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Haiti Earthquake Facts

Updated on July 25, 2012

Haiti Earthquake

On Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 21:53:10 UTC a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti at a depth of 8.1 miles. The epicenter was located 15 miles WSW of Port-Au-Prince. Since then there have been 59 aftershocks so far. A number of these were rather strong aftershocks. The aftershocks have ranged from 4.2 to 5.9 magnitude in strength.

Haiti Earthquake Epicenter

The exact epicenter of the Earthquake in Haiti was located at: 18.443°N, 72.571°W

You can view this on a Google Map, Haiti Earthquake Epicenter.

Haiti earthquake damage satellite image

Satellite view of Port-au-Prince, Haiti Earthquake damage.
Satellite view of Port-au-Prince, Haiti Earthquake damage.

Satellite image courtesy of GeoEye.

2010 Haiti Earthquake Facts

These Haiti Earthquake Facts were compiled shortly after the earthquake. See below for a more recent update to the earthquake facts.

  • This was a 7.0 magnitude earthquake .
  • The USGS says this was the strongest earthquake to hit the area that is now known as Haiti since 1770.
  • 61 reported dead and 180 people unaccounted for, mostly Haitian national staff according to UN numbers. (It is my opinion this number is way too low.)
  • Porte-au-Prince's population is 2,000,000
  • The Haitian government estimates 200,000 have died as a result of this sad incident. 1/21/10
  • 2,000,000 people have been left homeless.
  • 3,000,000 people are in need of emergency aid.
  • January 20, 2010 - 5.9 magnitude aftershock that did little damage.
  • $195 million dollars in aid has been received so far with another $112 million dollars pledged according to one report.
  • Another states that $575 million has been collected via agencies like the World Food Program and UNICEF.
  • The U.S. government has so far given $171 million in humanitarian aid to the Haiti earthquake relief efforts as of 1/21/10.
  • The USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance share is $82 million.
  • The USAID's Office of Food for Peace contribution amounts to $68 million.
  • USAID Dominican Republic health related assistance totals $1 million.
  • 3 million meals have been delivered to 200,000 people. This is far short of the 3,000,000 people believed to have been effected by this quake.
  • UN allocated $40 million for cash for work programs to employ Haitians to help clear away all the rubble.
  • 9,000 peace keepers in Haiti with another 3,500 to be sent there soon.
  • As of January 20th the US military has 2,000 troops on the ground assisting now with another 2,000 airborne personal on the way there. An additional 9,500 personal are afloat standing by nearby.
  • The US has flown 136 air missions bringing 2,400 tons of food and supplies and 1,900 passengers into Haiti.
  • The Toussaint L’Ouverture International Airport is open 24/7 with 153 flights scheduled for January 21st. Of those 38 were US support flights.
  • On January the 19th 165,000 bottles of water and 152,000 liters of bulk water were distributed.
  • The US Navy's Nimitz class USS Carl Vinson is producing 100,000 gallons of drinkable water per day.
  • Water tanks are being built in different parts of the city.
  • 38.5 tons of water, or 62,880 bottles of water have been distributed by the U.S. Coast Guard to date.
  • 14,500 MRE's, Meals Ready to Eat, and 15,000 liters of water are scheduled to be air dropped via C-17 on January the 21st.
  • So far there are 4 food and water distribution hubs. These 4 hubs distribute the supplies to 190 distribution points that reach 96,000 people
  • Mexico plans to send doctors, infrastructure damage experts and search and resue dogs aid.
  • China will help out with $1 million.
  • Ireland: Digicel, an Irish telecommunications company, is donating $5 million directly to relief agencies providing aid in Haiti. Since the company is a prominent cell-phone company in the Caribbean, they will also send specialists to assist in repairing damaged phone networks.
  • France Has committed 65 clearing specialists, 6 sniffer dogs, 2 doctors and 2 nurses.
  • The Netherlands will provide $2.9 million.
  • Spain has pledged $4.3 million to relief efforts.
  • Italy is in the process of sending a C-130 cargo plane that is equipped with an emergency medical personal and a mobile field hospital.
  • Haiti's population is about 9 million people.
  • Haiti is the poorest Western Hemisphere country.
  • Haiti is about the same size as Maryland.
  • Port-au-Prince is the capital of Haiti.
  • Of Haiti's 14 airports only 4 have runways that are paved.

While tons of aid have been delivered to Haiti so far, it isn't nearly enough considering that 3 million people there need food and water. I suspect once the new air tower is erected at the airport and when they are able to reopen up the port that then this will allow aid to more easily get to those who need it. Right now the airport is a major bottleneck in getting food and water to the people.

Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez is claiming that the U.S. used a tectonic weapon to cause the earthquake that struck Haiti. He says this weapon may be a part of HAARP. Some people claim that HAARP is part of some secret U.S. government project meant to control the weather and possibly use it as a weapon. Many people in the USA consider Hugo Chavez to be a whack job freak to put it nicely.

Why in the world would the U.S. do such a thing if we did have such a weapon? Considering how poor Haiti is what would there be to gain from this? Besides I think its safe to say that the U.S. government and its citizens have donated and contributed more to relief efforts than any other country. If not the most, we are near the top of this list.

Aerial satellite view of the damaged buildings in Haiti.

Satellite image courtesy of GeoEye.

How can I find Friends and Family in Haiti?

To find out more information on friends and family you may go to a web page the U.S. State Department has setup to serve as a clearinghouse of information. It has a Haiti Person Finder tool that will be useful to many.

Americans trying to find out more information on family and friends in Haiti may call this State Department Operations phone number: 1-888-407-4747. When call volume is high some callers may get a recording.

Clinton Bush Haiti Fund Public Service Announcement

How Can I Help The People in Haiti?

President Obama has asked former Presidents Bush and Clinton to oversee coordinating private assistance from the public. The web site that has been setup where you may make a donation is located at www.ClintonBushHaitiFund.org.

You may also text "QUAKE" to 20222 to donate $10 to the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund. This $10 donation will be charged to your cell phone bill.

If you would prefer you may make a donation at the Red Cross. Or you may donate $10 to the American Red Cross by texting "HAITI" to 90999. Charges will be billed to your monthly cell phone bill.

It is best to donate money instead of material goods as the logistics involved in actually delivering physical goods so far away is just too complex and expensive.

Associated Press video shows Haitians flooding the streets right after the quake.

Updated Haiti Earthquake Facts

  • It was estimated that 45,000 US Citizens were in Haiti before the earthquake.
  • 16,700 US Citizens and family members were evacuated.
  • 103 US Citizens are either known to be, reported or presumed dead
  • More than 800 orphans are going through the process of being adopted.
  • There have been 59 major aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater on the Richter scale.
  • It is estimated as many as 300,000 were injured making the Haiti Earthquake one of the deadliest natural disasters in modern history.
  • The Haitian government has estimated the death toll to range between 100,000 and 270,00 but since many were buried in common graves the true number may never be known.
  • It could take as much as $14 billion to rebuild the damaged areas.
  • 300,000 houses were destroyed.
  • Left 1,600,000 homeless.

2010 Haiti Earthquake Final Death Toll

The Haitian government puts the final death toll at 316,000.

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By Anthony Goodley ©Anthony Goodley 2010 All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

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2010 Haiti Earthquake Facts Comments

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    • profile image

      Jackie sannia 4 years ago

      hope the rebuild goes well

    • profile image

      zack 4 years ago

      thsnk you

    • mydubstepstudio profile image

      Paul Perry 4 years ago from Los Angeles

      Wow this is still an amazing thing to try and comprehend.

    • profile image

      izrom 4 years ago

      i'm doing a project and there is more sadness that is not seen

    • profile image

      Abby 4 years ago

      So sorry 4 yal

    • profile image

      youp 4 years ago

      hi this is sad

    • profile image

      not you's friend 4 years ago

      this helped with homework, and its sad:(

    • profile image

      not you :) 4 years ago

      It is so sad that this happened! I can't imagine going through that!

    • profile image

      kesha 4 years ago

      I am so happy how all of us helped y'all cause than y'all would had Been homeless.

    • profile image

      Brittany 4 years ago

      My gma was only 200 miles away in Aruba

    • profile image

      4 years ago

      RIP do all that had died and left homeless

    • profile image

      me!brap 5 years ago

      wow a lot of money down da drain :p RIP

    • profile image

      Love XOX (X 5 years ago

      I feel bad for all of the people who were killed.

    • profile image

      Sailingships 5 years ago

      With all the millions donated to Hati, no one should be living in tents! who controls all the donations?

    • profile image

      lol xx 5 years ago

      soo sad

    • profile image

      poooooooooooooooooooooo 5 years ago

      i was crying when i heard it it is soo sad xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

    • profile image

      whoooo 5 years ago

      and i hope it gets all bilt back and it is nice again

    • profile image

      whoooo 5 years ago

      it is so sad to hear and it is such a nice place ..

    • profile image

      dougie*girl 5 years ago

      awwwwww those poor people that made me cry in the bathtub

    • profile image

      chris 5 years ago

      i feel so sad about them i hope they recover well

    • profile image

      Parker Jones 5 years ago

      I understand what you mean. Haiti is a very fragile place and one major disaster would impact not only the foundation itself but the people as well.

