ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Travelers' Diarrhea, H1N1, Norovirus, etc. Protect Yourself When You Travel.

Updated on June 2, 2015

Beautiful Indonesia

This beauty can take a turn for the worse. Prepare To Stay Healthy Before You Fly
This beauty can take a turn for the worse. Prepare To Stay Healthy Before You Fly | Source

Make A Checklist.

Did you pack your Travel Health Emergency Kit

See results

The World loves Italy.

Be alert, Be careful where you eat.
Be alert, Be careful where you eat. | Source

Enticing Los Cabos on the tip of the Baja Peninsula

A little ice cube can bring your happy time to a screeching halt. Only use bottled water when in foreign destinations
A little ice cube can bring your happy time to a screeching halt. Only use bottled water when in foreign destinations | Source

Do Your Due Diligence before you Fly.

Once you make the decision to fly to a country that you know nothing about, except that it's beaches are some of the most beautiful beaches and the weather is gorgeous year round. You need to think about other "stuff", like -

  1. Malaria -serious and occasionally fatal disease.
  2. Typhoid Fever - associated with eating foods prepared in unsanitary conditions, and drinking contaminated water.
  3. Chikungunya - causes fever, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, rashes, etc,
  4. Norovirus - highly contagious, causes vomiting and diarrhea.
  5. Dengue Fever - causes severe flu-like symptoms, sometimes leads to Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever which can be fatal.
  6. H1N1 - new strain of influenza virus and causes similar symptoms, i.e. severe headaches,chills, fever, sore throat, etc,
  7. Travelers Diarrhea - causes severe cramps, bloating, more than three bowel movements per day.
  8. Hepatitis - infects the liver and is caused by consuming contaminated food and water, using dirty needles or syringes and practicing unsafe sex.
  9. Leptospirosis - caused by coming in contact with water, soil or food contaminated with urine from infected animals. In severe cases causes bleeding under the skin, kidney failure, chest pains, etc.
  10. Rickettsiosis - caused by ticks, mites or body lice, causes skin rash, skin lesions, fever, gastrointestinal problems, joint pain, etc.
  11. Sun poisoning - is a severe case of sunburn. this is usually form from ultraviolet, (UV rays), radiation that inflames your skin. Causes dehydration, blistering painful skin, headache, fever,nausea, dizziness, etc.
These are just a few travel related diseases that you will want to avoid. Be sure that you are not taken by an eruption of rashes or worst.

Sun poisoning rash developed after a swim - an abnormal reaction to UV light.

An itchy eruption puts a damper on girl's Hawaiian vacation. She was poisoned by UV rays.
An itchy eruption puts a damper on girl's Hawaiian vacation. She was poisoned by UV rays. | Source

Prepare for travel

All travelers should be prepared for travel and should be aware of health issues and the measures to protect themselves, if the need arises.

Pack a medical kit with enough supplies for yourself and any other person who is traveling with you. There are three important Ps to keep in mind when traveling. These are, Be Proactive, Be Prepared and Be Protected.

Get your Immunizations before you Travel.

Protect yourself, prepare your body's defense before you fly.
Protect yourself, prepare your body's defense before you fly. | Source

Protect yourself against Yellow Fever & Dengue Fever.

An Asian tiger mosquito carries viruses for yellow fever and dengue fever.
An Asian tiger mosquito carries viruses for yellow fever and dengue fever. | Source

Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant

You should not be flying if you have passed 32 weeks of pregnancy.
You should not be flying if you have passed 32 weeks of pregnancy. | Source

Be sure to check Health Department websites for health Advisories.

  The WHO has specific vaccination requirements for certain regions of the world
The WHO has specific vaccination requirements for certain regions of the world | Source

Be PROACTIVE!

Take steps to be prepared for any health issues that would arise during your travel. Learn about any health advisories and weather conditions about your Destination.

Have a full medical check up. Make sure that you are healthy to travel to your destination choice. Have a vision and dental check up too.

