ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Fur African People

Updated on October 5, 2014
The Fur people from Darfur
The Fur people from Darfur

From A to Z of the African People series, the letter F is dedicated to the Fur people of Africa. They are also referred to as Fora, Fordunga, Furawi, Konjara, or Kungara.

As I was searching for a tribe to represent the letter F , I stepped into the life of these people who brought to my heart a verse I learned a long time ago from Emily Dickinson which I will quote with the acknowledgment concerning the Fur people:

"If I can stop one heart from breaking, I shall not live in vain. If I can ease one life the aching, or cool one pain, or help one fainting robin unto his nest again, I shall not live in vain. "

Who are the members of this tribe?

The word Fur was used to describe the ingenious, non-islamic inhabitants of the Darfur region.The existence of the Darfur (consisting of around 80 ethnic groups) is stated that they come from the early 17th century. It is registered that just after World War I (1914-1918) the Darfur were politically incorporated into Sudan in a complete manner.

Today peace in Sudan is a myth. Since 2003, the Darfur villages are being attacked, plundering and burning their homes, killing and raping the members of the tribe. This issue has resulted in over 400,000 deaths and 2 million people running toward security places such as refugee camps; all because of "human reasons " that go over Human Rights such as:

  1. battles over land and resources
  2. political decisions from the past
  3. ethnic divisions
  4. Islamic power struggles
  5. tricks of the civil war
  6. regional instability

Where are they located?

The Fur people are from Sudan; a country in Northeastern Africa, with a coastline along the Red Sea. It borders Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Chad, Libya and Egypt.

The Fur inhabit the mountainous area of Jebel Marra; the highest region of Sudan.They live mostly in the region called Western Darfur.

The Fur people population found is: Sudan (969,000), Chad (20,000), Egypt (3,300).

How do they live?

These humble people do not consider the wealth of a tribal chief important.

The Fur people live in 'gutitiya' which is a mud house. They wear casual Sudanese cloths. Many dress in a white garment that covers the wearer from head to toe, named 'jalabiya'.

Men are the head of the family. The men bear the family name. They are who bring money to the family by working, while women are in charge of housework. Children help in the house maintenance such as helping their mother and taking care of the animals. They are well educated with respect toward elders.

Since 2003 the Fur people have been crowded into camps in arid desert areas; for their own protection as shown in the picture to the side. If you want to know more about this read the links at the end of this article.

How do they communicate?

They communicate using the Fur language, with no written or symbolic script. It is one of the branches of the Nilo-Saharan language family. Those who live in urban settings are changing to Arabic as a first language.

How do they survive?

Most Fur people practice farming of millet, tomatoes, beans, hibiscus, onions, garlic, pumpkin and peanuts (groundnuts). Increasingly, they make a living in the cash economy by growing exportable crops such as tobacco and cotton.

Source

What characteristics define their diversity?

Beyond all the struggles that the Darfuris are living, their culture which remains seasoning their daily lives and those that meet them is one of the reasons that they have caught international attention. Let me enumerate some special characteristics that define their diversity:

  1. The knowledge of the Quran is the base of manhood.
  2. They use amulets called 'Hijab' for protection against specific things.
  3. Their dance style is unique to the region.
  4. They make their own handmade art and utensils.
  5. To keep the children safe from the outside world the tribe has stories that mentions a character named 'Nyama' that could eat them.

Source
Source

Special honor to Mia Farrow

Mia Farrow (born in 1964) is an actress and humanitarian activist. In September 2000, she was appointed UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. Her widespread work raising funds and consciousness for children and women living in violent countries has reached the Fur people with her son Ronan.

I have linked her photo gallery and other interesting approaches that she has made in behalf of the Fur people.

We ought to move!!!

I was moved by a friend's comment in one of the the African People series from A to Z, mentioning that he has signed a petition for protection of a tribe. Some will do as Mia Farrow and others will sign a petition...the thing is that we ought to move in the way we can for the human rights that are being stepped on.

"First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out - because I was not a Jew. Then they came for the communist and I did not speak out - because I was not a communist. Then they came for the trade unionists and I did not speak out - because I was not a trade unionists. Then they came for me - and there was no one left to speak out for me." Quoted by: Pastor Marti Niemöller (victim of the Nazis)

Blessings to all!

© Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill

by Joanne McDonnell

© 2012 Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      6 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      shiningirisheyes leaving a tear in my eyes...but first of all thanks for the comment (always appreciate your visit). That is so nice of you admitting humbly that you have not heard about them. I love Africa and I want to live in Africa. In the measured I read and searched I understood that I didn't know about Africa. Exactly what you pointed out is what bring tears to my eyes, because as I answered my routine questions I went deeper into their heart and saw that the information is more than just simply answering them. Inquiries like yours comes from those that have eyes and see. I hope many will get inspired and notice what you have and that in an effort move out and help in the way that they can.

    • shiningirisheyes profile image

      Shining Irish Eyes 

      6 years ago from Upstate, New York

      Thank you and I humbly admit I had not heard of this tribe until reading this hub. How can they survive when farming is their only way? From the picture of the encampment it does not appear to be farm-able land?

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      6 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      Glimmer Twin Fan thanks for reading and for your comment. I do agree with their beautiful fabrics, actually one of the things that I love from Africa is their fabric selections. I know you like quilting and you have an eye for fabrics.

    • Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

      Claudia Mitchell 

      6 years ago

      Wow - so interesting. The colors of the fabrics they wear are beautiful amidst their struggles. Interesting hub!

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      6 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      hockey8mn , that is the attitude...Wow!!! your comment makes me grasp again hope in human being. What a wonderful and heart warming idea. Reminds me the song "People" of the songwriter Adam Bainbridge that Barbara Streisand sang.

      May God bless you and your friends.

    • hockey8mn profile image

      hockey8mn 

      6 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Very interesting hub. In a world filled with a persons struggle for power and wealth, this is a great reminder of a persons struggle to live. Me and two friends have been talking about the need to do something by starting up a nonprofit organization. We have so many ideas, but, unfortunately lack the funds and time due to current careers. Someday, hopefully in the not so distant future, we will accomplish our goal. We want it to be kind of like the Red Cross, but with a more personal touch. The idea is for it to be like a 911 service that can go anywhere in the world where disaster strikes (i.e. earthquake, tsunami, war, etc.) that is selected upon by donors. The website would be a place for them to give us ideas of where they want the money to go. When we got there, we would talk with the people and use the money as they needed it, not by giving them random things that they may never need or use. That way, ever dollar spent would be put to a practical use. Many logistical kinks to workout, but is an idea in the workings. Voted up and interesting.

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      6 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      Froggy213 thanks for your comment and understanding.

    • Froggy213 profile image

      Greg Boudonck 

      6 years ago from Returned to an Isla Del Sol - Puerto Rico Will Rise Strong

      Baby, this hub brought me close to tears. I am understanding more and more daily why you have a heart for Africa. Great hub, well written and keep 'em coming!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)