    • profile image

      Lucy 5 years ago

      Needed to find out about a natural disaster for home work.

    • profile image

      It's Me 5 years ago

      This is helping a lot in my project

    • profile image

      louisa 5 years ago

      i am doing a 7 page reaserch papper on this and this helped a lot

    • profile image

      :( sadness 5 years ago

      wow 7.o magnituda it stretrched over 8 miles

    • Gregorious profile image

      Gregorious 5 years ago

      A very informative and well researched hub. The extent of damage was truly colossal. 40 seconds changes lives forever.

    • profile image

      sad4them 5 years ago

      I think it's great people in other countries can care about how those people in Haiti felt. I feel bad for all the homeless, widows/widowers, orphans, and the lost :(

      Jesus saves.

    • profile image

      gabriel_emo 5 years ago

      il doing a report right now on haiti's earthquake right now this sight is gona give ma an A+

    • profile image

      gabriel_emo 5 years ago

      that's sad

    • profile image

      quikescoper 5 years ago

      i feel sad for them

    • profile image

      mohammed 5 years ago

      so helpfuul and sad

    • louromano profile image

      louromano 5 years ago

      god bless u all. i hope your country recovers in harmony..... jesus will save you

    • profile image

      angelica 9999 5 years ago

      so helpful thanks :D

      i sent my help to red cross

    • profile image

      josephine 5 years ago

      OMG ifeel sooooooooooooo sorry for them

    • profile image

      roxy 5 years ago

      omg no way all this happened iam going to cry :(

    • profile image

      Alex 5 years ago

      Not cool what happened i'm doing a report HI MOM

    • profile image

      Braeden Holden 5 years ago

      that was really terriable i hope god keeps them in perfect peace

    • profile image

      Chelsey 5 years ago

      wow.. so horible! i almost cried.. :( i feel SOOOO bad for the ppl of haiti. Also you have some rlly good facts herre.

    • profile image

      jazzimen 5 years ago

      wow when i saw this video i wanted to cry i didn't know an earthquake could do that much

    • profile image

      Haitesadchick.12 5 years ago

      Man the video up there made me relize...wow.."that's very sad..how everyone is loosing their friends and family and kids" help them..do the right thing

    • profile image

      Dman 5 years ago

      I am doing a report. This helped. Thanks!!!!!!

    • profile image

      DR.DRE 5 years ago

      Sad......... :(

    • profile image

      MoyGurl 5 years ago

      awww this breaks my heart. All those people

      God have compassion over them!

    • profile image

      5 years ago

      Even though you may be a kidyou can make a difference.P

    • profile image

      frankie x 5 years ago

      this is soo sad to here hope they will all recover and try to get on with there lives as much as they can

      and this has helped me with my homework thanks and all my wishes xxx

    • profile image

      selena 5 years ago

      This is soooooooo SAD

    • profile image

      suzanu 5 years ago

      i feel really sorry for those who loose their families. its really bad. i feel like going there and help them out in a sec but i can't that's the problem.

      good facts here,helped the homework thanks

    • profile image

      Manveeeeerr 5 years ago

      Awww I Feel Soo Bad If Only I Helped When I Had 2 :(

    • profile image

      emily is cool 6 years ago

      i feel sooooo bad . im doing a project on this and it helped a lot!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! thanks!

    • profile image

      abi 6 years ago

      helped the homework thanks

    • profile image

      teci 6 years ago

      helped the homework :)

    • profile image

      RACHEL 6 years ago

      WE love HAITI

    • profile image

      TectonicChaser 6 years ago

      Thanks For All The Facts :D Used Them For My School Project:D

    • profile image

      colin 6 years ago

      i like haiti

    • profile image

      Bllah 6 years ago

      i feel sooo bad

    • profile image

      [Insert Name] 6 years ago

      Its obvious that the Earth is undergoing some major change (COUGH 2012 COUGH)

    • profile image

      Soo Epiic 6 years ago

      Wow' I used thiss for mah Project thingiee. (:

      Itss really boquss wat happened tharee' ;(

    • profile image

      Karla Layden 6 years ago

      Preparing a presentation on a strategy to help the Haitian people to be given to a parish community in New York.

    • profile image

      sumaya 6 years ago

      wow we must help them man

    • profile image

      Jae 6 years ago

      This is soo sad. i hope everyone cares about these ppl in Haiti and all over the world.

    • profile image

      Rachel 6 years ago

      This Site Is Very Useful ...

    • profile image

      Georgie 6 years ago

      wow. its been a year now? and yet haiti is still not back to normal, i feel for everyone who lost somebody in the earthquake, and although im only a teenager, i wish i could help!

