ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

History of Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada

Updated on September 10, 2014

he founding of Halifax, 1749

Source

Colonel Edward Cornwallis

In July 1749 Colonel Edward Cornwallis sailed south along the coast of Nova Scotia with 2,500 soldiers and settlers. His mission was to establish a strategically situated counterpart to the French fort of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island, and in a large bay known to the local Indians as chebucto he found his site. The little settlement that grew up around this first fort was named after the Earl of Halifax , who was then president of the British Board of Trade.

Fortified harbor

Over the years the British added fortified harbor installations for their warships and a massive citadel bristling with cannon. Commercial vessels also began to use the conveniently situated, ice-free harbor, and privateers—officially licensed pirates—put in here to sell their booty. Before long, Halifax had developed into a turbulent seaport, and by the early 19th century it was a town of taverns and brothels, warehouses and shipyards.

Nova Scotia history is very interesting

The Famous Troopship Olympic at Halifax

Source

Canada's principal Atlantic port

In 1867 Nova Scotia became one of the founding provinces of Canada, and Halifax was named its capital. Thereafter, the town consolidated its reputation as Canada's principal Atlantic port. The First World War brought further development. In the city's sheltered harbor, supply ships and troop transports assembled in large convoys prior to crossing the Atlantic.

Tragically, Halifax paid a heavy price for this wartime prosperity: in December 1917, the French munitions ship Mont Blanc collided with another vessel in the Narrows outside the Bedford Basin, the main harbor area. The explosion that followed—the largest man-made explosion in history until the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima— killed almost 2,000 people and destroyed the entire north end of the town.

Halifax Explosion Blast Cloud

Source

Historic Places in Halifax

The Clock Tower erected in 1796-1797 by George Ill's son, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, then commandant of the town, its purpose was to remind his troops of the need for punctuality.

Beyond it, at the highest point of the hill, is the imposing mass of the star-shaped "Citadel. In their present form, the massive bastions and moats of the Citadel date from between 1828 and 1848. Commandingly situated above the town, it was designed to protect the harbor, but its cannon were never fired in anger. In fact, the only enemies who ever got near the Citadel were German POWs who were confined there during the two world wars.

In 1956 it was restored and became the Halifax Citadel National Historic Park. A drawbridge leads into the spacious inner courtyard, where students in historic military uniforms are on parade during the summer months. The old barrack quarters now house an Army Museum and displays of military technology. An audio-visual presentation in the main building, "The Tides of History," graphically illustrates the civic and military history of the city.

Citadel hill

Source

Shattered City -The Halifax Explosion

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 

      4 years ago

      I love history and this was very interesting. Great to learn about places in Canada.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)