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God's Own Country - KERALA India

Updated on July 7, 2010

About Kerala

Kerala, a state of India located on the Southwestern tip of India, enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in Asia. Fondly referred to as ‘God’s Own Country’, Kerala was selected by the National Geographic Traveler as one of the 50 destinations of a lifetime and one of the thirteen paradises in the world.

An equable climate, serene beaches, tranquil stretches of backwaters, lush hill stations and exotic wildlife are the major attractions of this land. A unique advantage of Kerala is that most of the destinations here are just two to four hour drive from the other.

Classical art forms, colourful festivals, unique cuisine are some of the cultural marvels that await travellers. Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine and Panchakarma, the rejuvenation therapy in Ayurveda have also helped Kerala to gain a pan-global reputation as a top of the line destination.

And in Kerala, the season never ends, thanks to the year-long moderate climate and numerous festivals and events.

 

Kerala State Map

Major cities in Kerala

Rank     City\Town                        District                           Population

01          Thiruvananthapuram      Thiruvananthapuram     744,983
02          Kochi                               Ernakulam                     595,575
03          Kozhikode                       Kozhikode                      436,556
04          Kollam                             Kollam                            361,029
05          Thrissur                          Thrissur                          317,526
06          Alappuzha                      Alappuzha                       187,495
07          Palakkad                        Palakkad                         130,767
08          Thalassery                     Kannur                              99,387
09          Ponnani                         Malappuram                       87,495


Click thumbnail to view full-size
Click thumbnail to view full-size


Kerala is one of the smallest states in the in the south-western part of Indian union. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganization Act bringing together the areas where Malayalam is the dominant language. Its area 38.855 square kilometers is just 1.3 percent of the total area of India. The land of India comprises the narrow coastal strip bounded by the Western Ghats n the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. In the words of Sreedhara Menon “Its unique geographical position and peculiar physical features have invested Kerala with a distinct individuality.” Hence it has played a vital role in the commercial and cultural history of India. Kerala has been describes “as the favorite child of nature.” Like Kashmir in the north, Kerala in the south is famous for its breath-taking natural beauty.

With its evergreen mountains, dense forests stately palms, swift flowing rivers, extensive backwaters and blue lagoons, it looks like a fairyland. This atmosphere of beauty and peace has nurtured religion and art in Kerala and enabled her to become a precious gem in the necklace of Indian culture. Indian poets of eminence have showered their praises for the abundance of its peppers, the fragrance of its sandal and the wealth of its coconuts. No part of India is so widely known or has played so important a part in world history as Kerala.


Kerala has a higher Human Development Index than all other states in India. The state has a literacy rate of 90.92 percent, the highest in India. A survey conducted in 2005 by Transparency International ranked Kerala as the least corrupt state in the country. Kerala has witnessed significant migration of its people, especially to the Persian Gulf countries, starting with the Kerala Gulf boom, and is uniquely dependent on remittances from its large Malayali expatriate community.

From as early as 3000 BC, Kerala had established itself as the major spice trade centre of the world. A 3rd-century-BC rock inscription by emperor Asoka the Great attests to a Keralaputra. Around 1 BC the region was ruled by the Chera Dynasty, which traded with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs. The Tamil Chera dynasty, Ays and the Pandyan Empire were the traditional rulers of Kerala whose patriarchal dynasties ruled until the 14th century. The Cheras collapsed after repeated attacks from the neighboring Chola and Rashtrakuta kingdoms. Feudal Namboothiri Brahmin and Nair city-states subsequently gained control of the region. Contact with Europeans after the arrival of Vasco Da Gama in 1498 gave way to struggles between colonial and native interests. By early 16th century, the Portuguese established their domination. They were defeated by the Dutch in 1663, who in turn were forced out of the land by the British East India Company in 1795, bringing the area under British dominion. After independence, the state of Kerala was created in 1956 from the former state of Travancore-Cochin, the Malabar district of Madras State, and the Kasaragod taluk of Dakshina Kannada.

 Kerala is a popular tourist destination famous for its backwaters, Ayurvedic treatments, tropical greenery and verity of sea food. House Boats on the back waters are very famous in Kerala.

 

Kerala is famous for sea food

House boat on the back waters
House boat on the back waters

Comments

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    • alexkoshy13 profile image

      Alex Koshy 

      4 years ago from India

      Watch this vedio.. Beauty of Kerala in 32 secs.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsmH0gAmNes

    • travelholidays profile image

      travelholidays 

      5 years ago from India

      Useful hub with amazing Kerala natural sea food pictures. I like the second fish :)

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 

      6 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      nice hub.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 

      6 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      nice hub.

    • jill of alltrades profile image

      jill of alltrades 

      8 years ago from Philippines

      Wow! Sounds and looks like a real nice place to visit. Thanks for sharing!

    • theindianblues profile imageAUTHOR

      theindianblues 

      8 years ago from Some where on the Globe

      Thank you Mrinalini Iyer for visiting the hub and leaving this wonderful message. Surely will try to change the name wherever it is required.

    • profile image

      Mrinalini Iyer 

      8 years ago

      Great hub to tell about the beautiful place Kerala, India which is called as God's own country - that means god lives in this green rich area. Thanks for sharing this hub and introducing through hub pages where the message will reach millions of people across the globe.

      Now the name of Kerala become KERALAM and hence request you to change the name to Keralam wherever it is mentioned as Kerala.

    • theindianblues profile imageAUTHOR

      theindianblues 

      8 years ago from Some where on the Globe

      Thank you Aruna Nair for your nice comments

    • profile image

      N V S Sharma 

      8 years ago

      I had been there at Kerala for few years. It is really heaven - gods own country!! Beautiful place with full of greenery and back waters, oh I love to be there!!

    • profile image

      N V S Sharma 

      8 years ago

      I had been there at Kerala for few years. It is really heaven - gods own country!! Beautiful place with full of greenery and back waters, oh I love to be there!!

    • profile image

      Nadar Nane 

      8 years ago

      Good hub

    • lovekv profile image

      lovekv 

      8 years ago

      EDA EDA MATHIYEDA .......NIRUTH........

    • profile image

      Aruna Nair 

      8 years ago

      Awesome pictures of Kerala and the back ground history also very good. Yummy fish fry pictures are looking nice.

      Thanks for sharing!

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