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Golden city Salamanca Spain

Updated on September 19, 2013

Salamanca is a Spanish city in the autonomous community of Castile and Leon, capital of the homonymous province. It is located approximately two hundred kilometers west of the capital of Spain, Madrid. In 1988, the Old City of Salamanca was included to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list.


Salamanca was founded long before the Roman rule: assume that its first inhabitants were Celts, sought by fortifications to protect the fertile plain near the river Duero. In Roman times, the city was known as Gelmantika and stood on an important trade route (Via del Plata), connecting the north and the south of Spain. 26-arched Roman bridge, Puente Romano, 15 spans of which, of course, date from this period of history, are still vivid reminder of those times. Most of the places were turned into hotels in Salamanca so now you can rest as a real king in this city.

Subsequently, the city hosts were Alans, who came from France and the Visigoths, who founded, as we remember, their own kingdom of Spain and, finally, the Arabs who have appeared here in 712. The confrontation with the Christians of the past in this area for some reason turned particularly violent, which has a negative impact on the welfare of the city and its residents, so that Christians in the 12th century, who defeated the Moors were finally forced to rebuild the city almost from scratch. In 1218 the most significant event in the history of Salamanca took place: Alfonso IX of Leon founded the university –the first educational institution of its kind in Spain, more recent studies have shown the fifth in the series of the oldest universities in Europe.

Salamanca main Attractions

Most of the old buildings of the city lined with a special type of sandstone mined in the surrounding village of Villamayor, and has a unique golden hue. That’s why Salamanca is sometimes called La Ciudad Dorada («Golden City").

- Common for all cities in Spain, the Plaza Mayor ("Main Square") with its famous arcades and balconies ribbons, which was crowded during the holidays is the guardian of the true spirit of the Spanish city. Unlike its namesake, it is not the Madrid ocher, and, as everyone here has a light sandy color;

- Old (Vieja) and New (Nueva) Cathedrals of Salamanca, laid with a gap in the 4th century (the 12th and 16th centuries). Each was built about two centuries. Old settled in the Roman-Gothic style and is greatly inferior to the new (Gothic and Baroque) in size and splendor of attire. New Cathedral of Salamanca which is better known for the numerous photographs and in the late 19 th century royal decree was listed as the most significant architectural landmarks of Spain;

What do you think of Salamanca?

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    • Vera Petryk profile image

      Vera Petryk 4 years ago

      Thank you for the nice words, this place is truly magical, hope you will make it there and soon:)

    • vibesites profile image

      vibesites 4 years ago from United States

      Wow... that place seem so magical. It's been my dream to go to Europe so I'm saving up for that. Spain is one of my favorite destinations, thanks for sharing. Up and beautiful. :)