Immunization is one of the most important ways to minimize your chance of being infected with a travel-related illness. Talk to your family doctor, discuss your travel destinations and the immunizations that you will need for the region that you are going to, and make sure that your childhood immunizations are up-to-date.

These are some of the disease that are preventable by vaccines, e.g. -

  • Cholera
  • European tick-bourne encephalitis
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Influenza
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Thyphoid
  • Yellow fever

Look up the Health Department Website of the country you are about to visit.

Check your personal health status, you should not be flying :-

  1. with a baby less than 48 hours old,
  2. have passed 32 weeks of pregnancy
  3. have had any major surgery recently
  4. if you have suffered any serious illness recently

Check with your doctor to be sure that you are healthy to fly, some airlines will not let you on the aircraft if you are suffering from serious illnesses.

Get travel health updates from your Government Travel Health websites.

For Canada the website is www.travelhealth.gc.ca.

For U.S.A the website is www.cdc.gov/travel.

For The World Health Organization ( WHO) the website is www.who.int.

Pack Your Personal Health Care Kit

Have your personal bag of healthcare and emergency supplies.
Have your personal bag of healthcare and emergency supplies. | Source

Be prepared for allergies

Don't forget that EpiPen
Don't forget that EpiPen | Source

Take your Malaria medication with you

There is no vaccine for Malaria
There is no vaccine for Malaria | Source

Use Portable Water Filter

A portable water purifier bottle removes polutants and contaminants.
A portable water purifier bottle removes polutants and contaminants. | Source

Be PREPARED!


Pack smart! Be sure to think about where you are going and whether you would have access to medical supplies that you might need. You would want to take along a personal health care kit.This should include -

  1. Your medications, make extra prescription refills to take along with you . You should keep each of your prescriptions in your carry on luggage and in your health care kit.
  2. A hard copy of the list of medications, (generic names included) that you are taking.
  3. Your EpiPen, if you have severe allergies.
  4. Medicines to prevent malaria.
  5. Antibiotic prescribed by your doctor.
  6. Anti diarrhea medications (Imodium, Kaopectate 1D,Maalox antidiarrheal, Pepto Diarrhea control), this is just to name a few.
  7. Antihistamine, with or without decongestant.
  8. Anti motion sickness medications.
  9. Medicine for pain.
  10. Mild laxative.
  11. Cough suppressant or expectorant.
  12. Antacid.
  13. Antifungal and antibacterial creams or ointment
  14. Hydrocortisone cream.
  15. Insect repellant, containing DEET (30 or 50%) or pericaridin up to (15%).
  16. Sunscreen, SPF 15 or greater, with both UVB and UVA protection.
  17. Antibacterial hand wipes and hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
  18. Lubricating eye drops.
  19. Band aids,gauze, bandages, antiseptic, tweezers, scissors, digital thermometer, cotton tip applicators, a quick reference first aid card and other basic first aid needs.
  20. Oral rehydration solution packets.
  21. Aloe gel for sunburns.
  22. Water purification tablets and filters.
  23. Commercial suture/syringe kits used by a healthcare provider.

Plan ahead for illnesses and injuries. Have your health insurance with you.

Ask a family member, friend, neighbor or anyone you can trust to be your contact person while you are on vacation. If you can, leave a copy of your prescriptions and your medical conditions with that person.

Have your Travelers Health Insurance with Your Passport

Save your self from unexpected health care costs.
Save your self from unexpected health care costs. | Source

Preventive Hand Washing Measures

Wash your hands with soap and water to avoid an infection of Travelers Diarrhea
Wash your hands with soap and water to avoid an infection of Travelers Diarrhea | Source

Purify water before you drink it.

Drinking contaminated water is the most common cause of Travellers Diarrhea
Drinking contaminated water is the most common cause of Travellers Diarrhea | Source

Be PROTECTED!


