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Garud Ganga : Where pebbles are serpent-repellents

Updated on June 12, 2015
Entry gate : Garud Ganga
Entry gate : Garud Ganga
The temple of Garuda; the circled area shows the writing that "Here pebbles are Prasad"
The temple of Garuda; the circled area shows the writing that "Here pebbles are Prasad"
Garud Ganga river
Garud Ganga river

Garud Ganga : Introduction

High in the Himalayas in the Chamoli district of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, there is a small non-descriptive temple dedicated to Garuda, the mythical half man-half bird mount of Lord Vishnu, on the bank of a small mountain river called Garud Ganga where pebbles from the river bed are considered divine which repel not only serpents but any evil spirit as well. Though famous to the local people, general public does not flock there like other famous temples in Utarakhand due to lack of proper information.

Garud Ganga : Location

The temple of Garuda at Garud Ganga is located about 5 km uphill from Pipalkoti on the National Highway (NH) 58, so very easy to approach.

Garud Ganga river

Garud Ganga, a small tributary of the mighty Alaknanda, flows at about 5 km from Pipalkoti at an elevation of 1372 meter in the Garud valley. The river runs through Pakhi village, close to the Garuda temple and then unites with the Alaknanda River. It is believed that pebbles from the bed of this river has divine property of repelling not only serpents, but also evil spirits in general.

The water of this river is also considered holy. It is believed that bathing in this river or consuming water from this river will wipe out Nagdosham.

Garud Ganga 1
Garud Ganga 1
Garud Ganga 2
Garud Ganga 2

The Garuda temple

There are two or three small temples on the bank of Garud Ganga, one dedicated to Lord Vishnu & His divine consort Goddess Lakshmi, another one dedicated to Garuda, the half man-half bird mount of Lord Vishnu. Garuda himself is also regarded as a minor god.

The temples are small & non-descriptive. Their importance is not in size or grandeur, but on the spiritual point. It is believed that Garuda did penance here to atone for sins committed by killing snakes.

Garuda Temple at Garud Ganga
Garuda Temple at Garud Ganga
Lakshmi Narayana temple at Garud Ganga
Lakshmi Narayana temple at Garud Ganga

The pebbles from Garud Ganga

These are just like the ordinary pebbles found everywhere, but they are attributed the divine quality of having power to repel all sorts of serpents & evil spirits in general from the place where they are kept. It is also believed that the ladies of the house where these are kept will have safe child births.

Hence, devotees collect these pebbles for their homes.

An interesting point to note is that the Garuda Purana, the ancient Hindu text which is based on Garuda & his legends, is also an ancient treaty on gems & Indian Gemology. Is it possible that this has some relation with the value attributed to the pebbles found in the Garud Ganga?

Three pebbles from Garud Ganga. These are supposed to have divine/magical properties, hence highly sought after (Gem??)
Three pebbles from Garud Ganga. These are supposed to have divine/magical properties, hence highly sought after (Gem??)

The Legend of Garuda

Garuda is described in both Hinduism & Buddhism as a large half man-half bird divine creature who is a great enemy of the snakes.

In Hinduism

In Hinduism Garuda is the mount or vehicle of Lord Vishnu, & he is considered as a minor god himself. His father was the great sage Kashyapa. Kashyapa had two wives Kadru & Vinata,& Garuda was the second son of Vinata. Kadru & Vinata had great animosity, & hence Garuda was the sworn enemy of the snakes who were the offspring of Kadru. It is said that Garuda fed exclusively on snakes. According to the great Indian epic Mahabharata Garuda had six sons (Sumukha, Suvarna, Subala, Sunaama, Sunethra and Suvarchas) from whom descended the race of birds.

In Buddhism

In Buddhist mythology, the Garuda are enormous predatory birds with intelligence and social organization and may be considered to be among the lowest gods.

The Garuda are enemies to the Naga, a race of intelligent serpent- or dragon-like beings, whom they hunt.

Garuda  in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal
Garuda in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal
Garuda with Lord Vishnu & Goddess Lakshmi on his back; from a temple in West Bengal
Garuda with Lord Vishnu & Goddess Lakshmi on his back; from a temple in West Bengal
Garuda with Lord Vishnu on his back  in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal 1
Garuda with Lord Vishnu on his back in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal 1
Garuda with Lord Vishnu on his back  in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal 2
Garuda with Lord Vishnu on his back in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal 2
Garuda with Lord Vishnu on his back  in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal 3
Garuda with Lord Vishnu on his back in terracotta in a temple of West Bengal 3
Garuda in stone from a temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu; India 1
Garuda in stone from a temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu; India 1
Garuda in stone from a temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu; India 2
Garuda in stone from a temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu; India 2

Garuda in other countries

The legend of Garuda is not confined to India only. It has spread to countries in South East Asia Like Myanamar, Philippines ,Thailand & Indonesia through Hindu culture & to countries like China, Japan & Mongolia through Buddhist culture.

Garuda motif is the National emblem of Indonesia & Thailand, the City emblem of Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia.

Garuda in wood; Teak Pagoda; Pattaya, Thailand 1
Garuda in wood; Teak Pagoda; Pattaya, Thailand 1
Garuda in wood; Teak Pagoda; Pattaya, Thailand 2
Garuda in wood; Teak Pagoda; Pattaya, Thailand 2

Garuda in real life

Though the half man-half bird physique is a wild play of imagination, in real life some birds are considered as earthy representative of Garuda.

In India, the Brahminy Kite & in Indonesia the Javan Hawk Eagle is considered as such.

The Brahmini Kite is considered as the Earthy representative of Garuda
The Brahmini Kite is considered as the Earthy representative of Garuda

Conclusion

Garud Ganga, with its mythological connection with Garuda, deserves more attention from the tourists flocking to the famous pilgrim sites of Badrinath or Hemkund-Lokpal, or the famous tourist spots of Auli or Valley of Flowers . As it lies on the same way, just a few minutes' stop here will enable the people to see a nice & important temple.

(ALL PHOTOS ARE BY THE AUTHOR & ARE COPYRIGHTED.)

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