewers than any other TV program. The stylistic innovations used in these Manga are the basic for their success.

Tezuka used such cinematographic techniques like slow motion, motion picture panel, rapid zooms and close up shots etc. to give a grandeur look to his works. This is the origin and base for the artists that followed Manga in later years. Hasegawa’s detailing of daily life and women’s experiences are truly characterized in Shojo Manga.

Interestingly, after 1950 the largest readership had emerged for Manga and then after two types of Manga came out. They are Shonen Manga meant for boys and Shojo Manga meant for girls. Apart from males, female Manga groups came into prominence in 1969 that were later called as Year 24 Group.

The modern Shojo Manga projects intense life with romance as its theme. For the males Manga has been sun-divided according to the age group. The roles of Manga characters have considerably changed over time. Japan relaxed Manga censorship in 1990 and from then on many sexual Manga themes developed for the adult male readers.

Now Manga is part of Japanese life in every possible way.

Most common types of manga:

  • Maho Shojo - magical girl,
  • Mecha - robots,
  • Ecchi - slightly erotic, often visible underwear, naked body with no details or intimate parts covered,
  • Hentai (jap. pervert) - erotic and pornographic scenes, especially in the anime,
  • Shoujo-ai - for lesbian, much softer than yuri, qualifying only for a kiss or hugging,
  • Shonen-ai - for gays, much finer than yaoi, qualifying only for a kiss or hugging,
  • Yuri - Lesbian, strong sexual overtones, sex often occurs between two girls,
  • Yaoi - Gay, strong sexual overtones, sex often occurs between two guys,
  • Doujinshi - fan-art, similar to the manga (mostly showing couples kissing, less sex).

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      jhgg 6 years ago

      i like it

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)