    • profile image

      Sbab 6 years ago

      Thanks this really helped me as i have to right a report on the earthquake for a school project. This is really sad but it also shows how bad the Japan earthquake is as well as this was awful but not nearly as bad as the tsunami in Japan :(

    • profile image

      sandeep 6 years ago

      they got hit hard

    • profile image

      the beast 6 years ago

      god bless u all. i hope your country recovers in harmony..... jesus will save you

    • profile image

      Chelsea  6 years ago

      The official revised death toll is actually 316,000, but besides that all the other facts seem perfectly accurate. Thanks for the help. R.I.P and those who were caught up in the diaster

    • profile image

      Luceq1 6 years ago

      Tbh some facts are wrong, but i feel so sorry for all the people effected by the horrific event

    • profile image

      RawrCookie 6 years ago

      too be honest some of these facts are a bit wrong but i am very sorry to the people in Haiti and R.I.P to those who died

    • profile image

      booM! 6 years ago

      now japan!!

    • profile image

      hot choclate 6 years ago

      WE ARE SO SORRY ABOUT THE EARTHQUKE

    • profile image

      Sammy Jade 6 years ago

      this is so sad, it's terrible to think if that happened in my country. i would be so worried. but thank you for the information, its very intriguing

    • profile image

      sweatheart 6 years ago

      omgsh that is so sad i called have cryed it was har to keep the tears in....xx

    • profile image

      Ramon 6 years ago

      With the death toll continuing to rise in the Christchurch earthquake I never did hear to what extent it got to in Haiti.

    • profile image

      Angela 6 years ago

      I really need to get a level 7 on this school project I'm doing and hub REALLY helped! Thanks...

      x

    • profile image

      me 6 years ago

      thanks for facts really helpful for my project.

    • profile image

      holahola 6 years ago

      this was a very helpful site

    • profile image

      melissa 6 years ago

      i had to do this 4 a project 2 help haitie

    • profile image

      whocares 6 years ago

      interesting, glad you could help me on my school project

    • profile image

      Cat 6 years ago

      I was shocked at the thought of the poor children and their conditions!

    • profile image

      qaz 6 years ago

      it is the saddest of disasters of all time!nyway the information was very useful:-)

    • profile image

      me 6 years ago

      it was so sad when i found out i was devastaded

    • edmondpogi profile image

      edmondpogi 6 years ago

      we better be prepared for any natural disaster

      Safety First: Earthquake Emergency Campaign

    • profile image

      Liv M 6 years ago

      let haiti's injured recover and be happy again and to build there families back up.

    • profile image

      ashley 6 years ago

      i feel so bad i cried

    • profile image

      Amy  6 years ago

      That's so sad what happen to Haiti. I don't know what would happen if that happen to me.

    • profile image

      me 6 years ago

      wow this is just so trajic! all those poor people :( I am soooo luky tob not be livign there

    • profile image

      Louise 6 years ago

      I cannot empathise with what these poor souls have gone through and I hope I never have to! But my sympathy goes out to all of those innocent lives took. R.I.P

    • profile image

      xxLaurenxx 6 years ago

      The disaster made me realise how lucky I am. I feel for all those little kids who died.x

    • profile image

      Charlotte 6 years ago

      I feel so bad for all of the people who didn't make it through the earthquake in haiti.

    • profile image

      ananya 6 years ago

      so saaaaad!!!! :(

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      Heather 6 years ago

      I was in in a magnitude 7.1 earthquake last year in Christchurch New Zealand. It was very very scary. My heart goes out to all the people in Haiti We have had a lot of damage but no loss which was amazing. Haiti has suffered far more.

    • profile image

      Laraib  6 years ago

      .GOSH ! : D God .\

      PleaSee Help HAITI ! :) Y UCAN HELP TOOOO !

    • profile image

      cash 6 years ago

      this had very little useful information for my school project

    • profile image

      JO$EIT 6 years ago

      BLESS THEM PEPS IN HAITI

    • profile image

      BAM BAM 6 years ago

      this site is really usefull

    • profile image

      Sarah 6 years ago

      I really want to make at least a small difference in the world, so I'm trying to find an organization to try to raise money for. My goal for now is $1,000.

    • profile image

      Meltemrox 6 years ago

      This is sooo sad

      I

    • profile image

      gringita bae 6 years ago

      historical fiction essay

    • profile image

      scouser 470 6 years ago

      it really makes me think bout how we take these things 4 grantide

    • profile image

      keiry ortiz 6 years ago

      i blieve that,that stragedy had to be painful because haiti is very important for people god bless haiti