Facts of Japan - General Knowledge
Japan has 6852 islands. All together they are known as Japanese Archipelago. About 70 percent of Japan consists of forests and mountains. It has a total area of 378000 square kilometers. With around 127.5 million populations, Japan is one of the world’s densely populated countries.
The very first known Japan’s habitation transpired around 30,000 BC. The culture is called a Paleolithic culture. Around 14000 BC Mesolithic to the Neolithic cultures followed. These included the ancestors of the Ainu and Yamato people. After 300 BC Yayoi people entered and mingled with Jomon.
As far as written history is concerned, in the Chinese Book of Han, the Japanese appeared first. During the Asuka period, Buddhism was widely accepted in Japan. Following the Nara Period in 8th century, the feudal era, characterized by Samurai started in 1185. After the civil wars of 1467, during 16th century the Portuguese entered Japan for trading. During this Edo period the study of western sciences also evolved through Portuguese.
In the modern era, Japan opened itself to the outside world in 1854. Following the economic crisis, a centralized state has been nominated under the Emperor. Based on Western political, military and judicial institutions, in Japan, Privy Council had been organized, Meiji Constitution was introduced and the Imperial Diet was assembled.
In this period Japan has become Industrialized and transformed into a world power and started military conflicts for its expansion. In the 20th century, It has extended the military invasion till world war I, which saw Japan emerging victorious. Following its continued invasion into Korea and China, Japan attacked the US naval base in 1941 at Pearl Harbor. World war II started and in 1945 the bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima happened.
In 1947 Japan adopted new constitution. It emphasized more liberal democratic practice. Then in 1956, Japan got its UN membership. From there Japan accelerated its growth path and became the second largest economy of the world.
The climate is temperate and varies from sub tropic to subarctic. While most areas come under temperate zone others come under sub polar zones.
The Ethnic composition is 98.5 percent Yamato race and the rest consists of Ainu, Wiruta and Nibuhu. Shinto and Buddhism are the two major religions followed in Japan. Muslims, Christians and other religions constitute less than 1 percent.
It has four climates. Summer has high temperature and high humidity with lots of rain and typhoon. The winter has snow on the Sea of Japan’s side.
Japan is called the Land of the Rising Sun. The image of the rising sun had officially become the national flag in 1990. And Japan’s capital is Tokyo. Japan has 20 big cities. Here, Japanese is the main language. The currency is Japanese Yen. There are 15 National Holidays in Japan.
Japan has very strict environmental restrictions and has been hailed as one of the best in the world. The water is soft water which does not include too much of lime and minerals and so tape water is drinkable in Japan.
Politically, Japan is a constitutional monarchy but the Emperor has limited powers. The chief power lies with the Prime Minister and the members of Diet. The legislative organ Diet consists of House of Representatives that has of 480 seats and a four year term and House of Councilors that has 242 seats with a six year term.
Japan is leading in scientific research and it has produced 15 Nobel Laureates. Japan has the longest life expectancy in the world. Education system is one of the best in the world as well. With creditable health care, oldest arts, eclectic music, creditable literature, specialty cuisines and sumo like sports Japan has emerged as one of the greatest countries of this century.
- facts of Japan - Interesting places
There are quite a vast number of interesting places in Japan. All these places hold some historical facts and bring back quite interesting memories to the senses.
- Facts of Japan - Important History Events Part I
The Age of Hunting The Jomon Culture The Paleolithic age started around 35000 years ago and people from Asian mainland settled in Japan. It is only at the end of Ice Age, around 10000 years ago, the...
- Facts of Japan - Alcohol
Alcohol in Japan appeared as early as 3rd century. This was recorded in Chinese history as well. In those periods Japanese were fond of alcohol. It might have changed a little with the change of times. But...
- Facts of Japan - Martial Arts Part I
The martial arts in Japan are extremely diverse. While some were imported from other countries, many are developed in Japan. And each martial art has developed different style and many schools based on those...
- Facts of Japan - Samurai
Samurai is a term of pre-industrial Japan that refers a great military nobility. The original term for Samurai in Japan is Saburau. It actually meant those who closely serve the Noble people. The...
- Facts of Japan - Geisha
Geisha actually means Gei which is arts and sha which means doer. The straight translation in English is a performing artist. Geiko is also a name used for Geisha which refers to the geisha...