  1. You can wear long sleeve shirts and long pants when you are outdoors at night in malaria infected areas.
  2. Use your sunscreen and your bug protection on any uncovered skin.
  3. Sprays, such as permethrin, can be sprayed onto clothes to keep mosquitoes away from clothes. Do not spray permethrin on skin.
  4. If you can, stay in hotels and resorts that are air conditioned and well screened.
  5. Be careful about food and water.
  6. Avoid tap water, ice cubes.
  7. Wash your hands with soap and water before eating and preparing food, if soap and water are not available use alcohol based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  8. You should only drink boiled or bottled water, or carbonated (bubbly) drinks.
  9. Use portable water filters. Filters that has the words "reverse osmosis" written on the label protects against Cryptosporidium (causes gastrointestinal disease with diarrhea).
  10. Thoroughly wash your hands after you use the bathroom, cough or sneeze.
  11. Only swim in chlorinated water. Do not swim in freshwater in developing countries.

Learn about water treatment methods through this link http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/water-treatment.htm

For some other types of illness, preventative measures can be taken by making healthy choices in what and where you eat and drink in the countries you visit.

Be sure to thoroughly to wash your hands and feet often and wear proper footwear to prevent you feet from touching the ground in public areas. This would help prevent parasite and bacteria from latching on to and entering a contact point on body .

When you get back home, you should seek medical attention if you are feeling sick. Tell your family doctor your travel history.

Malaria

The life cycle of the Malaria parasite,  from mosquitoes to humans.
The life cycle of the Malaria parasite, from mosquitoes to humans. | Source

World Malaria Day.

It Is estimated that 18% of Malaria deaths occur in just 14 countries. World Malaria Day was establish by the World Health Organization (WHO) Member States to highlight the need to develop commitment for Malaria Prevention and Control.

World Malaria Day for the year 2015 is Saturday, April 25th.

They ask the question "What can Malaria Day Do for You?"

The link, above, will take you to the World Malaria Day homepage. It taught me how serious Malaria is in some country, please take your Malaria medication on your travels.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Kbdare profile image

      Kbdare 4 years ago from Western US.

      Very informational Hub! Good advice for travelling by airplane and avoiding illnesses. Thanks for sharing!

    • skperdon profile image
      Author

      skperdon 4 years ago from Canada

      Thank you Kbdare.

    • My Cook Book profile image

      Dil Vil 4 years ago from India

      Excellent hub! very informative with lots of useful tips. A must read for every one who travels regularly. Good share friend! These type of hubs are very useful. Good share, great work! Thank you. I voted it UP

    • skperdon profile image
      Author

      skperdon 4 years ago from Canada

      Thank you for your comment My Cook Book. I have heard of a few fatalities, don't want it to happen to anyone else. By the way, I love your hub " Curry leaves rice", going to try it.

    • rose-the planner profile image

      rose-the planner 4 years ago from Toronto, Ontario-Canada

      I think that most people in general do not take the necessary precautions when they travel outside of their own country. You have brought up some very important points about the often overlooked serious illnesses that individuals can develop when visiting other parts of the world. A few simple precautions can make a much anticipated vacation all the more pleasurable. Great article! Thanks for sharing.

    • skperdon profile image
      Author

      skperdon 4 years ago from Canada

      You're welcome rose-the planner. Thank you for the comment.

    • profile image

      FARRY 21 months ago from Pakistan

      Excellent hub! very informative with lots of useful tips. A must read for every one who travels regularly. Good share friend! These type of hubs are very useful. Good share, great work! Thank you

    • skperdon profile image
      Author

      skperdon 21 months ago from Canada

      Thank you for your comment medicalsymptoms! I'm wasn't aware of a lot of the health hazards that can happen to travellers until me and my kids got came down with a bad bout fever and diarrhea from a bacterial infection after eating at a wayside restaurant on the way to the airport.

      Took us a week to recover from that, mysteriously my husband wasn't affected!

    • Happymommy2520 profile image

      Amy 4 months ago from East Coast

      Great article. You are so right about swimming in the water. You are also right about carrying cortisone cream with you. I prefer traveling in my own country with my kids. It's safer. Very informative article. Voted up!

    Click to Rate This Article